Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of survey
Meaning of survey by Wiktionary Dictionary

survey


    Etymology

    From Old French sourveoir, surveer, from sour-, sur- ( “over” ) + veoir, veeir ( “to see” ), from Latin videre. See sur- and vision .

    Pronunciation

    • ( noun ):
      • ( UK ) IPA: /ˈsɜːveɪ/, X-SAMPA: /"s3:veI/, or, especially formerly, as the verb
      • ( US ) enPR: sûrʹvā, IPA: /ˈsɝveɪ/, X-SAMPA: /"s3`veI/, or, especially formerly, as the verb
    • Rhymes: -ɜː( ɹ )veɪ
    • ( verb ):
      • ( UK ) IPA: /səˈveɪ/, X-SAMPA: /s@"veI/
      • ( US ) enPR: sər-vāʹ, IPA: /sɚˈveɪ/, X-SAMPA: /s@`"veI/
    • Rhymes: -eɪ

    Noun

    survey ( plural: surveys )

    1. The act of surveying; a general view, as from above .
      "Under his proud survey the city lies." -Sir John Denham .
    2. A particular view; an examination, especially an official examination, of all the parts or particulars of a thing, with a design to ascertain the condition, quantity, or quality; as, a survey of the stores of a ship; a survey of roads and bridges; a survey of buildings .
    3. The operation of finding the contour, dimensions, position, or other particulars of, as any part of the earth's surface, whether land or water; also, a measured plan and description of any portion of country, or of a road or line through it .

    Synonyms

    See also

    Verb

    survey ( third-person singular simple present surveys present participle surveying, simple past and past participle surveyed )

    1. To inspect, or take a view of; to view with attention, as from a high place; to overlook; as, to stand on a hill, and survey the surrounding country .
      "Round he surveys and well might, where he stood, So high above." -John Milton .
    2. To view with a scrutinizing eye; to examine .
      "With such altered looks, . . . All pale and speechless, he surveyed me round." -John Dryden .
    3. To examine with reference to condition, situation, value, etc.; to examine and ascertain the state of; as, to survey a building in order to determine its value and exposure to loss by fire .
    4. To determine the form, extent, position, etc., of, as a tract of land, a coast, harbor, or the like, by means of linear and angular measurements, and the application of the principles of geometry and trigonometry; as, to survey land or a coast .
    5. To examine and ascertain, as the boundaries and royalties of a manor, the tenure of the tenants, and the rent and value of the same .
    6. To dispose of after determining that something is no longer useful for its intended purpose ( military ) "Surveyed Old Rope." -William Bligh .


Explanation of survey by Wordnet Dictionary

survey


    Verb
    1. consider in a comprehensive way

    2. plot a map of ( land )

    3. make a survey of

    4. hold a review ( of troops )

    5. look over carefully or inspect

    6. He surveyed his new classmates
    7. keep under surveillance

    Noun
    1. a detailed critical inspection

    2. the act of looking or seeing or observing

    3. his survey of the battlefield was limited
    4. short descriptive summary ( of events )



    Definition of survey by GCIDE Dictionary

    survey


    1. Survey v. t. [imp. & p. p. Surveyed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Surveying.] [OF. surveoir, surveer; sur, sor, over, E. sur + veoir, veeir, to see, F. voir, L. videre. See Sur-, and Vision, and cf. Supervise.]
      1. To inspect, or take a view of; to view with attention, as from a high place; to overlook; as, “to stand on a hill, and survey the surrounding country”.

      Round he surveys and well might, where he stood,

      So high above. Milton.

      2. To view with a scrutinizing eye; to examine.

      With such altered looks, . . .

      All pale and speechless, he surveyed me round. Dryden.

      3. To examine with reference to condition, situation, value, etc.; to examine and ascertain the state of; as, “to survey a building in order to determine its value and exposure to loss by fire”.

      4. To determine the form, extent, position, etc., of, as a tract of land, a coast, harbor, or the like, by means of linear and angular measurments, and the application of the principles of geometry and trigonometry; as, “to survey land or a coast”.

      5. To examine and ascertain, as the boundaries and royalties of a manor, the tenure of the tenants, and the rent and value of the same. [Eng.] Jacob ( Law Dict. ).

    2. Survey n. [Formerly accentuated universally on the last syllable, and still so accented by many speakers.]
      1. The act of surveying; a general view, as from above.

      Under his proud survey the city lies. Sir J. Denham.

      2. A particular view; an examination, especially an official examination, of all the parts or particulars of a thing, with a design to ascertain the condition, quantity, or quality; as, “a survey of the stores of a ship; a survey of roads and bridges; a survey of buildings”.

      3. The operation of finding the contour, dimensions, position, or other particulars of, as any part of the earth's surface, whether land or water; also, a measured plan and description of any portion of country, or of a road or line through it.

      Survey of dogs. See Court of regard, under Regard. -- Trigonometrical survey, a survey of a portion of country by measuring a single base, and connecting it with various points in the tract surveyed by a series of triangles, the angles of which are carefully measured, the relative positions and distances of all parts being computed from these data.

      Syn. -- Review; retrospect; examination; prospect.