Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of thou
Meaning of thou by Wiktionary Dictionary

thou


    Etymology 1

    From Middle English thou, thow, thu, þou, from Old English þū, from Proto-Germanic *þū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Akin to Old Frisian thū ( West Frisian do ), Old Saxon thū ( Low German du ), Old Dutch thū ( Middle Dutch du, Limburgish doe ), Old High German dū ( German du ), Old Norse þú, ( Icelandic þú, Danish du, Norwegian du, Swedish du ), Latin tu, Ancient Greek σύ ( sý ) ( Modern Greek εσύ ( esý ) ) .

    Pronunciation

    • enPR: thou, IPA: /ðaʊ/, X-SAMPA: /DaU/
    • Rhymes: -aʊ

    Alternative form

    • thu, du, thow, tha

    Pronoun

    thou ( second person singular nominative case, plural ye or you, objective case thee, reflexive thyself, possessive determiner thy ( thine before a vowel ), possessive pronoun thine )

    1. ( archaic, literary, or dialectal ) you singular informal, nominative case
    Usage notes
    Derived terms
    See also

    Verb

    thou ( third-person singular simple present thous present participle thouing, simple past and past participle thoued )

    1. ( transitive ) To address ( a person ) using the pronoun thou, especially as an expression of familiarity or contempt.
      I thou thee, thou traitor! ( Edward Coke to Walter Raleigh )
      Don't thou them as thous thee! ( Yorkshire English admonition to overly familiar children )
    2. ( intransitive ) To use the word thou .

    Etymology 2

    Shortened from thousandth .

    Pronunciation

    • enPR: thou, IPA: /θaʊ/, X-SAMPA: /TaU/
      Rhymes: -aʊ

    Noun

    thou ( plural: thous )

    1. ( dated UK ) A unit of length equal to one-thousandth of an inch .
    Synonyms

    Etymology 3

    Shortened from thousand .

    Pronunciation

    • enPR: thou, IPA: /θaʊ/, X-SAMPA: /TaU/
      Rhymes: -aʊ

    Noun

    thou ( plural: thou )

    1. ( slang ) A thousand, especially a thousand dollars, a thousand pounds sterling, etc .

    Statistics

    • frequency based on Project Gutenberg corpus">Most common English words before 1923: asked · soon · almost · #217: thou · full · country · course


Explanation of thou by Wordnet Dictionary

thou


    Noun
    1. the cardinal number that is the product of 10 and 100



    Definition of thou by GCIDE Dictionary

    thou


    1. thou ( thou ), pron. [Sing.: nom. Thou; poss. Thy ( thī ) or Thine ( thīn ); obj. Thee ( thē ). Pl.: nom. You ; poss. Your ( yr ) or Yours ( yrz ); obj. You.] [OE. thou, þu, AS. ðū, ðu; akin to OS. & OFries. thu, G., Dan. & Sw. du, Icel. þū, Goth. þu, Russ. tui, Ir. & Gael. tu, W. ti, L. tu, Gr. σύ, Dor. τύ, Skr. tvam. √185. Cf. Thee, Thine, Te Deum.] The second personal pronoun, in the singular number, denoting the person addressed; thyself; the pronoun which is used in addressing persons in the solemn or poetical style.

      Art thou he that should come? Matt. xi. 3.

      ☞ “In Old English, generally, thou is the language of a lord to a servant, of an equal to an equal, and expresses also companionship, love, permission, defiance, scorn, threatening: whilst ye is the language of a servant to a lord, and of compliment, and further expresses honor, submission, or entreaty.” Skeat.

      ☞ Thou is now sometimes used by the Friends, or Quakers, in familiar discourse, though most of them corruptly say thee instead of thou.

    2. thou ( thou ), pron. [Sing.: nom. Thou; poss. Thy ( thī ) or Thine ( thīn ); obj. Thee ( thē ). Pl.: nom. You ; poss. Your ( yr ) or Yours ( yrz ); obj. You.] [OE. thou, þu, AS. ðū, ðu; akin to OS. & OFries. thu, G., Dan. & Sw. du, Icel. þū, Goth. þu, Russ. tui, Ir. & Gael. tu, W. ti, L. tu, Gr. σύ, Dor. τύ, Skr. tvam. √185. Cf. Thee, Thine, Te Deum.] The second personal pronoun, in the singular number, denoting the person addressed; thyself; the pronoun which is used in addressing persons in the solemn or poetical style.

      Art thou he that should come? Matt. xi. 3.

      ☞ “In Old English, generally, thou is the language of a lord to a servant, of an equal to an equal, and expresses also companionship, love, permission, defiance, scorn, threatening: whilst ye is the language of a servant to a lord, and of compliment, and further expresses honor, submission, or entreaty.” Skeat.

      ☞ Thou is now sometimes used by the Friends, or Quakers, in familiar discourse, though most of them corruptly say thee instead of thou.

    3. Thou, v. t. To address as thou, esp. to do so in order to treat with insolent familiarity or contempt.

      If thou thouest him some thrice, it shall not be amiss. Shak.

    4. Thou, v. i. To use the words thou and thee in discourse after the manner of the Friends. [R.]