Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of sentence
Meaning of sentence by Wiktionary Dictionary

sentence


    Etymology

    From Middle French sentence, from Latin sententia ( “way of thinking, opinion, sentiment” ), from sentiens, present participle of sentīre ( “to feel, think” ); see sentient, sense, scent .

    Pronunciation

    • IPA: /ˈsɛntəns/, X-SAMPA: /"sEnt@ns/
    • Hyphenation: sen‧tence

    Noun

    sentence ( plural: sentences )

    1. ( obsolete ) One's opinion; manner of thinking. [14th-17th c.]
    2. ( now rare ) Someone's pronounced opinion or judgment on a given question. [from 14th c.]
    3. ( dated ) The decision or judgement of a jury or court; a verdict. [from 14th c.]
      The court returned a sentence of guilt in the first charge, but innocence in the second .
    4. The judicial order for a punishment to be imposed on a person convicted of a crime. [from 14th c.]
      The judge declared a sentence of death by hanging for the infamous cattle rustler .
    5. ( obsolete ) A saying, especially form a great person; a maxim, an apophthegm. [14th-19th c.]
    6. ( grammar ) A grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and predicate, even if one or the other is implied, and typically beginning with a capital letter and ending with a full stop. [from 15th c.]
      The children were made to construct sentences consisting of nouns and verbs from the list on the chalkboard .
    7. ( logic ) A formula with no free variables. [from 20th c.]
    8. ( computing theory ) Any of the set of strings that can be generated by a given formal grammar. [from 20th c.]

    Hypernyms

    Related terms

    Verb

    sentence ( third-person singular simple present sentences present participle sentencing, simple past and past participle sentenced )

    1. To declare a sentence on a convicted person .
      The judge sentenced the embezzler to ten years in prison, along with a hefty fine .

    External links

    • sentence in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • sentence in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911


Explanation of sentence by Wordnet Dictionary

sentence


    Verb
    1. pronounce a sentence on ( somebody ) in a court of law

    Noun
    1. a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed

    2. a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language

    3. he always spoke in grammatical sentences
    4. the period of time a prisoner is imprisoned

    5. his sentence was 5 to 10 years


    Definition of sentence by GCIDE Dictionary

    sentence


    1. Sentence n. [F., from L. sententia, for sentientia, from sentire to discern by the senses and the mind, to feel, to think. See Sense, n., and cf. Sentiensi.]
      1. Sense; meaning; significance. [Obs.]

      Tales of best sentence and most solace. Chaucer.

      The discourse itself, voluble enough, and full of sentence. Milton.

      2. An opinion; a decision; a determination; a judgment, especially one of an unfavorable nature.

      My sentence is for open war. Milton.

      That by them [Luther's works] we may pass sentence upon his doctrines. Atterbury.

      A philosophical or theological opinion; a dogma; as, “Summary of the Sentences; Book of the Sentences”.

      3. ( Law ) In civil and admiralty law, the judgment of a court pronounced in a cause; in criminal and ecclesiastical courts, a judgment passed on a criminal by a court or judge; condemnation pronounced by a judicial tribunal; doom. In common law, the term is exclusively used to denote the judgment in criminal cases.

      Received the sentence of the law. Shak.

      4. A short saying, usually containing moral instruction; a maxim; an axiom; a saw. Broome.

      5. ( Gram. ) A combination of words which is complete as expressing a thought, and in writing is marked at the close by a period, or full point. See Proposition, 4.

      ☞ Sentences are simple or compound. A simple sentence consists of one subject and one finite verb; as, “The Lord reigns.” A compound sentence contains two or more subjects and finite verbs, as in this verse: -

      He fills, he bounds, connects, and equals all. Pope.

      Dark sentence, a saying not easily explained.

      A king . . . understanding dark sentences. Dan. vii. 23.

    2. Sentence, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sentenced ; p. pr. & vb. n. Sentencing]
      1. To pass or pronounce judgment upon; to doom; to condemn to punishment; to prescribe the punishment of.

      Nature herself is sentenced in your doom. Dryden.

      2. To decree or announce as a sentence. [Obs.] Shak.

      3. To utter sententiously. [Obs.] Feltham.