Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of preposition
Meaning of preposition by Wiktionary Dictionary

preposition


    Etymology 1

    From Latin praepositio, from praeponere ( to place before ); prae ( before ) + ponere ( to put, place ); compare French préposition. ( See position, and compare provost. ) So called because it is usually placed before the word with which it is phrased, as in a bridge of iron, he comes from town, it is good for food, he escaped by running .

    Alternative form

    • præposition ( archaic )

    Pronunciation

    • enPR: prĕp-ə-zĭsh'ən, IPA: /ˌprɛpəˈzɪʃən/

    Noun

    preposition ( plural: prepositions )

    1. ( grammar ) Any of a closed class of non-inflecting words typically employed to connect a noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word: a particle used with a noun or pronoun ( in English always in the objective case ) to make a phrase limiting some other word .
    2. ( obsolete ) A proposition; an exposition; a discourse.
    Hypernyms
    • adposition
    Coordinate terms
    Derived terms
    Related terms

    See also

    Etymology 2

    From pre- + position

    Alternative form

    • pre-position

    Pronunciation

    • IPA: /ˈpriːpəˌzɪʃən/


Explanation of preposition by Wordnet Dictionary

preposition


    Noun
    1. a function word that combines with a noun or pronoun or noun phrase to form a prepositional phrase that can have an adverbial or adjectival relation to some other word

    2. the placing of one linguistic element before another ( as placing a modifier before the word it modifies in a sentence or placing an affix before the base to which it is attached )



    Definition of preposition by GCIDE Dictionary

    preposition


    1. Preposition n. [L. praepositio, fr. praeponere to place before; prae before + ponere to put, place: cf. F. préposition. See Position, and cf. Provost.]

      1. ( Gram. ) A word employed to connect a noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word; a particle used with a noun or pronoun ( in English always in the objective case ) to make a phrase limiting some other word; -- so called because usually placed before the word with which it is phrased; as, “a bridge of iron; he comes from town; it is good for food; he escaped by running.”

      2. A proposition; an exposition; a discourse. [Obs.]

      He made a long preposition and oration. Fabyan.