- enPR: rōst, IPA: /rəʊst/, X-SAMPA: /r@Ust/
- Rhymes: -əʊst
- ( transitive ) To cook food by heating in an oven or over fire without covering, resulting in a crisp, possibly even slightly charred appearance to the food .
- ( transitive ) To process by drying through exposure to sun or artificial heat
- ( figuratively ) ( transitive ) To admonish someone vigorously
- ( figuratively ) ( transitive ) To subject to bantering, severely criticize, sometimes as a comedy routine .
- ( intransitive ) To undergo roasting in any of the above senses
- Astro, ratos, rotas, sorta, taros
From Middle English rosten, from Old French rostir ( “to roast” ) ( Modern French: rôtir ), of Germanic origin, from Old Frankish *rōstjan ( “to roast” ), from Proto-Germanic *raustijanan ( “to roast” ), from Proto-Indo-European *reus- ( “to crasckle, roast” ). Cognate with Dutch roosteren ( “to roast” ), German rösten ( “to roast” ) .
Explanation of roast by Wordnet Dictionary
- roast the turkey
- Roast v. t. [imp. & p. p. Roasted; p. pr. & vb. n. Roasting.] [OE. rosten, OF. rostir, F. rôtir; of German origin; cf. OHG. rōsten, G. rösten, fr. OHG. rōst, rōsta, gridiron, G. rost; cf. AS. hyrstan to roast.]
1. To cook by exposure to radiant heat before a fire; as, “to roast meat on a spit, or in an oven open toward the fire and having reflecting surfaces within”; also, to cook in a close oven.
2. To cook by surrounding with hot embers, ashes, sand, etc.; as, “to roast a potato in ashes”.
In eggs boiled and roasted there is scarce difference to be discerned. BAcon.
3. To dry and parch by exposure to heat; as, “to roast coffee; to roast chestnuts, or peanuts.”
4. Hence, to heat to excess; to heat violently; to burn. “Roasted in wrath and fire.” Shak.
5. ( Metal. ) To dissipate by heat the volatile parts of, as ores.
6. To banter severely. [Colloq.] Atterbury.
- Roast, v. i.
1. To cook meat, fish, etc., by heat, as before the fire or in an oven.
He could roast, and seethe, and broil, and fry. Chaucer.
2. To undergo the process of being roasted.
- Roast, n. That which is roasted; a piece of meat which has been roasted, or is suitable for being roasted.
A fat swan loved he best of any roost [roast]. Chaucer.
To rule the roast, to be at the head of affairs. “The new-made duke that rules the roast.” Shak.
- Roast, a. [For roasted.] Roasted; as, “roast beef”.
Definition of roast by GCIDE Dictionary