- ( when stressed or prevocalic )
- ( UK ) enPR: thē, IPA: /ðiː/, X-SAMPA: /Di:/
- ( some UK dialects ) enPR: thə, IPA: /ðə/, X-SAMPA: /D@/
- ( US ) enPR: thē, IPA: /ði/, X-SAMPA: /Di/
- Rhymes: -iː
- ( when unstressed and preconsonantal )
- When it is used for emphasis ( This is the hospital for heart surgery. ) .
- When the speaker pauses between the and the next word ( the … sovereignty ) .
- In many but not all dialects, when the next word begins with a vowel sound ( the onion ) ( compare with a vs. an ) .
- The typographical pronunciation /jiː/ ( "Ye Old..." ) is a deliberately archaic retronym from ẏe, which is a variant spelling of þe, from Old English þē pronounced thē, /ðeː/ ( using ẏ in place of the thorn ( þ ). It is not actually a separate pronunciation in Middle English .
- The actual morpheme /jiː/ in Middle English represents ȝe-, a variant spelling of the prefix y- attached to verbs and used to denote a verbal past participle .
- Definite grammatical article that implies necessarily that an entity it articulates is presupposed; something already mentioned, or completely specified later in that same sentence, or assumed already completely specified. [from 10th c.]
- Used before an object considered to be unique, or of which there is only one at a time. [from 10th c.]
- With a superlative, it and that superlative refer to one object. [from 9th c.]
- Introducing a term to be taken generically; preceding a name of something standing for a whole class. [from 9th c.]
- Used before an adjective, indicating all things ( especially persons ) described by that adjective. [from 9th c.]
- Used to indicate a certain example of ( a noun ) which is most usually of concern, or most common or familiar. [from 12th c.]
- Used before a body part ( especially of someone previously mentioned ), as an alternative to a possessive pronoun. [from 12th c.]
- When stressed, indicates that it describes an object which is considered to be best or exclusively worthy of attention. [from 18th c.]
- 2012 May 27, Nathan Rabin, “TV: Review: THE SIMPSONS ( CLASSIC ): “New Kid On The Block” ( season 4, episode 8; originally aired 11/12/1992 )”, The Onion AV Club:
- The Netherlands
- The Bahamas
- The Solomon Islands
- The Maldives
- The Seychelles
- The Philippines
- The Yemen ( can also be used without an article )
- The Sudan ( can also be used without an article )
- The Ukraine ( article dropped since 1991 )
- The Lebanon ( usually used without the article )
- The United States
- The United Kingdom
- The United Arab Emirates
- The Czech Republic
- Place names
- All oceans ( The Atlantic Ocean, The Pacific Ocean )
- All seas ( The Red Sea, The Bering Sea, The Caribbean Sea ), and straits ( The Strait of Magellan, the Bering Strait, The Bosphorus )
- All rivers ( The Amazon, The Nile, The Mississippi, The Seine, The Yangtze ), canals ( The Panama Canal, The Suez Canal ) and deltas ( The Nile Delta, The Orinoco Delta, The Colorado River Delta )
- All art galleries ( The Tate, The Louvre, The Smithsonian US Art Museum ), all museums with the word museum in the name ( The National Museum of Natural History, The UK Museums )
- Most English-language newspapers ( The New York Times, The Guardian, The Chronicle, The Wall Street Journal )
- With a comparative or more and a verb phrase, establishes a parallel with one or more other such comparatives .
- With a comparative, and often with for it, indicates a result more like said comparative. This can be negated with none .
- ETH, Eth, eth, het, TEH, teh
From Middle English, from Old English þē ( “the, that”, demonstrative pronoun ), a late variant of sē ( “that, the” ). Originally masculine nominative, in Middle English it superseded all previous Old English forms ( sē, sēo, þæt, þā ), from Proto-Germanic *sa ( “that” ), from Proto-Indo-European *só, *to-, *tód ( “demonstrative pronoun” ). Cognate with Dutch de, die ( “the, that” ), Low German de, dat ( “the, that” ), German der, die, das ( “the, that” ), Danish den ( “the, that” ), Swedish den ( “the, that” ), Icelandic það ( “that” ) .
From Middle English, from Old English þȳ ( “by that, after that, whereby” ), originally the instrumental case of the demonstratives sē ( masculine ) and þæt ( neuter ). Cognate with Dutch des te ( "the, the more" ), German desto ( "the, all the more" ), Norwegian fordi ( "because" ), Icelandic því ( “because” ) .
Definition of the by GCIDE Dictionary
- The ( thē ), v. i. See Thee. [Obs.] Chaucer. Milton.
- The ( thē, when emphatic or alone; the, obscure before a vowel; the, obscure before a consonant; 37 ), definite article. [AS. ðē, a later form for earlier nom. sing. masc. sē, formed under the influence of the oblique cases. See That, pron.] A word placed before nouns to limit or individualize their meaning.
☞ The was originally a demonstrative pronoun, being a weakened form of that. When placed before adjectives and participles, it converts them into abstract nouns; as, the sublime and the beautiful. Burke. The is used regularly before many proper names, as of rivers, oceans, ships, etc.; as, the Nile, the Atlantic, the Great Eastern, the West Indies, The Hague. The with an epithet or ordinal number often follows a proper name; as, Alexander the Great; Napoleon the Third. The may be employed to individualize a particular kind or species; as, the grasshopper shall be a burden. Eccl. xii. 5.
- The, adv. [AS. ðē, ðȳ, instrumental case of sē, seó, ðæt, the definite article. See 2d The.] By that; by how much; by so much; on that account; -- used before comparatives; as, “the longer we continue in sin, the more difficult it is to reform”. “Yet not the more cease I.” Milton.
So much the rather thou, Celestial Light,
Shine inward, and the mind through all her powers