Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of particle
Meaning of particle by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From Middle French particule, and its source, Latin particula ( “small part, particle” ), diminutive of pars ( “part, piece” ) .


    • ( UK ) IPA: /ˈpɑːtɪk( ə )l/
    • ( US ) IPA: /ˈpɑːɹdəkəl/
    • Rhymes: -ɑː( r )tɪkəl


    particle ( plural: particles )

    1. A very small piece of matter, a fragment; especially, the smallest possible part of something. [from 14th c.]
    2. ( linguistics ) A word that has a particular grammatical function but does not obviously belong to any particular part of speech, such as the word to in English infinitives or O as the vocative particle. [from 16th c.]
    3. ( physics ) Any of various physical objects making up the constituent parts of an atom; an elementary particle or subatomic particle. [from 19th c.]


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Explanation of particle by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. a function word that can be used in English to form phrasal verbs

    2. a body having finite mass and internal structure but negligible dimensions

    3. a tiny piece of anything

    Definition of particle by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Particle n. [L. particula, dim. of pars, gen partis, a part: cf. F. particule. See Part, and cf. Parcel.]
      1. A minute part or portion of matter; a morsel; a little bit; an atom; a jot; as, “a particle of sand, of wood, of dust”.

      The small size of atoms which unite

      To make the smallest particle of light. Blackmore.

      2. Any very small portion or part; the smallest portion; as, “he has not a particle of patriotism or virtue”.

      The houses had not given their commissioners authority in the least particle to recede. Clarendon.

      3. ( R. C. Ch. ) A crumb or little piece of consecrated host. The smaller hosts distributed in the communion of the laity. Bp. Fitzpatrick.

      4. ( Gram. ) A subordinate word that is never inflected ( a preposition, conjunction, interjection ); or a word that can not be used except in compositions; as, “ward in backward, ly in lovely”.

      4. ( Physics ) An elementary particle.