Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of sound
Meaning of sound by Wiktionary Dictionary


    Alternative forms


    • IPA: /saʊnd/, X-SAMPA: /saUnd/
    • Rhymes: -aʊnd

    Etymology 1

    Old English gesund ( “safe", "whole", "healthy” ); cognate with German gesund


    sound ( comparative sounder, superlative soundest )

    1. Healthy .
      He was safe and sound .
    2. Complete, solid, or secure .
      Fred assured me the floorboards were sound .
    3. ( mathematics, logic ) ( argument, logical system ) having the soundness property.
    4. ( UK, slang ) Good .
      "How are you?" - "I'm sound."
      That's a sound track you're playing .
    5. ( of sleep ) Quiet and deep. Sound asleep means sleeping peacefully, often deeply .
      Her sleep was sound .
    Derived terms



    1. ( UK, slang ) Yes; used to show agreement or understanding, generally without much enthusiasm .
      "I found my jacket." - "Sound."

    Etymology 2


    sound ( plural: sounds )

    1. A sensation perceived by the ear caused by the vibration of air or some other medium .
      Nobody made a sound .
      He turned when he heard the sound of footsteps behind him .
    2. A vibration capable of causing this .
    3. ( music ) A distinctive style and sonority of a particular musician, orchestra etc
    • See also Wikisaurus:sound
    See also
    • audible


    sound ( third-person singular simple present sounds present participle sounding, simple past and past participle sounded )

    1. ( intransitive ) To produce a sound .
      When the horn sounds, be careful .
    2. ( intransitive, copulative ) To convey an impression by one's sound .
      He sounded good when we last spoke .
    3. ( intransitive, law ) To arise or to be recognizable as arising within a particular area of law.
    4. ( transitive ) To cause to produce a sound .
      He sounds the instrument .
    5. ( phonetics ) To pronounce a vowel or a consonant .
      The "e" in "house" isn't sounded .
    Derived terms

    Etymology 3

    Old English sund


    sound ( plural: sounds )

    1. ( geography ): Long narrow inlet. ( Puget Sound, Owen Sound, etc. )

    Etymology 4

    Middle English sounden, from Old French sonder, from sonde ( “sounding line” ) of Germanic origin, compare Old English sundgyrd ( “a sounding rod” ), sundline ( “a sounding line” ), Old English sund ( “water", "sea” ). More at Etymology 3 above


    sound ( plural: sounds )

    1. A probe ( e.g. a surgeon's tool )
    2. A sex toy comparable to a very narrow dildo inserted into a penis through the urethra


Explanation of sound by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. measure the depth of ( a body of water ) with a sounding line

    2. utter with vibrating vocal chords

    3. appear in a certain way

    4. This sounds interesting
    5. give off a certain sound or sounds

    6. This record sounds scratchy
    7. make a certain noise or sound

    8. cause to sound

    9. sound the bell
      sound a certain note
    10. announce by means of a sound

    11. sound the alarm
    1. thorough

    2. a sound thrashing
    3. ( of sleep ) deep and complete

    4. a sound sleeper
    5. in excellent physical condition

    6. a sound mind in a sound body
    7. exercising or showing good judgment

    8. a sound approach to the problem
      sound advice
      no sound explanation for his decision
    9. free from moral defect

    10. a man of sound character
    11. financially secure and safe

    12. sound investments
      a sound economy
    13. in good condition

    14. a sound timber
      the wall is sound
      a sound foundation
    15. having legal efficacy or force

    16. a sound title to the property
    17. logically valid

    18. a sound argument
    1. the particular auditory effect produced by a given cause

    2. the sound of rain on the roof
      the beautiful sound of music
    3. the subjective sensation of hearing something

    4. he strained to hear the faint sounds
    5. the audible part of a transmitted signal

    6. an individual sound unit of speech without concern as to whether or not it is a phoneme of some language

    7. the sudden occurrence of an audible event

    8. the sound awakened them
    9. a large ocean inlet or deep bay

    10. the main body of the sound ran parallel to the coast
    11. a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water

    12. mechanical vibrations transmitted by an elastic medium

    13. falling trees make a sound in the forest even when no one is there to hear them

    Definition of sound by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Sound n. [AS. sund a swimming, akin to E. swim. See Swim.] The air bladder of a fish; as, “cod sounds are an esteemed article of food”.

    2. Sound, n. ( Zool. ) A cuttlefish. [Obs.] Ainsworth.

    3. Sound, a. [Compar. Sounder ; superl. Soundest.] [OE. sound, AS. sund; akin to D. gezond, G. gesund, OHG. gisunt, Dan. & Sw. sund, and perhaps to L. sanus. Cf. Sane.]
      1. Whole; unbroken; unharmed; free from flaw, defect, or decay; perfect of the kind; as, “sound timber; sound fruit; a sound tooth; a sound ship”.

      2. Healthy; not diseased; not being in a morbid state; -- said of body or mind; as, “a sound body; a sound constitution; a sound understanding”.

      3. Firm; strong; safe.

      The brasswork here, how rich it is in beams,

      And how, besides, it makes the whole house sound. Chapman.

      4. Free from error; correct; right; honest; true; faithful; orthodox; -- said of persons; as, “a sound lawyer; a sound thinker”.

      Do not I know you a favorer

      Of this new seat? Ye are nor sound. Shak.

      5. Founded in truth or right; supported by justice; not to be overthrown on refuted; not fallacious; as, “sound argument or reasoning; a sound objection; sound doctrine; sound principles”.

      Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me. 2 Tim. i. 13.

      6. heavy; laid on with force; as, “a sound beating”.

      7. Undisturbed; deep; profound; as, “sound sleep”.

      8. Founded in law; legal; valid; not defective; as, “a sound title to land”.

      ☞ Sound is sometimes used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, sound-headed, sound-hearted, sound-timbered, etc.

      Sound currency ( Com. ), a currency whose actual value is the same as its nominal value; a currency which does not deteriorate or depreciate or fluctuate in comparision with the standard of values.

    4. Sound, adv. Soundly.

      So sound he slept that naught might him awake. Spenser.

    5. Sound, n. [AS. sund a narrow sea or strait; akin to Icel., Sw., Dan. & G. sund, probably so named because it could be swum across. See Swim.] ( Geog. ) A narrow passage of water, or a strait between the mainland and an island; also, a strait connecting two seas, or connecting a sea or lake with the ocean; as, “the Sound between the Baltic and the german Ocean; Long Island Sound”.

      The Sound of Denmark, where ships pay toll. Camden.

      Sound dues, tolls formerly imposed by Denmark on vessels passing through the Baltic Sound.

    6. Sound, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sounded; p. pr. & vb. n. Sounding.] [F. sonder; cf. AS. sundgyrd a sounding rod, sundline a sounding line ( see Sound a narrow passage of water ).]
      1. To measure the depth of; to fathom; especially, to ascertain the depth of by means of a line and plummet.

      2. Fig.: To ascertain, or try to ascertain, the thoughts, motives, and purposes of ( a person ); to examine; to try; to test; to probe.

      I was in jest,

      And by that offer meant to sound your breast. Dryden.

      I've sounded my Numidians man by man. Addison.

      3. ( Med. ) To explore, as the bladder or urethra, with a sound; to examine with a sound; also, to examine by auscultation or percussion; as, “to sound a patient”.

    7. Sound v. i. To ascertain the depth of water with a sounding line or other device.

      I sound as a shipman soundeth in the sea with his plummet to know the depth of sea. Palsgrave.

    8. Sound, n. [F. sonde. See Sound to fathom.] ( Med. ) Any elongated instrument or probe, usually metallic, by which cavities of the body are sounded or explored, especially the bladder for stone, or the urethra for a stricture.

    9. Sound, n. [OE. soun, OF. son, sun, F. son, fr. L. sonus akin to Skr. svana sound, svan to sound, and perh. to E. swan. Cf. Assonant, Consonant, Person, Sonata, Sonnet, Sonorous, Swan.]
      1. The peceived object occasioned by the impulse or vibration of a material substance affecting the ear; a sensation or perception of the mind received through the ear, and produced by the impulse or vibration of the air or other medium with which the ear is in contact; the effect of an impression made on the organs of hearing by an impulse or vibration of the air caused by a collision of bodies, or by other means; noise; report; as, “the sound of a drum; the sound of the human voice; a horrid sound; a charming sound; a sharp, high, or shrill sound”.

      The warlike sound

      Of trumpets loud and clarions. Milton.

      2. The occasion of sound; the impulse or vibration which would occasion sound to a percipient if present with unimpaired; hence, the theory of vibrations in elastic media such cause sound; as, “a treatise on sound”.

      ☞ In this sense, sounds are spoken of as audible and inaudible.

      3. Noise without signification; empty noise; noise and nothing else.

      Sense and not sound . . . must be the principle. Locke.

      Sound boarding, boards for holding pugging, placed in partitions of under floors in order to deaden sounds. -- Sound bow, in a series of transverse sections of a bell, that segment against which the clapper strikes, being the part which is most efficacious in producing the sound. See Illust. of Bell. -- Sound post. ( Mus. ) See Sounding post, under Sounding.

    10. Sound, v. i. [OE. sounen, sownen, OF. soner, suner, F. sonner, from L. sonare. See Sound a noise.]
      1. To make a noise; to utter a voice; to make an impulse of the air that shall strike the organs of hearing with a perceptible effect. “And first taught speaking trumpets how to sound.” Dryden.

      How silver-sweet sound lovers' tongues! Shak.

      2. To be conveyed in sound; to be spread or published; to convey intelligence by sound.

      From you sounded out the word of the Lord. 1 Thess. i. 8.

      3. To make or convey a certain impression, or to have a certain import, when heard; hence, to seem; to appear; as, “this reproof sounds harsh; the story sounds like an invention”.

      Good sir, why do you start, and seem to fear

      Things that do sound so fair? Shak.

      To sound in or To sound into, to tend to; to partake of the nature of; to be consonant with. [Obs., except in the phrase To sound in damages, below.]

      Soun[d]ing in moral virtue was his speech. Chaucer.

      -- To sound in damages ( Law ), to have the essential quality of damages. This is said of an action brought, not for the recovery of a specific thing, as replevin, etc., but for damages only, as trespass, and the like.

    11. Sound, v. t.
      1. To cause to make a noise; to play on; as, “to sound a trumpet or a horn; to sound an alarm”.

      A bagpipe well could he play and soun[d]. Chaucer.

      2. To cause to exit as a sound; as, “to sound a note with the voice, or on an instrument”.

      3. To order, direct, indicate, or proclain by a sound, or sounds; to give a signal for by a certain sound; as, “to sound a retreat; to sound a parley”.

      The clock sounded the hour of noon. G. H. Lewes.

      4. To celebrate or honor by sounds; to cause to be reported; to publish or proclaim; as, “to sound the praises of fame of a great man or a great exploit”.

      5. To examine the condition of ( anything ) by causing the same to emit sounds and noting their character; as, “to sound a piece of timber; to sound a vase; to sound the lungs of a patient”.

      6. To signify; to import; to denote. [Obs.] Milton.

      Soun[d]ing alway the increase of his winning. Chaucer.