Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of state
Meaning of state by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From Latin status ( “manner of standing, attitude, position, carriage, manner, dress, apparel; and other senses” ), from stare ( “to stand” ) .


    • IPA: /steɪt/, X-SAMPA: /steIt/
    • Rhymes: -eɪt


    state ( plural: states )

    1. Any sovereign polity. A government.
    2. A political division of a federation retaining a degree of autonomy, for example one of the fifty United States. See also Province .
    3. A condition .
      A state of being .
      A state of emergency .
    4. Pomp, ceremony, or dignity .
      The President's body will lie in state at the Capitol .
    5. ( computing ) The stable condition of a processor during a particular clock cycle .
      In the fetch state, the address of the next instruction is placed on the address bus .
    6. ( computing ) The set of all parameters relevant to a computation .
      The state here includes a set containing all names seen so far .
    7. ( computing ) The values of all parameters at some point in a computation .
      A debugger can show the state of a program at any breakpoint .
    8. ( anthropology ) A society larger than a tribe. A society large enough to form a state in the sense of a government .
    9. ( sciences ) The physical property of matter as solid, liquid, gas or plasma
    10. ( mathematics, stochastic processes ) an element of the range of the random variables that define a random process .
    11. ( obsolete ) A great person, a dignitary; a lord or prince.

    Derived terms

    Look at pages starting with state .

    Related terms


    External links

    • state in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • state in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911


Explanation of state by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. put before

    2. express in words

    3. state your opinion
      state your name
    4. indicate through a symbol, formula, etc .

    1. the way something is with respect to its main attributes

    2. the current state of knowledge
      his state of health
      in a weak financial state
    3. the federal department in the United States that sets and maintains foreign policies

    4. the Department of State was created in 1789
    5. a politically organized body of people under a single government

    6. the state has elected a new president
    7. the group of people comprising the government of a sovereign state

    8. the state has lowered its income tax
    9. the territory occupied by a nation

    10. the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation

    11. his state is in the deep south
    12. a state of depression or agitation

    13. he was in such a state you just couldn't reason with him
    14. the three traditional states of matter are solids ( fixed shape and volume ) and liquids ( fixed volume and shaped by the container ) and gases ( filling the container )

    15. the solid state of water is called ice

    Definition of state by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. State ( stāt ), n. [OE. stat, OF. estat, F. état, fr. L. status a standing, position, fr. stare, statum, to stand. See Stand, and cf. Estate, Status.]
      1. The circumstances or condition of a being or thing at any given time.

      State is a term nearly synonymous with “mode,” but of a meaning more extensive, and is not exclusively limited to the mutable and contingent. Sir W. Hamilton.

      Declare the past and present state of things. Dryden.

      Keep the state of the question in your eye. Boyle.

      2. Rank; condition; quality; as, “the state of honor”.

      Thy honor, state, and seat is due to me. Shak.

      3. Condition of prosperity or grandeur; wealthy or prosperous circumstances; social importance.

      She instructed him how he should keep state, and yet with a modest sense of his misfortunes. Bacon.

      Can this imperious lord forget to reign,

      Quit all his state, descend, and serve again? Pope.

      4. Appearance of grandeur or dignity; pomp.

      Where least of state there most of love is shown. Dryden.

      5. A chair with a canopy above it, often standing on a dais; a seat of dignity; also, the canopy itself. [Obs.]

      His high throne, . . . under state

      Of richest texture spread. Milton.

      When he went to court, he used to kick away the state, and sit down by his prince cheek by jowl. Swift.

      6. Estate; possession. [Obs.] Daniel.

      Your state, my lord, again is yours. Massinger.

      7. A person of high rank. [Obs.] Latimer.

      8. Any body of men united by profession, or constituting a community of a particular character; as, “the civil and ecclesiastical states, or the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons, in Great Britain”. Cf. Estate, n., 6.

      9. The principal persons in a government.

      The bold design

      Pleased highly those infernal states. Milton.

      10. The bodies that constitute the legislature of a country; as, “the States-general of Holland”.

      11. A form of government which is not monarchial, as a republic. [Obs.]

      Well monarchies may own religion's name,

      But states are atheists in their very fame. Dryden.

      12. A political body, or body politic; the whole body of people who are united under one government, whatever may be the form of the government; a nation.

      Municipal law is a rule of conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state. Blackstone.

      The Puritans in the reign of Mary, driven from their homes, sought an asylum in Geneva, where they found a state without a king, and a church without a bishop. R. Choate.

      13. In the United States, one of the commonwealths, or bodies politic, the people of which make up the body of the nation, and which, under the national constitution, stand in certain specified relations with the national government, and are invested, as commonwealths, with full power in their several spheres over all matters not expressly inhibited.

      ☞ The term State, in its technical sense, is used in distinction from the federal system, i. e., the government of the United States.

      14. Highest and stationary condition, as that of maturity between growth and decline, or as that of crisis between the increase and the abating of a disease; height; acme. [Obs.]

      ☞ When state is joined with another word, or used adjectively, it denotes public, or what belongs to the community or body politic, or to the government; also, what belongs to the States severally in the American Union; as, state affairs; state policy; State laws of Iowa.

      Nascent state. ( Chem. ) See under Nascent. -- Secretary of state. See Secretary, n., 3. -- State bargea royal barge, or a barge belonging to a government. -- State bed, an elaborately carved or decorated bed. -- State carriage, a highly decorated carriage for officials going in state, or taking part in public processions. -- State paper, an official paper relating to the interests or government of a state. Jay. -- State prison, a public prison or penitentiary; -- called also State's prison. -- State prisoner, one in confinement, or under arrest, for a political offense. -- State rights, or States' rights, the rights of the several independent States, as distinguished from the rights of the Federal government. It has been a question as to what rights have been vested in the general government. [U.S.] -- State's evidence. See Probator, 2, and under Evidence. -- State sword, a sword used on state occasions, being borne before a sovereign by an attendant of high rank. -- State trial, a trial of a person
      for a political offense. -- States of the Church. See under Ecclesiastical.

      Syn. -- State, Situation, Condition. State is the generic term, and denotes in general the mode in which a thing stands or exists. The situation of a thing is its state in reference to external objects and influences; its condition is its internal state, or what it is in itself considered. Our situation is good or bad as outward things bear favorably or unfavorably upon us; our condition is good or bad according to the state we are actually in as respects our persons, families, property, and other things which comState ( stāt ), n. [OE. stat, OF. estat, F. état, fr. L. status a standing, position, fr. stare, statum, to stand. See Stand, and cf. Estate, Status.]
      1. The circumstances or condition of a being or thing at any given time.

      State is a term nearly synonymous with “mode,” but of a meaning more extensive, and is not exclusively limited to the mutable and contingent. Sir W. Hamilton.
    2. State ( stāt ), a.
      1. Stately. [Obs.] Spenser.

      2. Belonging to the state, or body politic; public.

    3. State, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stated; p. pr. & vb. n. Stating.]
      1. To set; to settle; to establish. [R.]

      I myself, though meanest stated,

      And in court now almost hated. Wither.

      Who calls the council, states the certain day. Pope.

      2. To express the particulars of; to set down in detail or in gross; to represent fully in words; to narrate; to recite; as, “to state the facts of a case, one's opinion, etc.”

      To state it. To assume state or dignity. [Obs.] “Rarely dressed up, and taught to state it.” Beau. & Fl.

    4. State, n. A statement; also, a document containing a statement. [R.] Sir W. Scott.