Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of part
Meaning of part by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From Middle English part, from Old French part, from Latin partem, accusative of pars ( “piece, portion, share, side, party, faction, role, character, lot, fate, task, lesson, part, member” ). Akin to portio ( “a portion, part” ), parare ( “to make ready, prepare” ). Displaced Middle English del, dele ( “part” ) ( from Old English dǣl ( “part, distribution” ) ), Middle English dale ( “part, portion” ) ( from Old English dāl ( “portion” ) ), Middle English sliver ( “part, portion” ) ( from Middle English sliven ( “to cut, cleave” ), from Old English ( tō )slīfan ( “to split” ) ) .


    • ( UK ) IPA: /pɑːt/, X-SAMPA: /pA:t/
    • ( US ) IPA: /pɑɹt/, X-SAMPA: /pAr\t/
    • ( Australia ) IPA: /paːt/ X-SAMPA: /pa:t
    • Rhymes: -ɑː( r )t


    part ( plural: parts )

    1. A fraction of a whole; a portion syn. transl .
      Gaul is divided into three parts .
    2. A distinct element or component
      The parts of a chainsaw include the chain, engine, and handle .
    3. A group inside a larger group syn. transl .
    4. duty; responsibility
      to do one’s part
    5. share, especially of a profit
      I want my part of the bounty .
    6. Position or role ( especially in a play )
      We all have a part to play .
    7. A unit of relative proportion in a mixture
      The mixture comprises one part sodium hydroxide and ten parts water .
    8. 3.5 centiliters of one ingredient in a mixed drink
    9. A section of a document
      Please turn to Part I, Chapter 2 .
    10. ( US ) The dividing line formed by combing the hair in different directions syn. transl .
      The part of his hair was slightly to the left .
    11. ( music ) The melody played or sung by a particular instrument, voice, or group of instruments or voices, within a polyphonic piece
      The first violin part in this concerto is very challenging .
    12. ( Judaism ) In the Hebrew lunisolar calendar, a unit of time equivalent to 3⅓ seconds syn .
    13. A section of land; an area of a country or other territory; region
    14. Each of two contrasting sides of an argument, debate etc.; "hand".



    Derived terms


    part ( third-person singular simple present parts present participle parting, simple past and past participle parted )

    1. ( intransitive ) to leave
    2. to cut hair with a parting
    3. ( transitive ) To divide in two .
      to part the curtains
    4. ( intransitive ) to be divided in two or separated
    5. ( transitive, now rare ) to divide up; to share
    6. ( transitive, computing ) to leave ( an IRC channel )

    Derived terms


    part ( not comparable )

    1. fractional, partial
      Fred was part owner of the car .


    part ( comparative more part, superlative most part )

    1. partly, partially, fractionally

    Derived terms


    External links

    • part in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • part in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911


    • prat, rapt, tarp, trap

Explanation of part by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. force, take, or pull apart

    2. Moses parted the Red Sea
    3. come apart

    4. leave

    5. go one's own way

    6. The friends separated after the party
    7. discontinue an association or relation

    8. The business partners broke over a tax question
    1. in part

    2. I felt partly to blame
      He was partially paralyzed
    1. the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group

    2. the government must do its part
    3. the part played by a person in bringing about a result

    4. something less than the whole of a human artifact

    5. the rear part of the house
      glue the two parts together
    6. a line of scalp that can be seen when sections of hair are combed in opposite directions

    7. his part was right in the middle
    8. that which concerns a person with regard to a particular role or situation

    9. it requires vigilance on our part
      they resisted every effort on his part
    10. one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole

    11. the written part of the exam
    12. an actor's portrayal of someone in a play

    13. she played the part of Desdemona
    14. the melody carried by a particular voice or instrument in polyphonic music

    15. he tried to sing the tenor part
    16. the extended spatial location of something

    17. religions in all parts of the world
    18. a portion of a natural object

    19. they analyzed the river into three parts
    20. assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an individual person or group

    21. something determined in relation to something that includes it

    22. he wanted to feel a part of something bigger than himself

    Definition of part by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Part ( pärt ), n. [F. part, L. pars, gen. partis; cf. parere to bring forth, produce. Cf. Parent, Depart, Parcel, Partner, Party, Portion.]
      1. One of the portions, equal or unequal, into which anything is divided, or regarded as divided; something less than a whole; a number, quantity, mass, or the like, regarded as going to make up, with others, a larger number, quantity, mass, etc., whether actually separate or not; a piece; a fragment; a fraction; a division; a member; a constituent.

      And kept back part of the price, . . . and brought a certain part and laid it at the apostles'feet. Acts v. 2.

      Our ideas of extension and number -- do they not contain a secret relation of the parts ? Locke.

      I am a part of all that I have met. Tennyson.

      2. Hence, specifically: An equal constituent portion; one of several or many like quantities, numbers, etc., into which anything is divided, or of which it is composed; proportional division or ingredient.

      An homer is the tenth part of an ephah. Ex. xvi. 36.

      A thought which, quartered, hath but one part wisdom,

      And ever three parts coward. Shak.

      A constituent portion of a living or spiritual whole; a member; an organ; an essential element.

      All the parts were formed . . . into one harmonious body. Locke.

      The pulse, the glow of every part. Keble.

      A constituent of character or capacity; quality; faculty; talent; -- usually in the plural with a collective sense. “Men of considerable parts.” Burke. “Great quickness of parts.” Macaulay.

      Which maintained so politic a state of evil, that they will not admit any good part to intermingle with them. Shak.

      Quarter; region; district; -- usually in the plural. “The uttermost part of the heaven.” Neh. i. 9.

      All parts resound with tumults, plaints, and fears. Dryden.

      ( Math. ) Such portion of any quantity, as when taken a certain number of times, will exactly make that quantity; as, “3 is a part of 12;” -- the opposite of multiple. Also, a line or other element of a geometrical figure.

      3. That which belongs to one, or which is assumed by one, or which falls to one, in a division or apportionment; share; portion; lot; interest; concern; duty; office.

      We have no part in David. 2 Sam. xx. 1.

      Accuse not Nature! she hath done her part;

      Do thou but thine. Milton.

      Let me bear

      My part of danger with an equal share. Dryden.

      4. Hence, specifically: One of the opposing parties or sides in a conflict or a controversy; a faction.

      For he that is not against us is on our part. Mark ix. 40.

      Make whole kingdoms take her brother's part. Waller.

      A particular character in a drama or a play; an assumed personification; also, the language, actions, and influence of a character or an actor in a play; or, figuratively, in real life; as, “to play the part of Macbeth”. See To act a part, under Act.

      That part

      Was aptly fitted and naturally performed. Shak.

      It was a brute part of him to kill so capital a calf. Shak.

      Honor and shame from no condition rise;

      Act well your part, there all the honor lies. Pope.

      ( Mus. ) One of the different melodies of a concerted composition, which heard in union compose its harmony; also, the music for each voice or instrument; as, “the treble, tenor, or bass part; the violin part, etc.”

      For my part, so far as concerns me; for my share. -- For the most part. See under Most, a. -- In good part, as well done; favorably; acceptably; in a friendly manner; as, “to take an act in good part”. Hooker. -- In ill part, unfavorably; with displeasure. -- In part, in some degree; partly. -- Part and parcel, an essential or constituent portion; -- a reduplicative phrase. Cf. might and main, kith and kin, etc. “She was . . . part and parcel of the race and place.” Howitt. -- Part of speech ( Gram. ), a sort or class of words of a particular character; “part of speech denoting the name of a thing; the verb is a part of speech which asserts something of the subject of a sentence”. -- Part owner ( Law ), one of several owners or tenants in common. See Joint tenant, under Joint. -- Part singing, singing in which two or more of the harmonic parts are taken. -- Part song, a song in two or more ( commonly four ) distinct vocal parts. “A part song differs from a madrigal in its exclusion of contrapuntual devices;
      from a glee, in its being sung by many voices, instead of by one only, to each part.” Stainer & Barrett.

      Syn. -- Portion; section; division; fraction; fragment; piece; share; constituent. See Portion, and Section.

    2. Part ( pärt ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Parted; p. pr. & vb. n. Parting.] [F. partir, L. partire, partiri, p. p. partitus, fr. pars, gen. partis, a part. See Part, n.]

      1. To divide; to separate into distinct parts; to break into two or more parts or pieces; to sever. “Thou shalt part it in pieces.” Lev. ii. 6.

      There, [celestial love] parted into rainbow hues. Keble.

      2. To divide into shares; to divide and distribute; to allot; to apportion; to share.

      To part his throne, and share his heaven with thee. Pope.

      They parted my raiment among them. John xix. 24.

      3. To separate or disunite; to cause to go apart; to remove from contact or contiguity; to sunder.

      The Lord do so to me, and more also, if aught but death part thee and me. Ruth i. 17.

      While he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. Luke xxiv. 51.

      The narrow seas that part

      The French and English. Shak.

      4. Hence: To hold apart; to stand between; to intervene betwixt, as combatants.

      The stumbling night did part our weary powers. Shak.

      5. To separate by a process of extraction, elimination, or secretion; as, “to part gold from silver”.

      The liver minds his own affair, . . .

      And parts and strains the vital juices. Prior.

      6. To leave; to quit. [Obs.]

      Since presently your souls must part your bodies. Shak.

      7. To separate ( a collection of objects ) into smaller collections; as, “to part one's hair in the middle”.

      To part a cable ( Naut. ), to break it. -- To part company, to separate, as travelers or companions.

    3. Part, v. i.
      1. To be broken or divided into parts or pieces; to break; to become separated; to go asunder; as, “rope parts; his hair parts in the middle.”

      2. To go away; to depart; to take leave; to quit each other; hence, to die; -- often with from.

      He wrung Bassanio's hand, and so they parted. Shak.

      He owned that he had parted from the duke only a few hours before. Macaulay.

      His precious bag, which he would by no means part from. G. Eliot.

      3. To perform an act of parting; to relinquish a connection of any kind; -- followed by with or from; as, “to part with one's money”.

      Celia, for thy sake, I part

      With all that grew so near my heart. Waller.

      Powerful hands . . . will not part

      Easily from possession won with arms. Milton.

      It was strange to him that a father should feel no tenderness at parting with an only son. A. Trollope.

      4. To have a part or share; to partake. [Obs.] “They shall part alike.” 1 Sam. xxx. 24.

    4. Part, adv. Partly; in a measure. [R.] Shak.