- enPR: rĕst, IPA: /ɹɛst/, X-SAMPA: /rEst/
- Rhymes: -ɛst
- Homophone: wrest
- ( uncountable, of a person or animal ) Relief from work or activity by sleeping; sleep .
- ( countable ) Any relief from exertion; a state of quiet and relaxation .
- ( uncountable ) Peace; freedom from worry, anxiety, annoyances; tranquility .
- ( uncountable, of an object or concept ) A state of inactivity; a state of little or no motion; a state of completion .
- ( uncountable ) A final position after death .
- ( music, countable ) A pause of a specified length in a piece of music .
- ( music, countable ) A written symbol indicating such a pause in a musical score such as in sheet music .
- ( physics, uncountable ) Absence of motion .
- ( snooker, countable ) A stick with a U-, V- or X-shaped head used to support the tip of a cue when the cue ball is otherwise out of reach .
- ( countable ) Any object designed to be used to support something else .
- ( sleep ): sleep, slumber
- ( relief from exertion ): break, repose, time off
- ( freedom from trouble ): peace, quiet, roo, silence, stillness, tranquility
- ( repose afforded by death ): peace
- ( object designed to be used to support something else ): cradle ( of a telephone ), support
- ( object designed to be used to support something else ): arm rest, elbow rest, foot rest, head rest, leg rest, neck rest, wrist rest
- ( pause of specified length in a piece of music ): breve rest, demisemiquaver rest, hemidemisemiquaver rest, minim rest, quaver rest, semibreve rest, semiquaver rest
- arm rest
- at rest
- bed rest
- breve rest
- chin rest
- crotchet rest
- day of rest
- demisemiquaver rest
- elbow rest
- foot rest
- gun rest
- head rest
- hemidemisemiquaver rest
- incisal rest
- lay to rest
- leg rest
- minim rest
- neck rest
- parade rest
- put to rest
- ( intransitive ) To cease from action, motion, work, or performance of any kind; stop; desist; be without motion .
- ( intransitive ) To come to a pause or an end; end .
- ( intransitive ) To be free from that which harasses or disturbs; be quiet or still; be undisturbed .
- ( intransitive, transitive, reflexive ) To be or to put into a state of rest .
- 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book X:
- We need to rest the horses before we ride any further .
- I shall not rest until I have uncovered the truth .
- Rest assured that I will do my best .
- ( intransitive ) To stay, remain, be situated .
- ( transitive, intransitive, reflexive ) To lean, lie, or lay .
- ( intransitive, transitive, law, US ) To complete one's active advocacy in a trial or other proceeding, and thus to wait for the outcome ( however, one is still generally available to answer questions, etc. )
- ( intransitive ) To sleep; slumber .
- ( intransitive ) To lie dormant .
- ( intransitive ) To sleep the final sleep; sleep in death; die; be dead .
- ( lie down and take repose, especially by sleeping ): relax
- ( give rest to ): relieve
- ( stop working ): have a breather, pause, take a break, take time off, take time out
- ( be situated ): be, lie, remain, reside, stay
- ( transitive: lean, lay ): lay, lean, place, put
- ( intransitive: lie, lean ): lean, lie
- enPR: rĕst, IPA: /rɛst/, X-SAMPA: /rEst/
- Rhymes: -ɛst
- ( uncountable ) That which remains .
- rest assured
- Rest ( rĕst ), v. t. [For arrest.] To arrest. [Obs.]
- Rest, n. [AS. rest, ræst, rest; akin to D. rust, G. rast. OHG. rasta, Dan. & Sw. rast rest, repose, Icel. röst the distance between two resting places, a mole, Goth. rasta a mile, also to Goth. razn house, Icel. rann, and perhaps to G. ruhe rest, repose, AS. rōw, Gr. ἐρωή. Cf. Ransack.]
1. A state of quiet or repose; a cessation from motion or labor; tranquillity; as, “rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind”. Chaucer.
Sleep give thee all his rest! Shak.
2. Hence, freedom from everything which wearies or disturbs; peace; security.
And the land had rest fourscore years. Judges iii. 30.
3. Sleep; slumber; hence, poetically, death.
How sleep the brave who sink to rest,
By all their country's wishes blest. Collins.
4. That on which anything rests or leans for support; as, “a rest in a lathe, for supporting the cutting tool or steadying the work”.
He made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house. 1 Kings vi. 6.
5. ( Anc. Armor ) A projection from the right side of the cuirass, serving to support the lance.
Their visors closed, their lances in the rest. Dryden.
6. A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an inn, or permanently, as, in an abode. “Halfway houses and travelers' rests.” J. H. Newman.
In dust our final rest, and native home. Milton.
Ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you. Deut. xii. 9.
7. ( Pros. ) A short pause in reading verse; a caesura.
8. The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a running account. “An account is said to be taken with annual or semiannual rests.” Abbott.
9. A set or game at tennis. [Obs.]
10. ( Mus. ) Silence in music or in one of its parts; the name of the character that stands for such silence. They are named as notes are, whole, half, quarter,etc.
Rest house, an empty house for the accomodation of travelers; a caravansary. [India] -- To set one's rest or To set up one's rest, to have a settled determination; -- from an old game of cards, when one so expressed his intention to stand or rest upon his hand. [Obs.] Shak. Bacon.
Syn. -- Cessation; pause; intermission; stop; stay; repose; slumber; quiet; ease; quietness; stillness; tranquillity; peacefulness; peace. -- Rest, Repose. Rest is a ceasing from labor or exertion; repose is a mode of resting which gives relief and refreshment after toil and labor. The words are commonly interchangeable.
- Rest ( rĕst ), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Rested; p. pr. & vb. n. Resting.] [AS. restan. See Rest, n.]
1. To cease from action or motion, especially from action which has caused weariness; to desist from labor or exertion.
God . . . rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Gen. ii. 2.
Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest. Ex. xxiii. 12.
2. To be free from whatever wearies or disturbs; to be quiet or still.
There rest, if any rest can harbor there. Milton.
3. To lie; to repose; to recline; to lan; as, “to rest on a couch”.
4. To stand firm; to be fixed; to be supported; as, “a column rests on its pedestal”.
5. To sleep; to slumber; hence, poetically, to be dead.
Fancy . . . then retries
Into her private cell when Nature rests. Milton.
6. To lean in confidence; to trust; to rely; to repose without anxiety; as, “to rest on a man's promise”.
On him I rested, after long debate,
And not without considering, fixed my fate. Dryden.
7. To be satisfied; to acquiesce.
To rest in Heaven's determination. Addison.
To rest with, to be in the power of; to depend upon; as, it rests with him to decide.
- Rest, v. t.
1. To lay or place at rest; to quiet.
Your piety has paid
All needful rites, to rest my wandering shade. Dryden.
2. To place, as on a support; to cause to lean.
Her weary head upon your bosom rest. Waller.
- Rest, n. [F. reste, fr. rester to remain, L. restare to stay back, remain; pref. re- re- + stare to stand, stay. See Stand, and cf. Arrest, Restive.] ( With the definite article. )
1. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder; residue.
Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the present comfort of having done our duty, and, for the rest, it offers us the best security that Heaven can give. Tillotson.
2. Those not included in a proposition or description; the remainder; others. “Plato and the rest of the philosophers.” Bp. Stillingfleet.
Armed like the rest, the Trojan prince appears. Dryden.
3. ( Com. ) A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities. [Eng.]
Syn. -- Remainder; overplus; surplus; remnant; residue; reserve; others.
- Rest, v. i. [F. rester. See Rest remainder.] To be left; to remain; to continue to be.
The affairs of men rest still uncertain. Shak.
From Middle English rest, from Old English rest, ræst ( “rest, quiet, freedom from toil, repose, sleep, resting-place, a bed, couch, grave” ), from Proto-Germanic *rastō, *rastijō ( “rest” ), from Proto-Indo-European *ros-, *res-, *erH- ( “rest” ). Cognate with West Frisian rêst ( “rest” ), Dutch rust ( “rest” ), German Rast ( “rest” ), Old Irish árus ( “dwelling” ), German Ruhe ( “calm” ), Albanian resht ( “to stop,pause,break” ), Welsh araf ( “quiet, calm, gentle” ), Lithuanian rovà ( “calm” ), Ancient Greek ἐρωή ( erōē, “rest, respite” ), Avestan ( airime, “calm, peaceful” ), Sanskrit रमते ( rámate, “he stays still, calms down” ), Gothic ( rimis, “tranquility” ). Related to roo .
From Middle English resten, from Old English restan ( “to rest, cease from toil, be at rest, sleep, rest in death, lie dead, lie in the grave, remain unmoved or undisturbed, be still, rest from, remain, lie” ), from Proto-Germanic *rastijanan ( “to rest” ), from Proto-Indo-European *ros-, *res-, *erH- ( “rest” ). Cognate with Dutch rusten ( “to rest” ), Middle Low German resten ( “to rest” ), German rasten ( “to rest” ), Danish raste ( “to rest” ), Swedish rasta ( “to rest” ) .
Middle English reste, from Old French reste from Old French rester ( to remain ) from Latin restare ( “to stay back, stay behind” ) from re- + stare ( to stand ). Replaced native Middle English lave "rest, remainder" ( from Old English lāf ( “remnant, remainder” ) ) .
From the Common Germanic root *rasto .
By Wiktionary ( 2009/11/19 18:37 UTC Version )
Explanation of rest by Wordnet Dictionary
Definition of rest by GCIDE Dictionary