Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of prove
Meaning of prove by Wiktionary Dictionary


    Etymology 1

    From Middle English proven, from Old English prōfian ( “to esteem, regard as, evince, try, prove” ), from Late Latin probō ( “test, try, examine, approve, show to be good or fit, prove”, v ), from probus ( “good, worthy, excellent” ), from Proto-Indo-European *pro-bhwo- ( “being in front, prominent” ), from Proto-Indo-European *pro-, *per- ( “toward” ) + Proto-Indo-European *bhu- ( “to be” ). Influenced by Old French prover, from the same Latin source. Displaced native Middle English sothen ( “to prove” ), from Old English sōþian ( “to prove” ). More at for, be .


    • IPA: /pɹuːv/
    • Rhymes: -uːv

    Alternative form


    prove ( third-person singular simple present proves present participle proving, simple past proved, past participle proved or proven )

    1. ( transitive ) To demonstrate that something is true or viable; to give proof for .
      I will prove my method is more effective than yours .
      The hypothesis has not been proven to our satisfaction .
    2. ( intransitive ) To turn out; to manifest .
      It proved to be a cold day .
    3. ( copulative ) To turn out to be .
      Have an exit strategy should your calculations prove incorrect .
    4. ( transitive ) To ( put to the ) test, proof
    5. ( archaic ) To experience
    Derived terms
    Related terms

    Etymology 2

    Simple past form of proove, conjugated in the Germanic strong declension, on the pattern of choosechose .


    • ( RP ) IPA: /pɹəʊv/



    1. Simple past of proove .


    External links

    • prove in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • prove in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Explanation of prove by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment

    2. prove formally

    3. obtain probate of

    4. prove a will
    5. provide evidence for

    6. take a trial impression of

    7. cause to puff up with a leaven

    8. increase in volume

    9. put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to

    10. be shown or be found to be

    11. She proved to be right

    Definition of prove by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Prove v. t. [imp. & p. p. Proved ; p. pr. & vb. n. Proving.] [OE. prover, F. prouver, fr. L. probare to try, approve, prove, fr. probus good, proper. Cf. Probable, Proof, Probe.]
      1. To try or to ascertain by an experiment, or by a test or standard; to test; as, “to prove the strength of gunpowder or of ordnance; to prove the contents of a vessel by a standard measure.”

      Thou hast proved mine heart. Ps. xvii. 3.

      2. To evince, establish, or ascertain, as truth, reality, or fact, by argument, testimony, or other evidence.

      They have inferred much from slender premises, and conjectured when they could not prove. J. H. Newman.

      3. To ascertain or establish the genuineness or validity of; to verify; as, “to prove a will”.

      4. To gain experience of the good or evil of; to know by trial; to experience; to suffer.

      Where she, captived long, great woes did prove. Spenser.

      5. ( Arith. ) To test, evince, ascertain, or verify, as the correctness of any operation or result; thus, in subtraction, if the difference between two numbers, added to the lesser number, makes a sum equal to the greater, the correctness of the subtraction is proved.

      6. ( Printing ) To take a trial impression of; to take a proof of; as, “to prove a page”.

      Syn. -- To try; verify; justify; confirm; establish; evince; manifest; show; demonstrate.

    2. Prove, v. i.
      1. To make trial; to essay.

      2. To be found by experience, trial, or result; to turn out to be; as, “a medicine proves salutary; the report proves false.” “The case proves mortal.” Arbuthnot.

      So life a winter's morn may prove. Keble.

      3. To succeed; to turn out as expected. [Obs.] “The experiment proved not.” Bacon.