Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of republic
Meaning of republic by Wiktionary Dictionary


    Alternative forms

    • republick ( obsolete )
    • republique ( obsolete )


    From French république ( “republic” ), derived from Latin rēs publica ( “republic” ), from rēs ( “thing” ) + pūblica ( “public” ); hence literally “the public thing” .


    • Hyphenation: re‧pub‧lic


    republic ( plural: republics )

    1. A state where sovereignty rests with the people or their representatives, rather than with a monarch or emperor; a country with no monarchy .
      The United States is a republic; The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy .
    2. ( archaic ) A state, which may or may not be a monarchy, in which the executive and legislative branches of government are separate .
      Republicanism is the political principle of the separation of the executive power ( the administration ) from the legislative; despotism is that of the autonomous execution by the state of laws which it has itself decreed. ... Therefore, we can say: the smaller the personnel of the government ( the smaller the number of rulers ), the greater is their representation and the more nearly the constitution approaches to the possibility of republicanism; thus the constitution may be expected by gradual reform finally to raise itself to republicanism ... None of the ancient so-called "republics" knew this system, and they all finally and inevitably degenerated into despotism under the sovereignty of one, which is the most bearable of all forms of despotism. — Immanuel Kant, Perpetual Peace
    3. One of the subdivisions constituting Russia. See oblast .
      The Republic of Udmurtia is west of the Permian Oblast .

    Derived terms

    Related terms

    See also

    • Republic on Wikipedia .

    External links

    • republic in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • republic in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
    • republic at OneLook Dictionary Search

Explanation of republic by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

    2. a form of government whose head of state is not a monarch

    3. the head of state in a republic is usually a president

    Definition of republic by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Republic ( r?-p?bl?k ), n. [F. république, L. respublica commonwealth; res a thing, an affair + publicus, publica, public. See Real, a., and Public.]

      1. Common weal. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

      2. A state in which the sovereign power resides in the whole body of the people, and is exercised by representatives elected by them; a commonwealth. Cf. Democracy, 2.

      ☞ In some ancient states called republics the sovereign power was exercised by an hereditary aristocracy or a privileged few, constituting a government now distinctively called an aristocracy. In some there was a division of authority between an aristocracy and the whole body of the people except slaves. No existing republic recognizes an exclusive privilege of any class to govern, or tolerates the institution of slavery.

      Republic of letters, The collective body of literary or learned men.