- IPA: /sʌdn/
- Rhymes: -ʌdən
- Hyphenation: sud‧den
From Middle English sodain, from Anglo-Norman sodein, from Old French sodain, subdain ( “immediate, sudden” ), from Vulgar Latin *subitānus ( “sudden” ), from Latin subitaneus ( “sudden” ), from subitus ( “sudden", literally, "that which has come stealthily” ), originally the past participle of subire ( “to come or go stealthily” ), from sub ( “under” ) + ire ( “go” ) .
Explanation of sudden by Wordnet Dictionary
- Sudden a. [OE. sodian, sodein, OF. sodain, sudain, F. soudain, L. subitaneus, fr. subitus sudden, that has come unexpectedly, p. p. of subire to come on, to steal upon; sub under, secretly + ire to go. See Issue, and cf. Subitaneous.]
1. Happening without previous notice or with very brief notice; coming unexpectedly, or without the common preparation; immediate; instant; speedy. “O sudden wo!” Chaucer. “For fear of sudden death.” Shak.
Sudden fear troubleth thee. Job xxii. 10.
2. Hastly prepared or employed; quick; rapid.
Never was such a sudden scholar made. Shak.
The apples of Asphaltis, appearing goodly to the sudden eye. Milton.
3. Hasty; violent; rash; precipitate. [Obs.] Shak.
Syn. -- Unexpected; unusual; abrupt; unlooked-for.
-- Suddenly, adv. -- Suddenness, n.
- Sudden, adv. Suddenly; unexpectedly. [R.]
Herbs of every leaf that sudden flowered. Milton.
- Sudden, n. An unexpected occurrence; a surprise.
All of a sudden, On a sudden, Of a sudden, sooner than was expected; without the usual preparation; suddenly.
How art thou lost! how on a sudden lost! Milton.
He withdrew his opposition all of a sudden. Thackeray.
Definition of sudden by GCIDE Dictionary