Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of rest
Meaning of rest by Wiktionary Dictionary



    • enPR: rĕst, IPA: /ɹɛst/, X-SAMPA: /rEst/
    • Rhymes: -ɛst
    • Homophone: wrest

    Etymology 1

    From Middle English rest, from Old English rest, ræst ( “rest, quiet, freedom from toil, repose, sleep, resting-place, a bed, couch, grave” ), from Proto-Germanic *rastō, *rastijō ( “rest” ), from Proto-Indo-European *ros-, *res-, *erH- ( “rest” ). Cognate with West Frisian rêst ( “rest” ), Dutch rust ( “rest” ), German Rast ( “rest” ), Old Irish árus ( “dwelling” ), German Ruhe ( “calm” ), Albanian resht ( “to stop,pause,break” ), Welsh araf ( “quiet, calm, gentle” ), Lithuanian rovà ( “calm” ), Ancient Greek ἐρωή ( erōē, “rest, respite” ), Avestan ( airime, “calm, peaceful” ), Sanskrit रमते ( rámate, “he stays still, calms down” ), Gothic ���������� ( rimis, “tranquility” ). Related to roo .


    rest ( countable and uncountable; plural: rests )

    1. ( uncountable, of a person or animal ) Relief from work or activity by sleeping; sleep .
      I need to get a good rest tonight, I was up late last night .
      The sun sets, and the workers go to their rest .
    2. ( countable ) Any relief from exertion; a state of quiet and relaxation .
      We took a rest at the top of the hill to get our breath back .
    3. ( uncountable ) Peace; freedom from worry, anxiety, annoyances; tranquility .
      It was nice to have a rest from the phone ringing when I unplugged it for a while .
    4. ( uncountable, of an object or concept ) A state of inactivity; a state of little or no motion; a state of completion .
      The boulder came to rest just behind the house after rolling down the mountain .
      The ocean was finally at rest .
      Now that we're all in agreement, we can put that issue to rest .
    5. ( uncountable ) A final position after death .
      She was laid to rest in the village cemetery .
    6. ( music, countable ) A pause of a specified length in a piece of music .
      Remember there's a rest at the end of the fourth bar .
    7. ( music, countable ) A written symbol indicating such a pause in a musical score such as in sheet music .
    8. ( physics, uncountable ) Absence of motion .
      The body's centre of gravity may affect its state of rest .
    9. ( snooker, countable ) A stick with a U-, V- or X-shaped head used to support the tip of a cue when the cue ball is otherwise out of reach .
      Higgins can't quite reach the white with his cue, so he'll be using the rest .
    10. ( countable ) Any object designed to be used to support something else .
      She put the phone receiver back in its rest .
      He placed his hands on the arm rests of the chair .
    Derived terms

    Etymology 2

    From Middle English resten, from Old English restan ( “to rest, cease from toil, be at rest, sleep, rest in death, lie dead, lie in the grave, remain unmoved or undisturbed, be still, rest from, remain, lie” ), from Proto-Germanic *rastijanan ( “to rest” ), from Proto-Indo-European *ros-, *res-, *erH- ( “rest” ). Cognate with Dutch rusten ( “to rest” ), Middle Low German resten ( “to rest” ), German rasten ( “to rest” ), Danish raste ( “to rest” ), Swedish rasta ( “to rest” ) .


    rest ( third-person singular simple present rests present participle resting, simple past and past participle rested )

    1. ( intransitive ) To cease from action, motion, work, or performance of any kind; stop; desist; be without motion .
    2. ( intransitive ) To come to a pause or an end; end .
    3. ( intransitive ) To be free from that which harasses or disturbs; be quiet or still; be undisturbed .
    4. ( intransitive, transitive, reflexive ) To be or to put into a state of rest .
      My day's work is over; now I will rest .
      • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book X:
        And thereby at a pryory they rested them all nyght .
      We need to rest the horses before we ride any further .
      I shall not rest until I have uncovered the truth .
      Rest assured that I will do my best .
    5. ( intransitive ) To stay, remain, be situated .
      The blame seems to rest with your father .
    6. ( transitive, intransitive, reflexive ) To lean, lie, or lay .
      I rested my head in my hands .
      She rested against my shoulder .
      I rested against the wall for a minute .
    7. ( intransitive, transitive, law, US ) To complete one's active advocacy in a trial or other proceeding, and thus to wait for the outcome ( however, one is still generally available to answer questions, etc. )
      The defense rests, your Honor .
      I rest my case .
    8. ( intransitive ) To sleep; slumber .
    9. ( intransitive ) To lie dormant .
    10. ( intransitive ) To sleep the final sleep; sleep in death; die; be dead .
    Derived terms

    Etymology 3

    Middle English reste, from Old French reste from Old French rester ( to remain ) from Latin restare ( “to stay back, stay behind” ) from re- +‎ stare ( to stand ). Replaced native Middle English lave "rest, remainder" ( from Old English lāf ( “remnant, remainder” ) ) .


    • enPR: rĕst, IPA: /rɛst/, X-SAMPA: /rEst/
    • Rhymes: -ɛst


    rest ( uncountable )

    1. ( uncountable ) That which remains .
      She ate some of the food, but was not hungry enough to eat it all, so she put the rest in the refrigerator to finish later .
    Derived terms




    From the Common Germanic root *rasto .


    rest f .

    1. rest
    2. resting place; bed


    By Wiktionary ( 2009/11/19 18:37 UTC Version )


    rest .

    1. restitution


    • erst,

Explanation of rest by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. be at rest

    2. stay the same

    3. rest assured
    4. take a short break from one's activities in order to relax

    5. give a rest to

    6. He rested his bad leg
      Rest the dogs for a moment
    7. rest on or as if on a pillow

    8. sit, as on a branch

    9. not move

    10. put something in a resting position, as for support or steadying

    11. Rest your head on my shoulder
    12. be inactive, refrain from acting

    13. The committee is resting over the summer
    14. be inherent or innate in

    15. have a place in relation to something else

    16. The responsibility rests with the Allies
    1. freedom from activity ( work or strain or responsibility )

    2. a support on which things can be put

    3. the gun was steadied on a special rest
    4. a musical notation indicating a silence of a specified duration

    5. something left after other parts have been taken away

    6. he threw away the rest
    7. euphemisms for death ( based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb )

    8. she was laid to rest beside her husband
    9. a state of inaction

    10. a body will continue in a state of rest until acted upon
    11. a pause for relaxation

    12. people actually accomplish more when they take time for short rests

    Definition of rest by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Rest ( rĕst ), v. t. [For arrest.] To arrest. [Obs.]

    2. Rest, n. [AS. rest, ræst, rest; akin to D. rust, G. rast. OHG. rasta, Dan. & Sw. rast rest, repose, Icel. röst the distance between two resting places, a mole, Goth. rasta a mile, also to Goth. razn house, Icel. rann, and perhaps to G. ruhe rest, repose, AS. rōw, Gr. ἐρωή. Cf. Ransack.]
      1. A state of quiet or repose; a cessation from motion or labor; tranquillity; as, “rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind”. Chaucer.

      Sleep give thee all his rest! Shak.

      2. Hence, freedom from everything which wearies or disturbs; peace; security.

      And the land had rest fourscore years. Judges iii. 30.

      3. Sleep; slumber; hence, poetically, death.

      How sleep the brave who sink to rest,

      By all their country's wishes blest. Collins.

      4. That on which anything rests or leans for support; as, “a rest in a lathe, for supporting the cutting tool or steadying the work”.

      He made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house. 1 Kings vi. 6.

      5. ( Anc. Armor ) A projection from the right side of the cuirass, serving to support the lance.

      Their visors closed, their lances in the rest. Dryden.

      6. A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an inn, or permanently, as, in an abode. “Halfway houses and travelers' rests.” J. H. Newman.

      In dust our final rest, and native home. Milton.

      Ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you. Deut. xii. 9.

      7. ( Pros. ) A short pause in reading verse; a caesura.

      8. The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a running account. “An account is said to be taken with annual or semiannual rests.” Abbott.

      9. A set or game at tennis. [Obs.]

      10. ( Mus. ) Silence in music or in one of its parts; the name of the character that stands for such silence. They are named as notes are, whole, half, quarter,etc.

      Rest house, an empty house for the accomodation of travelers; a caravansary. [India] -- To set one's rest or To set up one's rest, to have a settled determination; -- from an old game of cards, when one so expressed his intention to stand or rest upon his hand. [Obs.] Shak. Bacon.

      Syn. -- Cessation; pause; intermission; stop; stay; repose; slumber; quiet; ease; quietness; stillness; tranquillity; peacefulness; peace. -- Rest, Repose. Rest is a ceasing from labor or exertion; repose is a mode of resting which gives relief and refreshment after toil and labor. The words are commonly interchangeable.

    3. Rest ( rĕst ), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Rested; p. pr. & vb. n. Resting.] [AS. restan. See Rest, n.]
      1. To cease from action or motion, especially from action which has caused weariness; to desist from labor or exertion.

      God . . . rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Gen. ii. 2.

      Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest. Ex. xxiii. 12.

      2. To be free from whatever wearies or disturbs; to be quiet or still.

      There rest, if any rest can harbor there. Milton.

      3. To lie; to repose; to recline; to lan; as, “to rest on a couch”.

      4. To stand firm; to be fixed; to be supported; as, “a column rests on its pedestal”.

      5. To sleep; to slumber; hence, poetically, to be dead.

      Fancy . . . then retries

      Into her private cell when Nature rests. Milton.

      6. To lean in confidence; to trust; to rely; to repose without anxiety; as, “to rest on a man's promise”.

      On him I rested, after long debate,

      And not without considering, fixed my fate. Dryden.

      7. To be satisfied; to acquiesce.

      To rest in Heaven's determination. Addison.

      To rest with, to be in the power of; to depend upon; as, it rests with him to decide.

    4. Rest, v. t.
      1. To lay or place at rest; to quiet.

      Your piety has paid

      All needful rites, to rest my wandering shade. Dryden.

      2. To place, as on a support; to cause to lean.

      Her weary head upon your bosom rest. Waller.

    5. Rest, n. [F. reste, fr. rester to remain, L. restare to stay back, remain; pref. re- re- + stare to stand, stay. See Stand, and cf. Arrest, Restive.] ( With the definite article. )
      1. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder; residue.

      Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the present comfort of having done our duty, and, for the rest, it offers us the best security that Heaven can give. Tillotson.

      2. Those not included in a proposition or description; the remainder; others. “Plato and the rest of the philosophers.” Bp. Stillingfleet.

      Armed like the rest, the Trojan prince appears. Dryden.

      3. ( Com. ) A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities. [Eng.]

      Syn. -- Remainder; overplus; surplus; remnant; residue; reserve; others.

    6. Rest, v. i. [F. rester. See Rest remainder.] To be left; to remain; to continue to be.

      The affairs of men rest still uncertain. Shak.