Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of participle
Meaning of participle by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From Old French participle ( 1388 ), ‘a noun-adjective’, variant of participe, from Latin participium .


    • ( RP ) IPA: /pɑːˈtɪsɪpəl/
    • ( US ) IPA: /ˈpɑːrtɪˌsɪpəl/


    participle ( plural: participles )

    1. ( grammar ) A form of a verb that may function as an adjective or noun. English has two types of participles: the present participle and the past participle .

    Usage notes

    Participles can be combined with the auxiliary verbs have and be to form the perfect aspect, the progressive aspect, and the passive voice. The tense is always expressed through the auxiliary verb .

    When not combined with have or be, participles are almost always adjectives and can form adjectival phrases called participial phrases. Nouns can occasionally be derived from these adjectives:

    In English, participles typically end in -ing, -ed or -en .

Explanation of participle by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. a non-finite form of the verb

    Definition of participle by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Participle n. [F. participe, L. participium, fr. particeps sharing, participant; pars, gen. partis, a part + capere to take. See Participate.]
      1. ( Gram. ) A part of speech partaking of the nature of both verb and adjective; a form of a verb, or verbal adjective, modifying a noun, but taking the adjuncts of the verb from which it is derived. In the sentences: a letter is written; being asleep he did not hear; exhausted by toil he will sleep soundly, -- written, being, and exhaustedare participles.

      By a participle, [I understand] a verb in an adjectival aspect. Earle.

      ☞ Present participles, called also imperfect, or incomplete, participles, end in -ing. Past participles, called also perfect, or complete, participles, for the most part end in -ed, -d, -t, -en, or -n. A participle when used merely as an attribute of a noun, without reference to time, is called an adjective, or a participial adjective; as, a written constitution; a rolling stone; the exhausted army. The verbal noun in -ing has the form of the present participle. See Verbal noun, under Verbal, a.

      2. Anything that partakes of the nature of different things. [Obs.]

      The participles or confines between plants and living creatures. Bacon.