- ( GenAm ) IPA: /ʃɑɹp/
- ( RP ) IPA: /ʃɑːp/
- Rhymes: -ɑː( r )p
- Able to cut easily .
- ( colloquial ) Intelligent .
- Able to pierce easily; pointed .
- ( music ) Higher than usual by one semitone ( denoted by the symbol ♯ after the name of the note ) .
- ( music ) Higher in pitch than required .
- Having an intense, acrid flavour .
- sudden and intense .
- ( colloquial ) Illegal or dishonest .
- Exact, precise, accurate; keen .
- Offensive, critical, or acrimonious, as sharp criticism .
- ( colloquial ) Stylish or attractive .
- Observant; alert; acute .
- Forming a small angle; especially, forming an angle of less than ninety degrees .
- ( mathematics, of a statement ) Said of as extreme a value as possible .
- ( able to cut easily ): keen, razor, razor-sharp
- ( intelligent ): brainy, bright, intelligent, keen, smart, witty
- ( able to pierce easily ): pointed
- ( having an intense and acrid flavour ): acrid, pungent
- ( sudden and intense ): abrupt, acute, stabbing
- ( illegal, dishonest ): dishonest, dodgy, illegal, illicit, underhand
- ( accurate ): accurate, exact, keen, precise
- ( critical ): acrimonious, bitter, cutting, harsh, hostile, nasty
- ( stylish, attractive ): chic, elegant, smart, stylish
- ( observant ): acute, alert, keen, observant, sharp-eyed
- ( able to cut easily ): blunt, dull
- ( intelligent ): dim, dim-witted, slow, slow-witted, thick
- ( able to pierce easily ): blunt
- ( higher than usual by one semitone ): flat
- ( music: higher in pitch than required ): flat
- ( having an intense and acrid flavour ): bland, insipid, tasteless
- ( sudden and intense ): dull
- ( illegal, dishonest ): above-board, honest, legit, legitimate, reputable
- ( accurate ): inaccurate, imprecise
- ( critical ): complimentary, flattering, friendly, kind, nice
- ( stylish, attractive ): inelegant, scruffy, shabby
- ( observant ): unobservant
- ( music ) The symbol ♯, placed after the name of a note in the key signature or before a note on the staff to indicate that the note is to be played a semitone higher .
- ( music ) A note that is played a semitone higher than usual; denoted by the name of the note that is followed by the symbol ♯ .
- ( music ) A note that is sharp in a particular key .
- ( music ) The scale having a particular sharp note as its tonic .
- ( usually in the plural: ) Something which is sharp .
- ( medicine ) A hypodermic syringe .
- ( medicine, dated ) A scalpel or other edged instrument used in surgery .
- A dishonest person; a cheater .
From Old English scearp, from Proto-Germanic *skarpaz ( cf. West Frisian skerp, Dutch scherp, German scharf ), from Proto-Indo-European *( s )kerb( h ) ( cf. Irish cearb 'keen; cutting', Latin acerbus 'tart, bitter', Tocharian B kärpye 'rough', Latvian skârbs 'sharp, rough', Russian shcherba 'notch', Albanian tharbët 'sour' ), from *( s )ker- 'to cut'. More at shear .
Explanation of sharp by Wordnet Dictionary
- a sharp pain
- sharp winds
- a sharp blow
- a sharp drop
- C sharp
- sharp criticism
- a sharp-worded exchange
- Sharp a. [Compar. Sharper ; superl. Sharpest.] [OE. sharp, scharp, scarp, AS. scearp; akin to OS. skarp, LG. scharp, D. scherp, G. scharf, Dan. & Sw. skarp, Icel. skarpr. Cf. Escarp, Scrape, Scorpion.]
1. Having a very thin edge or fine point; of a nature to cut or pierce easily; not blunt or dull; keen.
He dies upon my scimeter's sharp point. Shak.
2. Terminating in a point or edge; not obtuse or rounded; somewhat pointed or edged; peaked or ridged; as, “a sharp hill; sharp features.”
3. Affecting the sense as if pointed or cutting, keen, penetrating, acute: to the taste or smell, pungent, acid, sour, as ammonia has a sharp taste and odor; to the hearing, piercing, shrill, as a sharp sound or voice; to the eye, instantaneously brilliant, dazzling, as a sharp flash.
4. ( Mus. ) High in pitch; acute; as, “a sharp note or tone”. Raised a semitone in pitch; as, “C sharp ( C♯ ), which is a half step, or semitone, higher than C”. So high as to be out of tune, or above true pitch; as, “the tone is sharp; that instrument is sharp”. Opposed in all these senses to flat.
5. Very trying to the feelings; piercing; keen; severe; painful; distressing; as, “sharp pain, weather; a sharp and frosty air”.
Sharp misery had worn him to the bones. Shak.
The morning sharp and clear. Cowper.
In sharpest perils faithful proved. Keble.
6. Cutting in language or import; biting; sarcastic; cruel; harsh; rigorous; severe; as, “a sharp rebuke”. “That sharp look.” Tennyson.
To that place the sharp Athenian law
Can not pursue us. Shak.
Be thy words severe,
Sharp as merits but the sword forbear. Dryden.
7. Of keen perception; quick to discern or distinguish; having nice discrimination; acute; penetrating; sagacious; clever; as, “a sharp eye; sharp sight, hearing, or judgment”.
Nothing makes men sharper . . . than want. Addison.
Many other things belong to the material world, wherein the sharpest philosophers have never ye arrived at clear and distinct ideas. L. Watts.
8. Eager in pursuit; keen in quest; impatient for gratification; keen; as, “a sharp appetite”.
9. Fierce; ardent; fiery; violent; impetuous. “In sharp contest of battle.” Milton.
A sharp assault already is begun. Dryden.
10. Keenly or unduly attentive to one's own interest; close and exact in dealing; shrewd; as, “a sharp dealer; a sharp customer.”
The necessity of being so sharp and exacting. Swift.
11. Composed of hard, angular grains; gritty; as, “sharp sand”. Moxon.
12. Steep; precipitous; abrupt; as, “a sharp ascent or descent; a sharp turn or curve”.
13. ( Phonetics ) Uttered in a whisper, or with the breath alone, without voice, as certain consonants, such as p, k, t, f; surd; nonvocal; aspirated.
☞ Sharp is often used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, sharp-cornered, sharp-edged, sharp-pointed, sharp-tasted, sharp-visaged, etc.
Sharp practice, the getting of an advantage, or the attempt to do so, by a tricky expedient. -- To brace sharp, or To sharp up ( Naut. ), to turn the yards to the most oblique position possible, that the ship may lie well up to the wind.
Syn. -- Keen; acute; piercing; penetrating; quick; sagacious; discerning; shrewd; witty; ingenious; sour; acid; tart; pungent; acrid; severe; poignant; biting; acrimonious; sarcastic; cutting; bitter; painful; afflictive; violent; harsh; fierce; ardent; fiery.
- Sharp adv.
1. To a point or edge; piercingly; eagerly; sharply. M. Arnold.
The head [of a spear] full sharp yground. Chaucer.
You bite so sharp at reasons. Shak.
2. Precisely; exactly; as, “we shall start at ten o'clock sharp”. [Colloq.]
Look sharp, attend; be alert. [Colloq.]
- Sharp, n.
1. A sharp tool or weapon. [Obs.]
If butchers had but the manners to go to sharps, gentlemen would be contented with a rubber at cuffs. Collier.
2. ( Mus. ) The character [♯] used to indicate that the note before which it is placed is to be raised a half step, or semitone, in pitch. A sharp tone or note. Shak.
3. A portion of a stream where the water runs very rapidly. [Prov. Eng.] C. Kingsley.
4. A sewing needle having a very slender point; a needle of the most pointed of the three grades, blunts, betweens, and sharps.
5. pl. Same as Middlings, 1.
6. An expert. [Slang]
- Sharp, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sharped ; p. pr. & vb. n. Sharping.]
1. To sharpen. [Obs.] Spenser.
2. ( Mus. ) To raise above the proper pitch; to elevate the tone of; especially, to raise a half step, or semitone, above the natural tone.
- Sharp, v. i.
1. To play tricks in bargaining; to act the sharper. L'Estrange.
2. ( Mus. ) To sing above the proper pitch.
Definition of sharp by GCIDE Dictionary