Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of square
Meaning of square by Wiktionary Dictionary

square


    Komsomolskaya Square at night

    Etymology

    From Old French esquarre ( French équerre ), from Vulgar Latin *exquadra, from Latin quadra ( “square” ) .

    Pronunciation

    • enPR: skwâr, IPA: /skwɛə( r )/, X-SAMPA: /skwE@( r )/
    • Rhymes: -ɛə( r )

    Noun

    square ( plural: squares )

    1. Any simple object with four nearly straight and nearly equal sides meeting at nearly right angles .
    2. An L- or T-shaped tool used to place objects or draw lines at right angles .
      There are so many uses for the square, in fact, that a new model will usually come complete with a booklet enumerating its applications. - The Carpenter's Square
    3. An open space in a town, not necessarily square in shape, often containing trees, seating and other features pleasing to the eye.
    4. A cell in a grid .
      You may not move a piece to a square already occupied by one of your own pieces .
    5. ( geometry ) A polygon with four sides of equal length and four angles of 90 degrees; a regular quadrilateral whose angles are all 90 degrees.
    6. ( mathematics ) The second power of a number, value, term or expression .
      64 is the square of 8 .
    7. ( military ) A body of troops drawn up in a square formation.
    8. ( slang ) A socially conventional person; typically associated with the 1950s
      Why do you always wear a tie? Don't be such a square!
    9. ( UK ) The symbol # on a telephone; hash .
      Enter your account number followed by a square .
    10. ( cricket ) The central area of a cricket field, containing several pitches laid out next to one another - only one being used at a time .
      An ideal playing area is roughly circular in shape with a central area, the cricket square, measuring 27.44 metres by 27.44 metres and boundaries 45.75 metres from the sides of the square .
    11. ( real estate jargon ) A unit of measurement of area, equal to a 10 foot by 10 foot square, ie. 100 square feet or roughly 9.3 square metres. Used in real estate for the size of a house or its rooms, though progressively being replaced by square metres in metric countries such as Australia .
      2006: Just as the basic unit of real estate measurement across the world is the square ... — Macquarie Bank ( Australia ), press release Macquarie releases Real Estate Market Outlook 2006 - "The World Squared", 21 June 2006 [1]
      2007: The house is very large and open and boasts 39 squares of living space plus over 13 squares of decking area on 3 sides and 17 squares of garage and workshop downstairs. — Your Estate advertisement for Grindelwald Tasmania [2]
    12. ( roofing ) A unit used in measuring roof area equivalent to 100 square feet ( 9.29 m2 ) of roof area .
    13. ( North America ) A dessert cut into rectangular pieces, or a piece of such a dessert .
    14. ( academia ) A mortarboard
    15. ( colloquial, US ) A square meal .
      Even when times were tough, we got three squares a day .

    Synonyms

    Adjective

    square ( comparative squarer, superlative squarest )

    1. Shaped like a square ( the polygon ) .
    2. At right angles to .
    3. Used in the names of units of area formed by multiplying a unit of length by itself .
      square metre
      square mile
    4. Honest; straightforward .
      It may be prison, but at least I'm getting three square meals a day .
    5. Fair .
      I'm just looking for a square deal on my car repair .
    6. Even; tied
      The sides were square at the end of the half .
    7. ( slang ) Socially conventional; boring .
    8. ( cricket ) in line with the batsman's popping crease .
    9. Correctly aligned with respect to something else

    Synonyms

    Verb

    square ( third-person singular simple present squares present participle squaring, simple past and past participle squared )

    1. ( transitive ) To adjust so as to align with or place at a right angle to something else .
      The casting was mounted on a milling machine so that its sides could be squared .
    2. To resolve .
      John can square this question up for us .
      These results just don't square .
    3. To adjust or adapt so as to bring into harmony with something .
      I cannot square the results of the experiment with my hypothesis .
    4. ( transitive, mathematics ) Of a value, term, or expression, to multiply by itself; to raise to the second power .
    5. ( transitive ) To draw, with a pair of compasses and a straightedge only, a square with the same area as .
      square the circle
    6. ( soccer ) To make a short low pass sideways across the pitch
    7. ( archaic ) To take opposing sides; to quarrel .

    Derived terms

    Synonyms

    See also



Explanation of square by Wordnet Dictionary

square


    Verb
    1. make square

    2. Square the circle
      square the wood with a file
    3. raise to the second power

    4. turn the oar, while rowing

    5. turn the paddle

    6. position so as to be square

    7. He squared his shoulders
    8. pay someone and settle a debt

    9. I squared with him
    10. be compatible with

    11. one idea squares with another
    12. cause to match, as of ideas or acts

    Adverb
    1. firmly and solidly

    2. hit the ball squarely
      the bat met the ball squarely
      planted his great bulk square before his enemy
    3. in a square shape

    4. a squarely cut piece of paper
      folded the sheet of paper square
    5. in a straight direct way

    6. looked him squarely in the eye
      ran square into me
    Adjective
    1. rigidly conventional or old-fashioned

    2. without evasion or compromise

    3. a square contradiction
    4. leaving no balance

    5. my account with you is now all square
    6. having four equal sides and four right angles or forming a right angle

    7. a square peg in a round hole
      a square corner
    8. characterized by honesty and fairness

    9. a square deal
    10. providing abundant nourishment

    11. four square meals a day
    Noun
    1. a hand tool consisting of two straight arms at right angles

    2. the carpenter who built this room must have lost his square
    3. any artifact having a shape similar to a plane geometric figure with four equal sides and four right angles

    4. a checkerboard has 64 squares
    5. an open area at the meeting of two or more streets

    6. a formal and conservative person with old-fashioned views

    7. someone who doesn't understand what is going on

    8. the product of two equal terms

    9. gravity is inversely proportional to the square of the distance
    10. a plane rectangle with four equal sides and four right angles

    11. you can compute the area of a square if you know the length of its sides
    12. something approximating the shape of a square



    Definition of square by GCIDE Dictionary

    square


    1. Square ( skwâr ), n. [OF. esquarre, esquierre, F. équerre a carpenter's square ( cf. It. squadra ), fr. ( assumed ) LL. exquadrare to make square; L. ex + quadrus a square, fr. quattuor four. See Four, and cf. Quadrant, Squad, Squire a square.]
      1. ( Geom. ) The corner, or angle, of a figure. [Obs.] A parallelogram having four equal sides and four right angles.

      2. Hence, anything which is square, or nearly so; as: A square piece or fragment.

      He bolted his food down his capacious throat in squares of three inches. Sir W. Scott.

      A pane of glass. ( Print. ) A certain number of lines, forming a portion of a column, nearly square; -- used chiefly in reckoning the prices of advertisements in newspapers. ( Carp. ) One hundred superficial feet.

      3. An area of four sides, generally with houses on each side; sometimes, a solid block of houses; also, an open place or area for public use, as at the meeting or intersection of two or more streets.

      The statue of Alexander VII. stands in the large square of the town. Addison.

      4. ( Mech. & Joinery ) An instrument having at least one right angle and two or more straight edges, used to lay out or test square work. It is of several forms, as the T square, the carpenter's square, the try-square., etc.

      5. Hence, a pattern or rule. [Obs.]

      6. ( Arith. & Alg. ) The product of a number or quantity multiplied by itself; “square of 8, for 8 8 = 64; the square of a + b is a2 + 2ab + b2”.

      7. Exact proportion; justness of workmanship and conduct; regularity; rule. [Obs.]

      They of Galatia [were] much more out of square. Hooker.

      I have not kept my square. Shak.

      8. ( Mil. ) A body of troops formed in a square, esp. one formed to resist a charge of cavalry; a squadron. “The brave squares of war.” Shak.

      9. Fig.: The relation of harmony, or exact agreement; equality; level.

      We live not on the square with such as these. Dryden.

      10. ( Astrol. ) The position of planets distant ninety degrees from each other; a quadrate. [Obs.]

      11. The act of squaring, or quarreling; a quarrel. [R.]

      12. The front of a woman's dress over the bosom, usually worked or embroidered. [Obs.] Shak.

      fair and square in a fair, straightforward, and honest manner; justly; as, “he beat me fair and square”. -- Geometrical square. See Quadrat, n., 2. -- Hollow square ( Mil. ), a formation of troops in the shape of a square, each side consisting of four or five ranks, and the colors, officers, horses, etc., occupying the middle. -- Least square, Magic square, etc. See under Least, Magic, etc. -- On the square, or Upon the square, in an open, fair manner; honestly, or upon honor; justly. [Obs or Colloq.] at right angles. -- On the square with, or Upon the square with, upon equality with; even with. Nares. -- To be all squares, to be all settled. [Colloq.] Dickens. -- To be at square, to be in a state of quarreling. [Obs.] Nares. -- To break no squares, to give no offense; to make no difference. [Obs.] -- To break squares, to depart from an accustomed order. [Obs.] -- To see how the squares go, to see how the game proceeds; -- a phrase taken from the game of chess, the chessboard being formed with
      squares. [Obs.] L'Estrange.

    2. Square ( skwâr ), a.
      1. ( Geom. ) Having four equal sides and four right angles; as, “a square figure”.

      2. Forming a right angle; as, “a square corner”.

      3. Having a shape broad for the height, with rectilineal and angular rather than curving outlines; as, “a man of a square frame”.

      4. Exactly suitable or correspondent; true; just.

      She's a most triumphant lady, if report be square to her. Shak.

      5. Rendering equal justice; exact; fair; honest; as, “square dealing”.

      6. Even; leaving no balance; as, “to make or leave the accounts square”.

      7. Leaving nothing; hearty; vigorous.

      By Heaven, square eaters.

      More meat, I say. Beau. & Fl.

      8. ( Naut. ) At right angles with the mast or the keel, and parallel to the horizon; -- said of the yards of a square-rigged vessel when they are so braced.

      ☞ Square is often used in self-explaining compounds or combinations, as in square-built, square-cornered, square-cut, square-nosed, etc.

      Square foot, an area equal to that of a square the sides of which are twelve inches; 144 square inches. -- Square knot, a knot in which the terminal and standing parts are parallel to each other; a reef knot. See Illust. under Knot. -- Square measure, the measure of a superficies or surface which depends on the length and breadth taken conjointly. The units of square measure are squares whose sides are the linear measures; as, square inches, square feet, square meters, etc. -- Square number. See Square, n., 6. -- Square root of a number or Square root of a quantity ( Math. ), that number or quantity which, multiplied by itself, produces the given number or quantity. -- Square sail ( Naut. ), a four-sided sail extended upon a yard suspended by the middle; sometimes, the foresail of a schooner set upon a yard; also, a cutter's or sloop's sail boomed out. See Illust. of Sail. -- Square stern ( Naut. ), a stern having a transom and joining the counter timbers at an angle, as distinguished from a round stern,
      which has no transom. -- Three-square, Five-square, etc., having three, five, etc., equal sides; as, a three-square file. -- To get square with, to get even with; to pay off. [Colloq.]

    3. Square, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Squared ( skwârd ); p. pr. & vb. n. Squaring.] [Cf. OF. escarrer, esquarrer. See Square, n.]
      1. To form with four equal sides and four right angles. Spenser.

      2. To form with right angles and straight lines, or flat surfaces; as, “to square masons' work”.

      3. To compare with, or reduce to, any given measure or standard. Shak.

      4. To adjust; to regulate; to mold; to shape; to fit; as, “to square our actions by the opinions of others”.

      Square my trial

      To my proportioned strength. Milton.

      5. To make even, so as to leave no remainder or difference; to balance; as, “to square accounts”.

      6. ( Math. ) To multiply by itself; as, “to square a number or a quantity”.

      7. ( Astrol. ) To hold a quartile position respecting.

      The icy Goat and Crab that square the Scales. Creech.

      8. ( Naut. ) To place at right angles with the keel; as, “to square the yards”.

      To square one's shoulders, to raise the shoulders so as to give them a square appearance, -- a movement expressing contempt or dislike. Sir W. Scott. -- To square the circle ( Math. ), to determine the exact contents of a circle in square measure. The solution of this famous problem is now generally admitted to be impossible.

    4. Square, v. i.
      1. To accord or agree exactly; to be consistent with; to conform or agree; to suit; to fit.

      No works shall find acceptance . . .

      That square not truly with the Scripture plan. Cowper.

      2. To go to opposite sides; to take an attitude of offense or defense, or of defiance; to quarrel. [Obs.]

      Are you such fools

      To square for this? Shak.

      3. To take a boxing attitude; -- often with up, sometimes with off. [Colloq.] Dickens.