Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of Surname
Meaning of surname by Wiktionary Dictionary



    • enPR: sûr'nām, IPA: /ˈsɜː( r )neɪm/, SAMPA: /"s3:( r )neIm/


    From Middle English < Old French sour-, sur- < Latin super ( “over, above, beyond” ) < base Proto-Indo-European *uper ( “over” ), the comparative of the base Proto-Indo-European *upo ( “under” ); + name .


    surname ( plural: surnames )

    1. A name that indicates to which family a person belongs, normally following that person’s given name( s ) in Western culture, and preceding it in Eastern .



Explanation of surname by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. the name used to identify the members of a family ( as distinguished from each member's given name )

    Definition of surname by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Surname n. [Pref. sur + name; really a substitution for OE. sournoun, from F. surnom. See Sur-, and Noun, Name.]
      1. A name or appellation which is added to, or over and above, the baptismal or Christian name, and becomes a family name.

      ☞ Surnames originally designated occupation, estate, place of residence, or some particular thing or event that related to the person; thus, Edmund Ironsides; Robert Smith, or the smith; William Turner. Surnames are often also patronymics; as, John Johnson.

      2. An appellation added to the original name; an agnomen. “My surname, Coriolanus.” Shak.

      ☞ This word has been sometimes written sirname, as if it signified sire-name, or the name derived from one's father.

    2. Surname v. t. [imp. & p. p. Surnamed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Surnaming.] [Cf. F. surnommer.] To name or call by an appellation added to the original name; to give a surname to.

      Another shall subscribe with his hand unto the Lord, and surname himself by the name of Israel. Isa. xliv. 5.

      And Simon he surnamed Peter. Mark iii. 16.