Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of this
Meaning of this by Wiktionary Dictionary



    Middle English, from Old English þis ( neuter demonstrative ), from North Sea Germanic base *þa-, from Proto-Germanic *þat, from Proto-Indo-European *tód, extended form of demonstrative base *to-; + North Sea Germanic definitive suffix -s, from Proto-Indo-European *só ( “this, that” ) .


    • enPR: thĭs, IPA: /ðɪs/, X-SAMPA: /DIs/
    • Rhymes: -ɪs
    • ( New Zealand ) Homophone: thus


    this ( plural: these )

    1. The ( thing ) here ( used in indicating something or someone nearby ) .
      This classroom is where I learned to read and write .
    2. The known ( thing ) ( used in indicating something or someone just mentioned ) .
      They give the appearance of knowing what they're doing. It's this appearance that lets them get away with so much .
    3. The known ( thing ) ( used in indicating something or someone about to be mentioned ) .
      When asked what he wanted for his birthday, he gave this reply: “[…]”
    4. A known ( thing ) ( used in first mentioning a person or thing that the speaker does not think is known to the audience ). Compare with "a certain ..." .
      I met this woman the other day who's allergic to wheat. I didn't even know that was possible!
      There's just this nervous mannerism that Bob has with his hands, and it drives me crazy .

    Related terms

    • that, these, those

    Derived terms


    this ( not comparable )

    1. To the degree or extent indicated .
      I need this much water .
      We've already come this far, we can't turn back now .


    this ( plural: these )

    1. The thing, item, etc. being indicated .
      This is the excellent foppery of the world, that, when we are sick in fortune,—often the surfeit of our own behaviour,—we make guilty of our disasters the sun, the moon, and the stars […] — Shakespeare, King Lear, Act 1. Scene 2 .

    Related terms

    • that, these, those



    1. ( Internet slang ) Indicates the speaker's strong approval or agreement with the previous material .



Definition of this by GCIDE Dictionary


  1. This ( thĭs ), pron. & a.; pl. These ( thēz ). [OE. this, thes, AS. ðēs, masc., ðeós, fem., ðis, neut.; akin to OS. these, D. deze, G. dieser, OHG. diser, deser, Icel. þessi; originally from the definite article + a particle -se, -si; cf. Goth. sai behold. See The, That, and cf. These, Those.]
    1. As a demonstrative pronoun, this denotes something that is present or near in place or time, or something just mentioned, or that is just about to be mentioned.

    When they heard this, they were pricked in their heart. Acts ii. 37.

    But know this, that if the good man of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched. Matt. xxiv. 43.

    2. As an adjective, this has the same demonstrative force as the pronoun, but is followed by a noun; as, “this book; this way to town”.

    ☞ This may be used as opposed or correlative to that, and sometimes as opposed to other or to a second this. See the Note under That, 1.

    This way and that wavering sails they bend. Pope.

    A body of this or that denomination is produced. Boyle.

    Their judgment in this we may not, and in that we need not, follow. Hooker.

    Consider the arguments which the author had to write this, or to design the other, before you arraign him. Dryden.

    Thy crimes . . . soon by this or this will end. Addison.

    ☞ This, like a, every, that, etc., may refer to a number, as of years, persons, etc., taken collectively or as a whole.

    This twenty years have I been with thee.. Gen. xxxi. 38.

    I have not wept this years; but now

    My mother comes afresh into my eyes. Dryden.