Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of self
Meaning of self by Wiktionary Dictionary

self


    Etymology

    From Middle English self, silf, sulf, from Old English self, seolf, sylf ( “same, self, very, own” ), from Proto-Germanic *selbaz ( “self” ), from Proto-Indo-European *selbʰ- ( “one's own” ), from Proto-Indo-European *s( w )e- ( “separate, apart” ). Cognate with Scots self ( “self” ), West Frisian self ( “self” ), Dutch zelf ( “self” ), Low German sulv ( “self” ), German selbst ( “self” ), Danish selv ( “self” ), Icelandic sjálfur ( “self” ). Possibly related to Albanian thelb ( “core, center, heart” ) .

    Pronunciation

    • IPA: /sɛlf/
    • Rhymes: -ɛlf

    Pronoun

    self

    1. ( obsolete ) Himself, herself, itself, themselves; that specific ( person mentioned ) .
      This argument was put forward by the defendant self .
    2. ( commercial or humorous ) Myself .
      I made out a cheque, payable to self, which cheered me up somewhat .

    Noun

    self ( plural: selves )

    1. An individual person as the object of his own reflective consciousness.

    Related terms

    See also

    Adjective

    self

    1. ( obsolete ) same

    External links

    • self in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • self in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

    Anagrams

    • LSFE

    Alternative forms

    Etymology

    Proto-Germanic *selbaz, whence also Old High German selb, Old Norse sjálfr

    Pronoun

    self

    1. self

    -self

    By Wiktionary ( 2012/06/06 02:06 UTC Version )

    Suffix

    -self

    1. Used in forming intensive and reflexive forms of the singular personal pronouns, compare Dutch -zelf .

    Usage notes

    Derived terms

    Related terms

    • -selves

    self-

    By Wiktionary ( 2012/07/13 09:40 UTC Version )

    Etymology

    From the noun self .

    Preposition

    self-

    1. of, by, in or with oneself or itself
    2. automatic

    Derived terms

    Alternative forms

    • seolf-, sylf-

    Etymology

    From pronoun self, seolf ( “self” ). More at self

    Preposition

    self-

    1. self, oneself
      selfbana ( “killer of oneself” )
      selfcwalu ( “self-slaughter, suicide” )
      selfǣta ( “cannibal” )
    2. own, one's own
      selfdōm ( “independence” )

    Descendants



Explanation of self by Wordnet Dictionary

self


    Adjective
    1. relating to--of or by or to or from or for--the self

    2. self-knowledge
      self-proclaimed
      self-induced
    Noun
    1. your consciousness of your own identity

    2. a person considered as a unique individual

    3. one's own self


    Definition of self by GCIDE Dictionary

    self


    1. Self ( sĕlf ), a. [AS. self, seolf, sylf; akin to OS. self, OFries. self, D. zelf, G. selb, selber, selbst, Dan. selv. Sw. sjelf, Icel. sjālfr, Goth. silba. Cf. Selvage.]
      1. Same; particular; very; identical. [Obs., except in the compound selfsame.] “On these self hills.” Sir. W. Raleigh.

      To shoot another arrow that self way

      Which you did shoot the first. Shak.

      At that self moment enters Palamon. Dryden.

      2. Having its own or a single nature or character, as in color, composition, etc., without addition or change; unmixed; as, “a self bow, one made from a single piece of wood; self flower or plant, one which is wholly of one color; self-colored”.

    2. Self, n.; pl. Selves
      1. The individual as the object of his own reflective consciousness; the man viewed by his own cognition as the subject of all his mental phenomena, the agent in his own activities, the subject of his own feelings, and the possessor of capacities and character; a person as a distinct individual; a being regarded as having personality. “Those who liked their real selves.” Addison.

      A man's self may be the worst fellow to converse with in the world. Pope.

      The self, the I, is recognized in every act of intelligence as the subject to which that act belongs. It is I that perceive, I that imagine, I that remember, I that attend, I that compare, I that feel, I that will, I that am conscious. Sir W. Hamilton.

      2. Hence, personal interest, or love of private interest; selfishness; as, “self is his whole aim”.

      3. Personification; embodiment. [Poetic.]

      She was beauty's self. Thomson.

      ☞ Self is united to certain personal pronouns and pronominal adjectives to express emphasis or distinction. Thus, for emphasis; I myself will write; I will examine for myself; thou thyself shalt go; thou shalt see for thyself; you yourself shall write; you shall see for yourself; he himself shall write; he shall examine for himself; she herself shall write; she shall examine for herself; the child itself shall be carried; it shall be present itself. It is also used reflexively; as, I abhor myself; thou enrichest thyself; he loves himself; she admires herself; it pleases itself; we walue ourselves; ye hurry yourselves; they see themselves. Himself, herself, themselves, are used in the nominative case, as well as in the objective. “Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples.” John iv. 2.

      self is used in the formation of innumerable compounds, usually of obvious signification, in most of which it denotes either the agent or the object of the action expressed by the word with which it is joined, or the person in behalf of whom it is performed, or the person or thing to, for, or towards whom or which a quality, attribute, or feeling expressed by the following word belongs, is directed, or is exerted, or from which it proceeds; or it denotes the subject of, or object affected by, such action, quality, attribute, feeling, or the like; as, self-abandoning, self-abnegation, self-abhorring, self-absorbed, self-accusing, self-adjusting, self-balanced, self-boasting, self-canceled, self-combating, self-commendation, self-condemned, self-conflict, self-conquest, self-constituted, self-consumed, self-contempt, self-controlled, self-deceiving, self-denying, self-destroyed, self-disclosure, self-display, self-dominion, self-doomed, self-elected, self-evolved, self-exalting, self-excusing, self-exile, se
      lf-fed, self-fulfillment, self-governed, self-harming, self-helpless, self-humiliation, self-idolized, self-inflicted, self-improvement, self-instruction, self-invited, self-judging, self-justification, self-loathing, self-loving, self-maintenance, self-mastered, self-nourishment, self-perfect, self-perpetuation, self-pleasing, self-praising, self-preserving, self-questioned, self-relying, self-restraining, self-revelation, self-ruined, self-satisfaction, self-support, self-sustained, self-sustaining, self-tormenting, self-troubling, self-trust, self-tuition, self-upbraiding, self-valuing, self-worshiping, and many others.