Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of sanction
Meaning of sanction by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From French sanction .


    • ( UK ) IPA: /ˈsaŋkʃən/, X-SAMPA: /"saNkS@n/


    sanction ( plural: sanctions )

    1. An approval, by an authority, generally one that makes something valid .
    2. A penalty, or some coercive measure, intended to ensure compliance; especially one adopted by several nations, or by an international body .
    3. A law, treaty, or contract, or a clause within a law, treaty, or contract, specifying the above .


    sanction ( third-person singular simple present sanctions present participle sanctioning, simple past and past participle sanctioned )

    1. ( transitive ) To ratify; to make valid .
    2. ( transitive ) To give official authorization or approval to; to countenance.
    3. ( transitive ) To penalize ( a State etc. ) with sanctions .


Explanation of sanction by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. give sanction to

    2. give religious sanction to, such as through on oath

    3. give authority or permission to

    1. a mechanism of social control for enforcing a society's standards

    2. the act of final authorization

    3. it had the sanction of the church
    4. official permission or approval

    5. formal and explicit approval

    Definition of sanction by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Sanction n. [L. sanctio, from sancire, sanctum to render sacred or inviolable, to fix unalterably: cf. F. sanction. See Saint.]
      1. Solemn or ceremonious ratification; an official act of a superior by which he ratifies and gives validity to the act of some other person or body; establishment or furtherance of anything by giving authority to it; confirmation; approbation.

      The strictest professors of reason have added the sanction of their testimony. I. Watts.

      2. Anything done or said to enforce the will, law, or authority of another; as, “legal sanctions”.

      Syn. -- Ratification; authorization; authority; countenance; support.

    2. Sanction, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sanctioned ; p. pr. & vb. n. Sanctioning.] To give sanction to; to ratify; to confirm; to approve.

      Would have counseled, or even sanctioned, such perilous experiments. De Quincey.

      Syn. -- To ratify; confirm; authorize; countenance.