Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of spring
Meaning of spring by Wiktionary Dictionary



    • enPR: sprĭng, IPA: /sprɪŋ/, X-SAMPA: /sprIN/
    • Rhymes: -ɪŋ


    Middle English springen, from Old English springan, from Proto-Germanic *springanan ( compare West Frisian springe, Dutch/German springen, Swedish springa ), from Proto-Indo-European *spr̥g̑h ( compare Lithuanian spreñgti ‘to push in’, Old Church Slavonic pręgti ‘to spin, stretch’, Ancient Greek spérchesthai ‘to hasten’, Sanskrit spṛhayati ‘is eager’ ) .

    Sense of ‘season’ 1547, from earlier springing time, spring-time, in sense of buds sprouting or “spring” up. This replaced Old English Lent by the 14th century.[1]

    Sense of ‘source of water’ attested circa 1225.[1]


    spring ( third-person singular simple present springs present participle springing, simple past sprang or sprung, past participle sprung )

    1. To jump or leap .
      He sprang up from his seat .
    2. To produce or disclose unexpectedly, especially of surprises, traps, etc.
    3. ( slang ) To release or set free, especially from prison .

    Usage notes


    Derived terms

    Related terms


    A coil spring ( mechanical device )

    spring ( countable and uncountable; plural: springs )

    1. ( countable ) Traditionally the first of the four seasons of the year in temperate regions, in which plants spring from the ground and trees come into blossom, following winter and preceding summer .
      Spring is the time of the year most species reproduce .
      I spent my spring holidays in Morocco .
      You can visit me in the spring, when the weather is bearable .
    2. ( countable ) Meteorologically, the months of March, April and May in the northern hemisphere ( or September, October and November in the southern ) .
    3. ( countable ) The astronomically delineated period from the moment of vernal equinox, approximately March 21 in the northern hemisphere to the moment of the summer solstice, approximately June 21. ( See Spring ( season ) on Wikipedia.for other variations. )
    4. ( countable ) Spring tide; a tide of greater-than-average range, that is, around the first or third quarter of a lunar month, or around the times of the new or full moon .
    5. ( countable ) A place where water emerges from the ground .
      This water is bottled from the spring of the river .
    6. ( uncountable ) The property of a body of springing to its original form after being compressed, stretched, etc .
    7. ( countable ) A mechanical device made of flexible or coiled material that exerts force when it is bent, compressed or stretched .
      We jumped so hard the bed springs broke .
    8. ( countable, nautical ) A rope attaching the bow of a vessel to the stern-side of the jetty, or vice versa, to stop the vessel from surging .
      You should put a couple of springs onto the jetty to stop the boat moving so much .
    9. ( countable, slang ) An erection of the penis .
    10. ( countable ) The source of an action

    Usage notes



    Derived terms

    Related terms

    See also

    See also

    1. ↑ 1.0 1.1 “spring” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary ( 2001 ) .


Explanation of spring by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. develop suddenly

    2. produce or disclose suddenly or unexpectedly

    3. spring back

    4. move forward by leaps and bounds

    5. develop into a distinctive entity

    1. a light, self-propelled movement upwards or forwards

    2. a metal elastic device that returns to its shape or position when pushed or pulled or pressed

    3. the spring was broken
    4. the elasticity of something that can be stretched and returns to its original length

    5. a point at which water issues forth

    6. a natural flow of ground water

    7. the season of growth

    8. the emerging buds were a sure sign of spring
      he will hold office until the spring of next year

    Definition of spring by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Spring ( sprĭng ), v. i. [imp. Sprang ( sprăng ) or Sprung ( sprŭng ); p. p. Sprung; p. pr. & vb. n. Springing.] [AS. springan; akin to D. & G. springen, OS. & OHG. springan, Icel. & Sw. springa, Dan. springe; cf. Gr. σπέρχεσθαι to hasten. Cf. Springe, Sprinkle.]

      1. To leap; to bound; to jump.

      The mountain stag that springs

      From height to height, and bounds along the plains. Philips.

      2. To issue with speed and violence; to move with activity; to dart; to shoot.

      And sudden light

      Sprung through the vaulted roof. Dryden.

      3. To start or rise suddenly, as from a covert.

      Watchful as fowlers when their game will spring. Otway.

      4. To fly back; as, “a bow, when bent, springs back by its elastic power”.

      5. To bend from a straight direction or plane surface; to become warped; as, “a piece of timber, or a plank, sometimes springs in seasoning”.

      6. To shoot up, out, or forth; to come to the light; to begin to appear; to emerge; as a plant from its seed, as streams from their source, and the like; -- often followed by up, forth, or out.

      Till well nigh the day began to spring. Chaucer.

      To satisfy the desolate and waste ground, and to cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth. Job xxxviii. 27.

      Do not blast my springing hopes. Rowe.

      O, spring to light; auspicious Babe, be born. Pope.

      7. To issue or proceed, as from a parent or ancestor; to result, as from a cause, motive, reason, or principle.

      [They found] new hope to spring

      Out of despair, joy, but with fear yet linked. Milton.

      8. To grow; to thrive; to prosper.

      What makes all this, but Jupiter the king,

      At whose command we perish, and we spring? Dryden.

      To spring at, to leap toward; to attempt to reach by a leap. -- To spring forth, to leap out; to rush out. -- To spring in, to rush in; to enter with a leap or in haste. -- To spring on or To spring upon, to leap on; to rush on with haste or violence; to assault.

    2. Spring ( sprĭng ), v. t.
      1. To cause to spring up; to start or rouse, as game; to cause to rise from the earth, or from a covert; as, “to spring a pheasant”.

      2. To produce or disclose suddenly or unexpectedly; as, “to spring a surprise on someone; to spring a joke”.

      She starts, and leaves her bed, and springs a light. Dryden.

      The friends to the cause sprang a new project. Swift.

      3. To cause to explode; as, “to spring a mine”.

      4. To crack or split; to bend or strain so as to weaken; as, “to spring a mast or a yard”.

      5. To cause to close suddenly, as the parts of a trap operated by a spring; as, “to spring a trap”.

      6. To bend by force, as something stiff or strong; to force or put by bending, as a beam into its sockets, and allowing it to straighten when in place; -- often with in, out, etc.; as, “to spring in a slat or a bar”.

      7. To pass over by leaping; as, “to spring a fence”.

      8. To release ( a person ) from confinement, especially from a prison. [colloquial]

      To spring a butt ( Naut. ), to loosen the end of a plank in a ship's bottom. -- To spring a leak ( Naut. ), to begin to leak. -- To spring an arch ( Arch. ), to build an arch; -- a common term among masons; as, “to spring an arch over a lintel”. -- To spring a rattle, to cause a rattle to sound. See Watchman's rattle, under Watchman. -- To spring the luff ( Naut. ), to ease the helm, and sail nearer to the wind than before; -- said of a vessel. Mar. Dict. -- To spring a mast or To spring a spar ( Naut. ), to strain it so that it is unserviceable.

    3. Spring, n. [AS. spring a fountain, a leap. See Spring, v. i.]
      1. A leap; a bound; a jump.

      The prisoner, with a spring, from prison broke. Dryden.

      2. A flying back; the resilience of a body recovering its former state by its elasticity; as, “the spring of a bow”.

      3. Elastic power or force.

      Heavens! what a spring was in his arm! Dryden.

      4. An elastic body of any kind, as steel, India rubber, tough wood, or compressed air, used for various mechanical purposes, as receiving and imparting power, diminishing concussion, regulating motion, measuring weight or other force.

      ☞ The principal varieties of springs used in mechanisms are the spiral spring ( Fig. a ), the coil spring ( Fig. b ), the elliptic spring ( Fig. c ), the half-elliptic spring ( Fig. d ), the volute spring, the India-rubber spring, the atmospheric spring, etc.

      5. Any source of supply; especially, the source from which a stream proceeds; an issue of water from the earth; a natural fountain. “All my springs are in thee.” Ps. lxxxvii. 7. “A secret spring of spiritual joy.” Bentley. “The sacred spring whence right and honor streams.” Sir J. Davies.

      6. Any active power; that by which action, or motion, is produced or propagated; cause; origin; motive.

      Our author shuns by vulgar springs to move

      The hero's glory, or the virgin's love. Pope.

      7. That which springs, or is originated, from a source; as: A race; lineage. [Obs.] Chapman. A youth; a springal. [Obs.] Spenser. A shoot; a plant; a young tree; also, a grove of trees; woodland. [Obs.] Spenser. Milton.

      8. That which causes one to spring; specifically, a lively tune. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.

      9. The season of the year when plants begin to vegetate and grow; the vernal season, usually comprehending the months of March, April, and May, in the middle latitudes north of the equator. “The green lap of the new-come spring.” Shak.

      ☞ Spring of the astronomical year begins with the vernal equinox, about March 21st, and ends with the summer solstice, about June 21st.

      10. The time of growth and progress; early portion; first stage; as, “the spring of life”. “The spring of the day.” 1 Sam. ix. 26.

      O how this spring of love resembleth

      The uncertain glory of an April day. Shak.

      11. ( Naut. ) A crack or fissure in a mast or yard, running obliquely or transversely. A line led from a vessel's quarter to her cable so that by tightening or slacking it she can be made to lie in any desired position; a line led diagonally from the bow or stern of a vessel to some point upon the wharf to which she is moored.

      Air spring, Boiling spring, etc. See under Air, Boiling, etc. -- Spring back ( Bookbinding ), a back with a curved piece of thin sheet iron or of stiff pasteboard fastened to the inside, the effect of which is to make the leaves of a book thus bound ( as a ledger or other account or blank book ) spring up and lie flat. -- Spring balance, a contrivance for measuring weight or force by the elasticity of a spiral spring of steel. -- Spring beam, a beam that supports the side of a paddle box. See Paddle beam, under Paddle, n. -- Spring beauty. ( Bot. ) Any plant of the genus Claytonia, delicate herbs with somewhat fleshy leaves and pretty blossoms, appearing in springtime. ( Zool. ) A small, elegant American butterfly ( Erora laeta ) which appears in spring. The hind wings of the male are brown, bordered with deep blue; those of the female are mostly blue. -- Spring bed, a mattress, under bed, or bed bottom, in which springs, as of metal, are employed to give the required elasticity. -- Spring beetle
      ( Zool. ), a snapping beetle; an elater. -- Spring box, the box or barrel in a watch, or other piece of mechanism, in which the spring is contained. -- Spring fly ( Zool. ), a caddice fly; -- so called because it appears in the spring. -- Spring grass ( Bot. ), vernal grass. See under Vernal. -- Spring gun, a firearm discharged by a spring, when this is trodden upon or is otherwise moved. -- Spring hook ( Locomotive Engines ), one of the hooks which fix the driving-wheel spring to the frame. -- Spring latch, a latch that fastens with a spring. -- Spring lock, a lock that fastens with a spring. -- Spring mattress, a spring bed. -- Spring of an arch ( Arch. ) See Springing line of an arch, under Springing. -- Spring of pork, the lower part of a fore quarter, which is divided from the neck, and has the leg and foot without the shoulder. [Obs.] Nares.

      Sir, pray hand the spring of pork to me. Gayton.

      -- Spring pin ( Locomotive Engines ), an iron rod fitted between the springs and the axle boxes, to sustain and regulate the pressure on the axles. -- Spring rye, a kind of rye sown in the spring; -- in distinction from winter rye, sown in autumn. -- Spring stay ( Naut. ), a preventer stay, to assist the regular one. R. H. Dana, Jr. -- Spring tide, the tide which happens at, or soon after, the new and the full moon, and which rises higher than common tides. See Tide. -- Spring wagon, a wagon in which springs are interposed between the body and the axles to form elastic supports. -- Spring wheat, any kind of wheat sown in the spring; -- in distinction from winter wheat, which is sown in autumn.