Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of potential
Meaning of potential by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From Late Latin potentialis, from Latin potentia ( “power” ), from potens ( “powerful” ); see potent .


    potential ( not comparable )

    1. Existing in possibility, not in actuality .
    2. ( archaic ) Being potent; endowed with energy adequate to a result; efficacious; influential .
    3. ( physics ) A potential field is an irrotational ( static ) field .
      From Maxwell equations ( 6.20 ) it follows that the electric field is potential: E( r ) = −gradφ( r ).[4]
    4. ( physics ) A potential flow is an irrotational flow .
      The non-viscous flow of the vacuum should be potential ( irrotational ).[5]
    5. ( grammar ) Referring to a verbal construction of form stating something is possible or probable .

    See also

    1. ^ Novello, M. ♦ VII Brazilian School of Cosmology and Gravitation, Rio de Janeiro, August 1993 Atlantica Séguier Frontières, 1994, p. 257 ♦ "In general, a system can have both translational and rotational accelerations, however. It follows from Einstein's principle of equivalence that locally—i.e., to the extent that spacetime curvature can be neglected—gravitational effects are the same as inertial effects; therefore, gravitation can be approximately described in terms of gravitoelectric and gravitomagnetic fields corresponding to translational and rotational inertia, respectively. This is the gravitational Larmor theorem [3], which is very useful in the post-Newtonian approximation to general relativity. The gravitomagnetic field of a massive rotating body is a measure of its absolute rotation."
    2. ^ Thorne, Kip S. ♦ Gravitomagnetism, Jets in Quasars, and the Stanford Gyroscope Experiment From the book "Near Zero: New Frontiers of Physics" ( eds. J.D. Fairbank, B.S. Deaver, Jr., C.W.F. Everitt, P.F. Michelson ), W.H. Freeman and Company, New York, 1988, pp. 3, 4 ( 575, 576 ) ♦ "From our electrodynamical experience we can infer immediately that any rotating spherical body ( e.g., the sun or the earth ) will be surrounded by a radial gravitoelectric ( Newtonian ) field g and a dipolar gravitomagnetic field H. The gravitoelectric monopole moment is the body's mass M; the gravitomagnetic dipole moment is its spin angular momentum S."
    3. ^ Grøn, Øyvind; Hervik, Sigbjørn ♦ Einstein's General Theory of Relativity with Modern Applications in Cosmology Springer, 2007, p. 203 ♦ "In the Newtonian theory there will not be any gravitomagnetic effects; the Newtonian potential is the same irrespective of whether or not the body is rotating. Hence the gravitomagnetic field is a purely relativistic effect. The gravitoelectric field is the Newtonian part of the gravitational field, while the gravitomagnetic field is the non-Newtonian part."
    4. ^ Soviet Physics, Uspekhi volume 40, issues 1–6, American Institute of Physics, 1997, p. 39
    5. ^ Volovik, Grigory E. ♦ The Universe in a Helium Droplet Oxford University Press, 2009, p. 60

    External links

    • potential in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • potential in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Explanation of potential by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. existing in possibility

    2. a potential problem
    3. expected to become or be

    4. potential clients
    1. the difference in electrical charge between two points in a circuit expressed in volts

    2. the inherent capacity for coming into being