Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of reference
Meaning of reference by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From refer +‎ -ence .


    • ( UK ) IPA: /ˈɹɛf.ɹəns/, /ˈɹɛf.ɜː( ɹ ).əns/, X-SAMPA: /"rEf.r@ns/, /"rEf.3:( r ).@ns/


    reference ( plural: references )

    1. A relationship or relation ( to something ).
    2. A measurement one can compare to .
    3. Information about a person, provided by someone ( a referee ) with whom they are well acquainted
    4. A reference work .
    5. ( semantics ) A relation between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object .
    6. ( academic writing ) A short written identification of a previously published work which is used as a source for a text .
    7. ( academic writing ) A previously published written work thus indicated; a source .
    8. ( programming ) An object containing information which refers to data stored elsewhere, as opposed to containing the data itself .
    9. ( programming, character entity ) A special sequence used to represent complex characters in a web page such as ™ or € .

    See also

    Usage notes

    External links

    • reference in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • reference in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Explanation of reference by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. refer to

    2. he referenced his colleagues' work
    1. the act of referring or consulting

    2. reference to an encyclopedia produced the answer
    3. the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression

    4. the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to

    5. he argued that reference is a consequence of conditioned reflexes
    6. the code that identifies where a piece of information is stored

    7. a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts

    8. he contributed articles to the basic reference work on that topic
    9. a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability

    10. requests for character references are all too often answered evasively
    11. a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage

    12. a remark that calls attention to something or someone

    13. the speaker made several references to his wife
    14. an indicator that orients you generally

    15. it is used as a reference for comparing the heating and the electrical energy involved
    16. a publication ( or a passage from a publication ) that is referred to

    17. he carried an armful of references back to his desk