Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of through
Meaning of through by Wiktionary Dictionary

through


    Alternative forms

    • thorow ( obsolete ), thru

    Etymology 1

    From Middle English *thrugh, thruch, thruh, metathetic variants of Middle English thurgh, thurh, from Old English þorh, þurh, þerh, þærh ( “through, for, during, by, by means of, by use of, because of, in consequence of” ), from Proto-Germanic *þurh, *þerh ( “through” ), from Proto-Indo-European *ter- ( “through, throughout, over” ). Cognate with Scots throch ( “through” ), West Frisian troch ( “through” ), Dutch door ( “through” ), German durch ( “through” ), Gothic ( þaírh, “through” ), Latin trans ( “across, over, through” ), Welsh tra ( “through” ). See also thorough .

    Pronunciation

    • ( UK ) IPA: /θɹuː/, X-SAMPA: /Tru:/
    • ( US ) IPA: /θɹu/help, X-SAMPA: /Tru/
    • Homophone: threw

    Preposition

    through

    1. From one side of an opening to the other .
      I went through the window .
    2. Entering, then later exiting .
      I drove through the town at top speed without looking left or right .
    3. Surrounded by ( while moving ) .
      We slogged through the mud for hours before turning back and giving up .
    4. By means of .
      This team believes in winning through intimidation .
    5. ( North America ) To ( or up to ) and including, with all intermediate values .
      From 1945 through 1991 .
      The numbers 1 through 9 .
      Your membership is active through March 15, 2013 .
    Derived terms

    Adjective

    through ( not comparable )

    1. Passing from one side of an object to the other .
      Interstate highways form a nationwide system of through roads .
    2. Finished; complete
      They were through with laying the subroof by noon .
    3. Valueless; without a future .
      After being implicated in the scandal, he was through as an executive in financial services .
    4. No longer interested .
      She was through with him .
    5. Proceeding from origin to destination without delay due to change of equipment .
      The through flight through Memphis was the fastest .

    Adverb

    through ( not comparable )

    1. From one side to the other by way of the interior .
      The arrow went straight through .
    2. From one end to the other .
      Others slept; he worked straight through .
    3. To the end .
      He said he would see it through .
    4. Completely .
      Leave the yarn in the dye overnight so the color soaks through .
    5. Out into the open .
      The American army broke through at St. Lo .

    See also

    • Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "Bounded landmarks", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8

    Etymology 2

    From Old English þrūh

    Pronunciation

    • IPA: /θrʌf/

    Noun

    through ( plural: throughs )

    1. A large slab of stone laid on a tomb .

    Statistics



Explanation of through by Wordnet Dictionary

through


    Adverb
    1. throughout the entire extent

    2. got soaked through in the rain
      I'm frozen through
      a letter shot through with the writer's personality
      knew him through and through
      boards rotten through and through
    3. over the whole distance

    4. this bus goes through to New York
    5. in diameter

    6. this cylinder measures 15 inches through
    7. from beginning to end

    8. read this book through
    9. to completion

    10. think this through very carefully!
    Adjective
    1. ( of a route or journey etc. ) continuing without requiring stops or changes

    2. a through street
      a through bus
      through traffic
    3. having finished or arrived at completion

    4. after the treatment, the patient is through except for follow-up
      almost through with his studies


    Definition of through by GCIDE Dictionary

    through


    1. Through prep. [OE. thurgh, þurh, þuruh, þoruh, AS. þurh; akin to OS. thurh, thuru, OFries. thruch, D. door, OHG. durh, duruh, G. durch, Goth. þaírh; cf. Ir. tri, tre, W. trwy. √53. Cf. Nostril, Thorough, Thrill.]
      1. From end to end of, or from side to side of; from one surface or limit of, to the opposite; into and out of at the opposite, or at another, point; as, “to bore through a piece of timber, or through a board; a ball passes through the side of a ship”.

      2. Between the sides or walls of; within; as, “to pass through a door; to go through an avenue”.

      Through the gate of ivory he dismissed

      His valiant offspring. Dryden.

      3. By means of; by the agency of.

      Through these hands this science has passed with great applause. Sir W. Temple.

      Material things are presented only through their senses. Cheyne.

      4. Over the whole surface or extent of; as, “to ride through the country; to look through an account”.

      5. Among or in the midst of; -- used to denote passage; as, “a fish swims through the water; the light glimmers through a thicket”.

      6. From the beginning to the end of; to the end or conclusion of; as, “through life; through the year”.

    2. Through, adv.
      1. From one end or side to the other; as, “to pierce a thing through”.

      2. From beginning to end; as, “to read a letter through”.

      3. To the end; to a conclusion; to the ultimate purpose; as, “to carry a project through”.

      ☞ Through was formerly used to form compound adjectives where we now use thorough; as, through-bred; through-lighted; through-placed, etc.

      To drop through, to fall through; to come to naught; to fail. -- To fall through. See under Fall, v. i.


    3. Through a. Going or extending through; going, extending, or serving from the beginning to the end; thorough; complete; as, “a through line; a through ticket; a through train”. Also, admitting of passage through; as, “a through bridge”.

      Through bolt, a bolt which passes through all the thickness or layers of that which it fastens, or in which it is fixed. -- Through bridge, a bridge in which the floor is supported by the lower chords of the tissues instead of the upper, so that travel is between the trusses and not over them. Cf. Deck bridge, under Deck. -- Through cold, a deep-seated cold. [Obs.] Holland. -- Through stone, a flat gravestone. [Scot.] [Written also through stane.] Sir W. Scott. -- Through ticket, a ticket for the whole journey. -- Through train, a train which goes the whole length of a railway, or of a long route.