Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of privilege
Meaning of privilege by Wiktionary Dictionary

privilege


    Alternative forms

    • priviledg ( obsolete )
    • priviledge ( obsolete )

    Etymology

    From Old French privilège, from Latin privilegium ( “ an ordinance or law against or in favor of an individual” ), from privus ( “private” ) + lēx, legis ( “law” ) .

    Pronunciation

    • IPA: /ˈpɹɪvəlɛdʒ/ ( Canadian ) or /ˈpɹɪv( ə )lɪdʒ/ ( RP ) or /ˈpɹɪv( ə )lədʒ/

    Noun

    privilege ( plural: privileges )

    1. A peculiar benefit, advantage, or favor; a right or immunity not enjoyed by others or by all; special enjoyment of a good, or exemption from an evil or burden; a prerogative; advantage; franchise; preferential treatment.
    2. The status or existence of such benefit or advantage.
    3. ( law ) A common law doctrine that protects certain communications from being used as evidence in court.

    Synonyms

    • prerogative, immunity, franchise, right, claim, liberty, advantage

    Verb

    privilege ( third-person singular simple present privileges present participle privileging, simple past and past participle privileged )

    1. ( archaic ) To grant some particular right or exemption to; to invest with a peculiar right or immunity; to authorize; as, to privilege representatives from arrest .
    2. ( archaic ) To bring or put into a condition of privilege or exemption from evil or danger; to exempt; to deliver .

    Related terms

    • allege


Explanation of privilege by Wordnet Dictionary

privilege


    Verb
    1. bestow a privilege upon

    Noun
    1. a special advantage or immunity or benefit not enjoyed by all

    2. a right reserved exclusively by a particular person or group ( especially a hereditary or official right )

    3. the right to refuse to divulge information obtained in a confidential relationship



    Definition of privilege by GCIDE Dictionary

    privilege


    1. Privilege n. [F. privilège, L. privilegium an ordinance or law against or in favor of an individual; privus private + lex, legis, law. See Private, and Legal.]

      1. A peculiar benefit, advantage, or favor; a right or immunity not enjoyed by others or by all; special enjoyment of a good, or exemption from an evil or burden; a prerogative; advantage; franchise.

      He pleads the legal privilege of a Roman. Kettlewell.

      The privilege birthright was a double portion. Locke.

      A people inheriting privileges, franchises, and liberties. Burke.

      2. ( Stockbroker's Cant ) See Call, Put, Spread, etc.

      Breach of privilege. See under Breach. -- Question of privilege ( Parliamentary practice ), a question which concerns the security of a member of a legislative body in his special privileges as such. -- Water privilege, the advantage of having machinery driven by a stream, or a place affording such advantage. [ U. S.] -- Writ of privilege ( Law ), a writ to deliver a privileged person from custody when arrested in a civil suit. Blackstone.

      Syn. -- Prerogative; immunity; franchise; right; claim; liberty. -- Privilege, Prerogative. Privilege, among the Romans, was something conferred upon an individual by a private law; and hence, it denotes some peculiar benefit or advantage, some right or immunity, not enjoyed by the world at large. Prerogative, among the Romans, was the right of voting first; and, hence, it denotes a right of precedence, or of doing certain acts, or enjoying certain privileges, to the exclusion of others. It is the privilege of a member of Congress not to be called in question elsewhere for words uttered in debate. It is the prerogative of the president to nominate judges and executive officers. It is the privilege of a Christian child to be instructed in the true religion. It is the prerogative of a parent to govern and direct his children.

    2. Privilege v. t. [imp. & p. p. Privileged ; p. pr. & vb. n. Privileging.] [Cf. F. privilégier.]

      1. To grant some particular right or exemption to; to invest with a peculiar right or immunity; to authorize; as, “to privilege representatives from arrest”.

      To privilege dishonor in thy name. Shak.

      2. To bring or put into a condition of privilege or exemption from evil or danger; to exempt; to deliver.

      He took this place for sanctuary, And it shall privilege him from your hands. Shak.