Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of stop
Meaning of stop by Wiktionary Dictionary

stop


    Pronunciation

    • ( RP ) enPR: stŏp, IPA: /stɒp/, X-SAMPA: /stQp/
    • ( GenAm ) enPR: stäp, IPA: /stɑp/, X-SAMPA: /stAp/
    • Rhymes: -ɒp

    Etymology 1

    From Middle English stoppen, stoppien, from Old English stoppian ( “to stop, close” ), from Proto-Germanic *stuppōnan ( “to stop, close” ), *stuppijanan ( “to push, pierce, prick” ), from Proto-Indo-European *stÁb( h )-, *stemb( h )- ( “to support, stamp, become angry, be amazed” ). Cognate with West Frisian stopje ( “to stop” ), Dutch stoppen ( “to stop” ), Low German stoppen ( “to stop” ), German stopfen ( “to be filling, stuff” ), German stoppen ( “to stop” ), Danish stoppe ( “to stop” ), Swedish & Icelandic stoppa ( “to stop” ), Middle High German stupfen, stüpfen ( “to pierce” ). More at stuff, stump .

    Alternate etymology derives Proto-Germanic *stuppōnan from an assumed Vulgar Latin *stūpāre, *stuppāre ( “to stop up with tow” ), from stūpa, stīpa, stuppa ( “tow, flax, oakum” ), from Ancient Greek στύπη ( stýpē ), στύππη ( stýppē, “tow, flax, oakum” ), from Proto-Indo-European *steyə- ( “to thicken, clump up, condense” ). This derivation, however, is doubtful, as the earliest instances of the Germanic verb do not carry the meaning of "stuff, stop with tow". Rather, these senses developed later in response to influence from similar sounding words in Latin and Romance[1] .

    Highway stop sign.

    Verb

    stop ( third-person singular simple present stops present participle stopping, simple past and past participle stopped )

    1. ( intransitive ) To cease moving .
      I stopped at the traffic lights .
    2. ( intransitive ) To come to an end .
      The riots stopped when police moved in .
      Soon the rain will stop .
    3. ( transitive ) To cause ( something ) to cease moving or progressing .
      The sight of the armed men stopped him in his tracks .
    4. ( transitive ) To cause ( something ) to come to an end .
      The referees stopped the fight .
    5. ( transitive ) To close or block an opening .
      He stopped the wound with gauze .
    6. ( transitive, intransitive, photography, often with "up" or "down" ) To adjust the aperture of a camera lens .
      To achieve maximum depth of field, he stopped down to an f-stop of 22 .
    7. ( intransitive ) To stay a while .
      He stopped for two weeks at the inn .
    8. ( intransitive ) To tarry .
      He stopped at his friend's house before continuing with his drive .
    Usage notes
    Synonyms
    Antonyms
    Derived terms

    Noun

    stop ( plural: stops )

    1. A ( usually marked ) place where line buses, trams or trains halt to let passengers get on and off .
      They agreed to see each other at the bus stop .
    2. An action of stopping; interruption of travel .
      That stop was not planned .
    3. A device intended to block the path of a moving object; as, a door stop .
    4. ( linguistics ) A consonant sound in which the passage of air through the mouth is temporarily blocked by the lips, tongue, or glottis .
    5. A symbol used for purposes of punctuation and representing a pause or separating clauses, particularly a full stop, comma, colon or semicolon .
    6. Short for a stopper, used in the phrase 'pull out all the stops' .
    7. A function that halts playback or recording in devices such as videocassette and DVD player .
    8. ( by extension ) A button that activates the stop function .
    9. ( music ) A knob or pin used to regulate the flow of air in an organ .
      The organ is loudest when all the stops are pulled .
    10. ( tennis ) A very short shot which touches the ground close behind the net and is intended to bounce as little as possible .
    11. ( zoology ) The depression in a dog’s face between the skull and the nasal bones .
      The stop in a bulldog's face is very marked .
    12. ( photography ) An f-stop .
    Synonyms
    Derived terms
    References
    1. ^ The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia, "stop" .

    Adverb

    stop ( not comparable )

    1. Prone to halting or hesitation .
      He’s stop still .

    Etymology 2

    From Middle English stoppe, from Old English stoppa ( “bucket, pail, a stop” ), from Proto-Germanic *stuppô ( “vat, vessel” ), from Proto-Indo-European *( s )teub- ( “to push, hit; stick, stump” ). Cognate with Norwegian stopp, stoppa ( “deep well, recess” ), Middle High German stubech, stübich ( "barrel, vat, unit of measure"; > German Stübchen ). Related also to Middle Low German stōp ( “beaker, flask” ), Middle High German stouf ( “beaker, flask” ), Norwegian staupa ( “goblet” ), Icelandic staupa ( “shot-glass” ), Old English stēap ( “a stoup, beaker, drinking vessel, cup, flagon” ). Cognate to Albanian shtambë ( “amphora, bucket” ). See stoup .

    Noun

    stop ( plural: stops )

    1. ( UK dialectal ) A small well-bucket; a milk-pail .

    Statistics

    Anagrams

    • opts
    • post, POST
    • pots, POTS
    • spot, Spot
    • tops


Explanation of stop by Wordnet Dictionary

stop


    Verb
    1. prevent completion

    2. stop the project
    3. stop and wait, as if awaiting further instructions or developments

    4. hold back, as of a danger or an enemy

    5. seize on its way

    6. render unsuitable for passage

    7. stop the busy road
    8. cause to stop

    9. stop a car
      stop the thief
    10. come to a halt, stop moving

    11. the car stopped
      She stopped in front of a store window
    12. interrupt a trip

    13. we stopped at Aunt Mary's house
      they stopped for three days in Florence
    14. stop from happening or developing

    15. have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense

    16. Your rights stop where you infringe upon the rights of other
    17. put an end to a state or an activity

    Noun
    1. a brief stay in the course of a journey

    2. they made a stopover to visit their friends
    3. the act of stopping something

    4. the third baseman made some remarkable stops
      his stoppage of the flow resulted in a flood
    5. an obstruction in a pipe or tube

    6. a restraint that checks the motion of something

    7. he used a book as a stop to hold the door open
    8. a mechanical device in a camera that controls size of aperture of the lens

    9. a knob on an organ that is pulled to change the sound quality from the organ pipes

    10. the organist pulled out all the stops
    11. a punctuation mark ( . ) placed at the end of a declarative sentence to indicate a full stop or after abbreviations

    12. in England they call a period a stop
    13. a consonant produced by stopping the flow of air at some point and suddenly releasing it

    14. his stop consonants are too aspirated
    15. the event of something ending

    16. it came to a stop at the bottom of the hill
    17. a spot where something halts or pauses

    18. his next stop is Atlanta
    19. the state of inactivity following an interruption

    20. he spent the entire stop in his seat


    Definition of stop by GCIDE Dictionary

    stop


    1. Stop v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stopped ; p. pr. & vb. n. Stopping.] [OE. stoppen, AS. stoppian ( in comp. ); akin to LG. & D. stoppen, G. stopfen, Icel. stoppa, Sw. stoppa, Dan. stoppe; all probably fr. LL. stopare, stupare, fr. L. stuppa the coarse part of flax, tow, oakum. Cf. Estop, Stuff, Stupe a fomentation.]
      1. To close, as an aperture, by filling or by obstructing; as, “to stop the ears”; hence, to stanch, as a wound. Shak.

      2. To obstruct; to render impassable; as, “to stop a way, road, or passage”.

      3. To arrest the progress of; to hinder; to impede; to shut in; as, “to stop a traveler; to stop the course of a stream, or a flow of blood”.

      4. To hinder from acting or moving; to prevent the effect or efficiency of; to cause to cease; to repress; to restrain; to suppress; to interrupt; to suspend; as, “to stop the execution of a decree, the progress of vice, the approaches of old age or infirmity”.

      Whose disposition all the world well knows

      Will not be rubbed nor stopped. Shak.

      5. ( Mus. ) To regulate the sounds of, as musical strings, by pressing them against the finger board with the finger, or by shortening in any way the vibrating part.

      6. To point, as a composition; to punctuate. [R.]

      If his sentences were properly stopped. Landor.

      7. ( Naut. ) To make fast; to stopper.

      Syn. -- To obstruct; hinder; impede; repress; suppress; restrain; discontinue; delay; interrupt.

      To stop off ( Founding ), to fill ( a part of a mold ) with sand, where a part of the cavity left by the pattern is not wanted for the casting. -- To stop the mouth. See under Mouth.

    2. Stop v. i.
      1. To cease to go on; to halt, or stand still; to come to a stop.

      He bites his lip, and starts;

      Stops on a sudden, looks upon the ground;

      Then lays his finger on his temple: strait

      Springs out into fast gait; then stops again. Shak.

      2. To cease from any motion, or course of action.

      Stop, while ye may, suspend your mad career! Cowper.

      3. To spend a short time; to reside temporarily; to stay; to tarry; as, “to stop with a friend”. [Colloq.]

      By stopping at home till the money was gone. R. D. Blackmore.

      To stop over, to stop at a station or airport beyond the time of the departure of the train or airplane on which one came, with the purpose of continuing one's journey on a subsequent train or airplane; to break one's journey. See stopover, n.

    3. Stop, n.
      1. The act of stopping, or the state of being stopped; hindrance of progress or of action; cessation; repression; interruption; check; obstruction.

      It is doubtful . . . whether it contributed anything to the stop of the infection. De Foe.

      Occult qualities put a stop to the improvement of natural philosophy. Sir I. Newton.

      It is a great step toward the mastery of our desires to give this stop to them. Locke.

      2. That which stops, impedes, or obstructs; as obstacle; an impediment; an obstruction.

      A fatal stop traversed their headlong course. Daniel.

      So melancholy a prospect should inspire us with zeal to oppose some stop to the rising torrent. Rogers.

      3. ( Mach. ) A device, or piece, as a pin, block, pawl, etc., for arresting or limiting motion, or for determining the position to which another part shall be brought.

      4. ( Mus. ) The closing of an aperture in the air passage, or pressure of the finger upon the string, of an instrument of music, so as to modify the tone; hence, any contrivance by which the sounds of a musical instrument are regulated.

      The organ sound a time survives the stop. Daniel.

      In the organ, one of the knobs or handles at each side of the organist, by which he can draw on or shut off any register or row of pipes; the register itself; as, the vox humana stop.

      5. ( Arch. ) A member, plain or molded, formed of a separate piece and fixed to a jamb, against which a door or window shuts. This takes the place, or answers the purpose, of a rebate. Also, a pin or block to prevent a drawer from sliding too far.

      6. A point or mark in writing or printing intended to distinguish the sentences, parts of a sentence, or clauses; a mark of punctuation. See Punctuation.

      7. ( Opt. ) The diaphragm used in optical instruments to cut off the marginal portions of a beam of light passing through lenses.

      8. ( Zool. ) The depression in the face of a dog between the skull and the nasal bones. It is conspicuous in the bulldog, pug, and some other breeds.

      9. ( Phonetics ) Some part of the articulating organs, as the lips, or the tongue and palate, closed so as to cut off the passage of breath or voice through the mouth and the nose ( distinguished as a lip-stop, or a front-stop, etc., as in p, t, d, etc. ), or so as to obstruct, but not entirely cut off, the passage, as in l, n, etc.; also, any of the consonants so formed. H. Sweet.

      Stop bead ( Arch. ), the molding screwed to the inner side of a window frame, on the face of the pulley stile, completing the groove in which the inner sash is to slide. -- Stop motion ( Mach. ), an automatic device for arresting the motion of a machine, as when a certain operation is completed, or when an imperfection occurs in its performance or product, or in the material which is supplied to it, etc. -- Stop plank, one of a set of planks employed to form a sort of dam in some hydraulic works. -- Stop valve, a valve that can be closed or opened at will, as by hand, for preventing or regulating flow, as of a liquid in a pipe; -- in distinction from a valve which is operated by the action of the fluid it restrains. -- Stop watch, a watch the hands of which can be stopped in order to tell exactly the time that has passed, as in timing a race. See Independent seconds watch, under Independent, a.

      Syn. -- Cessation; check; obstruction; obstacle; hindrance; impediment; interruption.