Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of subject
Meaning of subject by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From Middle English subget, from Old French suget, from Latin subiectus ( “lying under or near, adjacent, also subject, exposed” ), as a noun, subiectus ( “a subject, an inferior” ), subiectum ( “the subject of a proposition” ), past participle of subiciō ( “throw, lay, place” ), from sub ( “under, at the foot of” ) + iaciō ( “throw, hurl” ) .

    Pronunciation 1

    • received pronunciation ( UK English ) IPA: /ˈsʌb.dʒɪkt/
    • enPR: sŭbʹjĕkt, IPA: /ˈsʌb.dʒɛkt/, X-SAMPA: /"sVbdZEkt/
    • Hyphenation: sub‧ject


    subject ( comparative more subject, superlative most subject )

    1. Likely to be affected by or experience something .
      Menu listings and prices are subject to change .
      He's subject to sneezing fits .
    2. Conditional upon .
      The local board sets local policy, subject to approval from the State Board .


    subject ( plural: subjects )

    1. ( grammar ) In a clause: the word or word group ( usually a noun phrase ) that is dealt with. In active clauses with verbs denoting an action, the subject and the actor are usually the same .
      “In the sentence ‘The mouse is eaten by the cat in the kitchen.’, ‘The mouse’ is the subject, ‘the cat’ being the agent.”
    2. The main topic of a paper, work of art, discussion, etc .
    3. A particular area of study .
      Her favorite subject is physics .
    4. A citizen in a monarchy .
      I am a British subject .
    5. A person ruled over by another, especially a monarch or state authority .
    Derived terms

    See also

    Pronunciation 2

    • enPR: səb-jĕktʹ, IPA: /səbˈdʒɛkt/, /sʌbˈdʒɛkt/, X-SAMPA: /s@b"dZEkt/
    • Rhymes: -ɛkt
    • Hyphenation: sub‧ject


    External links

    • subject in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • subject in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Explanation of subject by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. refer for judgment or consideration

    2. make accountable for

    3. He did not want to subject himself to the judgments of his superiors
    4. cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to

    5. He subjected me to his awful poetry
      The sergeant subjected the new recruits to many drills
      People in Chernobyl were subjected to radiation
    6. make subservient

    1. likely to be affected by something

    2. the bond is subject to taxation
      he is subject to fits of depression
    3. being under the power or sovereignty of another or others

    4. subject peoples
    5. possibly accepting or permitting

    6. the time is fixed by the director and players and therefore subject to much variation
    1. something ( a person or object or scene ) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation

    2. a moving picture of a train is more dramatic than a still picture of the same subject
    3. some situation or event that is thought about

    4. he had been thinking about the subject for several years
    5. a branch of knowledge

    6. teachers should be well trained in their subject
    7. one of the two main constituents of a sentence

    8. the first term of a proposition

    9. the subject matter of a conversation or discussion

    10. he didn't want to discuss that subject
    11. a person who owes allegiance to that nation

    12. a monarch has a duty to his subjects
    13. a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures

    14. the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly

    Definition of subject by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Subject a. [OE. suget, OF. souzget, sougit ( in which the first part is L. subtus below, fr. sub under ), subgiet, subject, F. sujet, from L. subjectus lying under, subjected, p. p. of subjicere, subicere, to throw, lay, place, or bring under; sub under + jacere to throw. See Jet a shooting forth.]
      1. Placed or situated under; lying below, or in a lower situation. [Obs.] Spenser.

      2. Placed under the power of another; specifically ( International Law ), owing allegiance to a particular sovereign or state; as, “Jamaica is subject to Great Britain”.

      Esau was never subject to Jacob. Locke.

      3. Exposed; liable; prone; disposed; as, “a country subject to extreme heat; men subject to temptation.”

      All human things are subject to decay. Dryden.

      4. Obedient; submissive.

      Put them in mind to be subject to principalities. Titus iii. 1.

      Syn. -- Liable; subordinate; inferior; obnoxious; exposed. See Liable.

    2. Subject, n. [From L. subjectus, through an old form of F. sujet. See Subject, a.]
      1. That which is placed under the authority, dominion, control, or influence of something else.

      2. Specifically: One who is under the authority of a ruler and is governed by his laws; one who owes allegiance to a sovereign or a sovereign state; as, “a subject of Queen Victoria; a British subject; a subject of the United States.”

      Was never subject longed to be a king,

      As I do long and wish to be a subject. Shak.

      The subject must obey his prince, because God commands it, human laws require it. Swift.

      ☞ In international law, the term subject is convertible with citizen.

      3. That which is subjected, or submitted to, any physical operation or process; specifically ( Anat. ), a dead body used for the purpose of dissection.

      4. That which is brought under thought or examination; that which is taken up for discussion, or concerning which anything is said or done. “This subject for heroic song.” Milton.

      Make choice of a subject, beautiful and noble, which . . . shall afford an ample field of matter wherein to expatiate. Dryden.

      The unhappy subject of these quarrels. Shak.

      5. The person who is treated of; the hero of a piece; the chief character.

      Writers of particular lives . . . are apt to be prejudiced in favor of their subject. C. Middleton.

      6. ( Logic & Gram. ) That of which anything is affirmed or predicated; the theme of a proposition or discourse; that which is spoken of; as, “the nominative case is the subject of the verb”.

      The subject of a proposition is that concerning which anything is affirmed or denied. I. Watts.

      7. That in which any quality, attribute, or relation, whether spiritual or material, inheres, or to which any of these appertain; substance; substratum.

      That which manifests its qualities -- in other words, that in which the appearing causes inhere, that to which they belong -- is called their subject or substance, or substratum. Sir W. Hamilton.

      8. Hence, that substance or being which is conscious of its own operations; the mind; the thinking agent or principal; the ego. Cf. Object, n., 2.

      The philosophers of mind have, in a manner, usurped and appropriated this expression to themselves. Accordingly, in their hands, the phrases conscious or thinking subject, and subject, mean precisely the same thing. Sir W. Hamilton.

      9. ( Mus. ) The principal theme, or leading thought or phrase, on which a composition or a movement is based.

      The earliest known form of subject is the ecclesiastical cantus firmus, or plain song. Rockstro.

      10. ( Fine Arts ) The incident, scene, figure, group, etc., which it is the aim of the artist to represent.

    3. Subject v. t. [imp. & p. p. Subjected ; p. pr. & vb. n. Subjecting.]
      1. To bring under control, power, or dominion; to make subject; to subordinate; to subdue.

      Firmness of mind that subjects every gratification of sense to the rule of right reason. C. Middleton.

      In one short view subjected to our eye,

      Gods, emperors, heroes, sages, beauties, lie. Pope.

      He is the most subjected, the most nslaved, who is so in his understanding. Locke.

      2. To expose; to make obnoxious or liable; as, “credulity subjects a person to impositions”.

      3. To submit; to make accountable.

      God is not bound to subject his ways of operation to the scrutiny of our thoughts. Locke.

      4. To make subservient.

      Subjected to his service angel wings. Milton.

      5. To cause to undergo; as, “to subject a substance to a white heat; to subject a person to a rigid test”.