Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of round
Meaning of round by Wiktionary Dictionary

round


    Pronunciation

    • ( UK, US ) IPA: /ˈɹaʊnd/, X-SAMPA: /"raUnd/
    • Rhymes: -aʊnd

    Etymology 1

    From Old French ront, runt ( > French rond ), representing an earlier *rodond, from Latin rotundus ( > Italian rotondo, Provençal redon, Spanish redondo etc. ). The noun developed partly from the adjective and partly from the corresponding French noun rond. Compare rotund and rotunda .

    Adjective

    round ( comparative rounder or more round, superlative roundest or most round )

    1. Circular or cylindrical; having a circular cross-section in one direction .
      We sat at a round table to make conversation easier .
    2. Spherical; shaped like a ball; having a circular cross-section in more than one direction .
      The ancient Egyptian demonstrated that the Earth is round, not flat .
    3. Lacking sharp angles; having gentle curves .
      Our child's bed has round corners for safety .
    4. Plump
    5. Complete, whole, not lacking .
      The baker sold us a round dozen .
    6. ( of a number ) Convenient for rounding other numbers to; for example, ending in a zero .
      One hundred is a nice round number .
    7. ( linguistics ) Pronounced with the lips drawn together .
    Synonyms
    Derived terms
    Derived terms

    Noun

    round ( plural: rounds )

    1. A circular object.
    2. A circular or repetitious route; hospital rounds .
      The guards have started their rounds; the prisoner should be caught soon .
    3. An general outburst from a group of people at an event .
      The candidate got a round of applause after every sentence or two .
    4. A song that is sung by groups of people with each subset of people starting at a different time .
    5. A serving of something; a portion of something to each person in a group .
      They brought us a round of drinks about every thirty minutes .
    6. A single individual portion or dose of medicine.
    7. ( art ) A long-bristled, circular-headed paintbrush used in oil and acrylic painting .
    8. A firearm cartridge, bullet, or any individual ammunition projectile. Originally referring to the spherical projectile ball of a smoothbore firearm. Compare round shot and solid shot .
    9. ( sports ) One of the specified pre-determined segments of the total time of a sport event, such as a boxing or wrestling match, during which contestants compete before being signaled to stop.
    10. ( sports ) A stage in a competition .
      qualifying rounds of the championship
    11. ( sports ) In some sports, e.g. golf or showjumping: one complete way around the course .
    12. ( engineering, drafting, CAD ) A rounded relief or cut at an edge, especially an outside edge, added for a finished appearance and to soften sharp edges .
    13. A strip of material with a circular face that covers an edge, gap, or crevice for decorative, sanitary, or security purposes .
      All furniture in the nursery had rounds on the edges and in the crevices .
    14. ( butchery ) The hindquarters of a bovine .
    15. ( dated ) A rung, as of a ladder .
    Synonyms
    Antonyms
    Derived terms

    Preposition

    round

    1. ( rare in US ) Alternative form of around .
      I look round the room quick to make sure it's neat looking .
    Derived terms

    Adverb

    round ( not comparable )

    1. Alternative form of around .

    Verb

    round ( third-person singular simple present rounds present participle rounding, simple past and past participle rounded )

    1. ( transitive ) To shape something into a curve .
      The carpenter rounded the edges of the table .
    2. ( intransitive ) To become shaped into a curve.
    3. ( with "out" ) To finish; to complete; to fill out .
      She rounded out her education with only a single mathematics class .
    4. ( intransitive ) To approximate a number, especially a decimal number by the closest whole number .
      Ninety-five rounds up to one hundred .
    5. ( transitive ) To turn past a boundary .
      Helen watched him until he rounded the corner .
    6. ( intransitive ) To turn and attack someone or something ( used with on ) .
      As a group of policemen went past him, one of them rounded on him, grabbing him by the arm .
    7. ( transitive, baseball ) To advance to home plate .
      And the runners round the bases on the double by Jones .
    8. ( transitive ) To go round, pass, go past
    Derived terms

    See also

    • 'round

    Etymology 2

    From Middle English rounen, from Old English rūnian ( “to whisper, talk low, talk secrets, consipre, talk secretly” ), from Proto-Germanic *rūnōnan ( “to talk secrets, whisper, decide” ), *raunijanan ( “to investigate, examine, prove” ), from Proto-Indo-European *( e )rewə-, *( e )rwō- ( “to trace, find out, look out” ). Cognate with Scots roun ( “to converse with in whispers, speak privately” ), Middle Low German rūnen ( “to whisper” ), Middle Dutch ruinen ( “to whisper” ), German raunen ( “to whisper, murmur” ), Old English rūn ( “whisper, secret, mystery” ), Swedish röna ( “to meet with, experience” ). More at rune .

    Verb

    round ( third-person singular simple present rounds present participle rounding, simple past and past participle rounded )

    1. ( intransitive, archaic or dialectal, Northern England, Scotland ) To speak in a low tone; whisper; speak secretly; take counsel .
    2. ( transitive, archaic or dialectal, Northern England, Scotland ) To address or speak to in a whisper, utter in a whisper .

    Etymology 3

    From Middle English roun, from Old English rūn ( “whisper, secret, mystery” ), from Proto-Germanic *rūnō, *raunō ( “a whisper, secret, secret sign” ), from Proto-Indo-European *( e )rewə-, *( e )rwō- ( “to trace, find out, look out” ). Cognate with Scots roun, round ( “a whisper, secret story” ), German Rune ( “rune” ), Swedish rön ( “findings, observations, experience” ) .

    Noun

    round ( plural: rounds )

    1. ( archaic or dialectal, Northern England, Scotland ) A whisper; whispering .
    2. ( archaic or dialectal, Northern England, Scotland ) Discourse; song .

    Statistics


    'round

    By Wiktionary ( 2011/09/06 21:23 UTC Version )

    Preposition

    'round

    1. Contraction of around .


Explanation of round by Wordnet Dictionary

round


    Verb
    1. become round, plump, or shapely

    2. make round

    3. round the edges
    4. express as a round number

    5. round off the amount
    6. bring to a highly developed, finished, or refined state

    7. attack in speech or writing

    8. pronounce with rounded lips

    9. wind around

    10. round the bend
    Adverb
    1. from beginning to end

    2. It rains all year round on Skye
      frigid weather the year around
    Adjective
    1. expressed to the nearest integer, ten, hundred, or thousand

    2. in round numbers
    3. ( of sounds ) full and rich

    4. having a circular shape

    Noun
    1. the usual activities in your day

    2. the doctor made his rounds
    3. the activity of playing 18 holes of golf

    4. a round of golf takes about 4 hours
    5. a series of professional calls ( usually in a set order )

    6. the doctor goes on his rounds first thing every morning
      the postman's rounds
      we enjoyed our round of the local bars
    7. any circular or rotating mechanism

    8. a charge of ammunition for a single shot

    9. a crosspiece between the legs of a chair

    10. an outburst of applause

    11. there was a round of applause
    12. a partsong in which voices follow each other

    13. they enjoyed singing rounds
    14. a cut of beef between the rump and the lower leg

    15. a serving to each of a group ( usually alcoholic )

    16. he ordered a second round
    17. a regular route for a sentry or policeman

    18. the course along which communications spread

    19. the story is going the rounds in Washington
    20. a division during which one team is on the offensive

    21. an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs



    Definition of round by GCIDE Dictionary

    round


    1. Round v. i. & t. [From Roun.] To whisper. [obs.] Shak. Holland.

      The Bishop of Glasgow rounding in his ear, “Ye are not a wise man,” . . . he rounded likewise to the bishop, and said, “Wherefore brought ye me here?” Calderwood.

    2. Round, a. [OF. roond, roont, reond, F. rond, fr. L. rotundus, fr. rota wheel. See Rotary, and cf. Rotund, roundel, Rundlet.]
      1. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical; circular; having a form approaching a spherical or a circular shape; orbicular; globular; as, “a round ball”. “The big, round tears.” Shak.

      Upon the firm opacous globe

      Of this round world. Milton.

      2. Having the form of a cylinder; cylindrical; as, “the barrel of a musket is round”.

      3. Having a curved outline or form; especially, one like the arc of a circle or an ellipse, or a portion of the surface of a sphere; rotund; bulging; protuberant; not angular or pointed; as, “a round arch; round hills.” “Their round haunches gored.” Shak.

      4. Full; complete; not broken; not fractional; approximately in even units, tens, hundreds, thousands, etc.; -- said of numbers.

      Pliny put a round number near the truth, rather than the fraction. Arbuthnot.

      5. Not inconsiderable; large; hence, generous; free; as, “a round price”.

      Three thousand ducats; 'tis a good round sum. Shak.

      Round was their pace at first, but slackened soon. Tennyson.

      6. Uttered or emitted with a full tone; as, “a round voice; a round note.”

      7. ( Phonetics ) Modified, as a vowel, by contraction of the lip opening, making the opening more or less round in shape; rounded; labialized; labial. See Guide to Pronunciation, § 11.

      8. Outspoken; plain and direct; unreserved; unqualified; not mincing; as, “a round answer; a round oath.” “The round assertion.” M. Arnold.

      Sir Toby, I must be round with you. Shak.

      9. Full and smoothly expanded; not defective or abrupt; finished; polished; -- said of style, or of authors with reference to their style. [Obs.]

      In his satires Horace is quick, round, and pleasant. Peacham.

      10. Complete and consistent; fair; just; -- applied to conduct.

      Round dealing is the honor of man's nature. Bacon.

      At a round rate, rapidly. Dryden. -- In round numbers, approximately in even units, tens, hundreds, etc.; as, “a bin holding 99 or 101 bushels may be said to hold in round numbers 100 bushels”. -- Round bodies ( Geom. ), the sphere right cone, and right cylinder. -- Round clam ( Zool. ), the quahog. -- Round dance one which is danced by couples with a whirling or revolving motion, as the waltz, polka, etc. -- Round game, a game, as of cards, in which each plays on his own account. -- Round hand, a style of penmanship in which the letters are formed in nearly an upright position, and each separately distinct; -- distinguished from running hand. -- Round robin. [Perhaps F. round round + ruban ribbon.] A written petition, memorial, remonstrance, protest, etc., the signatures to which are made in a circle so as not to indicate who signed first. “No round robins signed by the whole main deck of the Academy or the Porch.” De Quincey. ( Zool. ) The cigar fish. -- Round shot, a solid spherical projectile for
      ordnance. -- Round Table, the table about which sat King Arthur and his knights. See Knights of the Round Table, under Knight. -- Round tower, one of certain lofty circular stone towers, tapering from the base upward, and usually having a conical cap or roof, which crowns the summit, -- found chiefly in Ireland. They are of great antiquity, and vary in heigh from thirty-five to one hundred and thiry feet. -- Round trot, one in which the horse throws out his feet roundly; a full, brisk, quick trot. Addison. -- Round turn ( Naut. ), one turn of a rope round a timber, a belaying pin, etc. -- To bring up with a round turn, to stop abruptly. [Colloq.]

      Syn. -- Circular; spherical; globular; globase; orbicular; orbed; cylindrical; full; plump; rotund.

    3. Round ( round ), n.
      1. Anything round, as a circle, a globe, a ring. “The golden round” [the crown]. Shak.

      In labyrinth of many a round self-rolled. Milton.

      2. A series of changes or events ending where it began; a series of like events recurring in continuance; a cycle; a periodical revolution; as, “the round of the seasons; a round of pleasures.”

      3. Hence: A course ending where it began; a circuit; a beat; especially, one freguently or regulary traversed; also, the act of traversing a circuit; as, “a watchman's round; the rounds of the postman”.

      4. A series of duties or tasks which must be performed in turn, and then repeated.

      the trivial round, the common task. Keble.

      5. Hence: ( Mining, Tunneling ) One work cycle, consisting of drilling blast holes, loading them with explosive, blasting, mucking out, and, if necessary, installing temporary support.

      [RH]

      . . . Inco is still much more advanced than other mining companies. He says that the LKAB mine in Sweden is the closest rival. He predicts that, by 2008, Inco can reach a new productivity plateau, doubling the current mining productivity from 3,350 tonnes to 6,350 tonnes per person per year. Another aim is to triple the mine cycle rate ( the time to drill, blast and muck a round ) from one cycle to three complete cycles per 24 hours. http://www.canadianminingjournal.com/issues/apr00/page10.asp

      6. A course of action or conduct performed by a number of persons in turn, or one after another, as if seated in a circle.

      Women to cards may be compared: we play

      A round or two; which used, we throw away. Granville.

      The feast was served; the bowl was crowned;

      To the king's pleasure went the mirthful round. Prior.

      7. Hence: A complete set of plays in a game or contest covering a standard number of individual plays or parts; as, “a round of golf; a round of tennis”.

      8. Hence: One set of games in a tournament.

      9. The time during which prize fighters or boxers are in actual contest without an intermission, as prescribed by their rules; a bout.

      10. A circular dance.

      Come, knit hands, and beat the ground,

      In a light fantastic round. Milton.

      11. That which goes round a whole circle or company; as, “a round of applause”.

      12. Rotation, as in office; succession. Holyday.

      13. The step of a ladder; a rundle or rung; also, a crosspiece which joins and braces the legs of a chair.

      All the rounds like Jacob's ladder rise. Dryden.

      14. ( Mil. ) A walk performed by a guard or an officer round the rampart of a garrison, or among sentinels, to see that the sentinels are faithful and all things safe; also, the guard or officer, with his attendants, who performs this duty; -- usually in the plural. A general discharge of firearms by a body of troops in which each soldier fires once. One piece of ammunition for a firearm, used by discharging one piece at a time; as, “each soldier carried a hundred rounds of ammunition”.

      15. ( Mus. ) A short vocal piece, resembling a catch in which three or four voices follow each other round in a species of canon in the unison.

      16. A brewer's vessel in which the fermentation is concluded, the yeast escaping through the bunghole.

      17. A vessel filled, as for drinking; as, “to drink a round od ale together”. [R.]

      18. An assembly; a group; a circle; as, “a round of politicians”. Addison.

      19. ( Naut. ) See Roundtop.

      20. Same as Round of beef, below.

      Gentlemen of the round. Gentlemen soldiers of low rank who made the rounds. See 10 above. Disbanded soldiers who lived by begging. [Obs.]

      Worm-eaten gentlemen of the round, such as have vowed to sit on the skirts of the city, let your provost and his half dozen of halberdiers do what they can. B. Jonson.

      -- Round of beef, the part of the thigh below the aitchbone, or between the rump and the leg. See Illust. of beef. -- Round steak, a beefsteak cut from the round. -- Sculpture in the round, sculpture giving the full form, as of man; statuary, distinguished from relief.


    4. Round, adv.
      1. On all sides; around.

      Round he throws his baleful eyes. Milton.

      2. Circularly; in a circular form or manner; by revolving or reversing one's position; as, “to turn one's head round; a wheel turns round.”

      3. In circumference; as, “a ball is ten inches round”.

      4. From one side or party to another; as to come or turn round, -- that is, to change sides or opinions.

      5. By or in a circuit; by a course longer than the direct course; back to the starting point.

      6. Through a circle, as of friends or houses.

      The invitations were sent round accordingly. Sir W. Scott.

      7. Roundly; fully; vigorously. [Obs.] Chaucer.

      All round, over the whole place; in every direction. -- All-round, of general capacity; as, “an all-round man”. [Colloq.] -- To bring one round. To cause one to change his opinions or line of conduct. To restore one to health. [Colloq.]

    5. Round prep. On every side of, so as to encompass or encircle; around; about; as, “the people atood round him; to go round the city; to wind a cable round a windlass”.

      The serpent Error twines round human hearts. Cowper.

      Round about, an emphatic form for round or about. “Moses . . . set them [The elders] round about the tabernacle.” Num. xi. 24. -- To come round, to gain the consent of, or circumvent, ( a person ) by flattery or deception. [Colloq.]

    6. Round, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rounded; p. pr. & vb. n. Rounding.]
      1. To make circular, spherical, or cylindrical; to give a round or convex figure to; as, “to round a silver coin; to round the edges of anything”.

      Worms with many feet, which round themselves into balls, are bred chiefly under logs of timber. Bacon.

      The figures on our modern medals are raised and rounded to a very great perfection. Addison.

      2. To surround; to encircle; to encompass.

      The inclusive verge

      Of golden metal that must round my brow. Shak.

      3. To bring to fullness or completeness; to complete; hence, to bring to a fit conclusion.

      We are such stuff

      As dreams are made on, and our little life

      Is rounded with a sleep. Shak.

      4. To go round wholly or in part; to go about ( a corner or point ); as, “to round a corner; to round Cape Horn”.

      5. To make full, smooth, and flowing; as, “to round periods in writing”. Swift.

      To round in ( Naut. ) To haul up; usually, to haul the slack of ( a rope ) through its leading block, or to haul up ( a tackle which hangs loose ) by its fall. Totten. To collect together ( cattle ) by riding around them, as on cattle ranches. [Western U.S.]

    7. Round, v. i.
      1. To grow round or full; hence, to attain to fullness, completeness, or perfection.

      The queen your mother rounds apace. Shak.

      So rounds he to a separate mind,

      From whence clear memory may begin. Tennyson.

      2. To go round, as a guard. [Poetic]

      They . . . nightly rounding walk. Milton.

      3. To go or turn round; to wheel about. Tennyson.

      To round to ( Naut. ), to turn the head of a ship toward the wind.