Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of throw
Meaning of throw by Wiktionary Dictionary



    • ( UK ) IPA: /θɹəʊ/
    • ( US ) IPA: /θɻoʊ/
    • Rhymes: -əʊ
    • Homophone: throe

    Etymology 1

    From Middle English throwen, thrawen, from Old English þrāwan ( “to turn, twist, curl, rack, torture, turn around” ), from Proto-Germanic *þrēanan ( “to turn” ), from Proto-Indo-European *ter- ( “to rub, rub by twisting, twist, turn” ). Cognate with Scots thraw ( “to twist, turn, throw” ), Dutch draaien ( “to turn” ), Low German draien, dreien ( “to turn ( in a lathe )” ), German drehen ( “to turn” ), Danish dreje ( “to turn” ), Swedish dreja ( “to turn” ), Albanian dredh ( “to turn, twist, tremble” ) .


    throw ( third-person singular simple present throws present participle throwing, simple past threw, past participle thrown )

    1. ( transitive ) To cause an object to move rapidly through the air .
    2. ( transitive ) To eject or cause to fall off .
      throw a shoe
      throw a rod
      the horse threw its rider
    3. ( transitive ) To move to another position; to displace .
      throw the switch
    4. ( ceramics ) To make ( a pot ) by shaping clay as it turns on a wheel .
    5. ( transitive, cricket ) Of a bowler, to deliver ( the ball ) illegally by straightening the bowling arm during delivery .
    6. ( transitive, computing ) To send ( an error ) to an exception-handling mechanism in order to interrupt normal processing .
      If the file is read-only, the method throws an invalid operation exception .
    7. ( sports ) to intentionally lose a game
      The tennis player was accused of taking bribes to throw the match .
    8. ( transitive, informal ) To confuse or mislead .
      The deliberate red herring threw me at first .
    9. ( figuratively ) To send desperately
    10. ( transitive ) To imprison.
    11. To organize an event, especially a party.
    12. To roll ( a die or dice ).
    13. ( transitive ) To cause a certain number on the die or dice to be shown after rolling it.
    14. ( transitive, bridge ) To discard
    15. ( martial arts ) To lift the opponent off the ground and bring him back down, especially into a position behind the thrower .
    16. ( transitive ) To subject someone to verbally.
    17. ( transitive, said of animals ) To give birth to.
    18. ( transitive, said of one's voice ) To change in order to give the illusion that the voice is that of someone else.
    19. ( transitive ) To show sudden emotion, especially anger.
    20. ( transitive ) To project or send forth
    Derived terms


    throw ( plural: throws )

    1. The flight of a thrown object; as, a fast throw .
    2. The act of throwing something .
    3. A distance travelled; displacement; as, the throw of the piston .
    4. A piece of fabric used to cover a bed, sofa or other soft furnishing .
    5. A single instance, occurrence, venture, or chance .
      Football tickets are expensive at fifty bucks a throw .

    Derived terms

    See also

    • Krueger, Dennis ( December 1982 ). "Why On Earth Do They Call It Throwing?" Studio Potter Vol. 11, Number 1.[2]

    Etymology 2

    Middle English throwe, alteration of thrawe from Old English þrāwu ( “labor pang, agony in childbirth or death” ), akin to Old English þrēa ( “affliction, pang” ), þrōwan ( “to suffer” ). More at throe


    throw ( plural: throws )

    1. Pain, especially pain associated with childbirth; throe
    2. ( veterinary ) The act of giving birth in animals, especially in cows .

    Etymology 3

    From Middle English, from Old English þrāh, þrāg ( “space of time, period, while” ). Of uncertain origin. Perhaps related to Gothic �������������� ( þragjan, “to run” ) .


    throw ( plural: throws )

    1. ( obsolete ) A moment, time, occasion .
    2. ( obsolete ) A period of time; a while.


Explanation of throw by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. be confusing or perplexing to

    2. This question completely threw me
    3. convey or communicate

    4. Throw a glance
    5. utter with force

    6. throw accusations at someone
    7. throw ( a die ) out onto a flat surface

    8. Throw a six
    9. place or put with great energy

    10. She threw the blanket around the child
    11. propel through the air

    12. throw a frisbee
    13. cause to go on or to be engaged or set in operation

    14. throw the lever
    15. get rid of

    16. cause to fall off

    17. The horse threw its inexperienced rider
    18. put or send forth

    19. She threw the flashlight beam into the corner
      The setting sun threw long shadows
    20. make on a potter's wheel

    21. she threw a beautiful teapot
    22. organize or be responsible for

    23. have, throw, or make a party
    24. cause to be confused emotionally

    25. move violently, energetically, or carelessly

    26. She threw herself forwards
    27. to put into a state or activity hastily, suddenly, or carelessly

    28. Jane threw dinner together
      throw the car into reverse
    1. the act of throwing ( propelling something with a rapid movement of the arm and wrist )

    2. the catcher made a good throw to second base
    3. casting an object in order to determine an outcome randomly

    4. he risked his fortune on a throw of the dice
    5. bedclothes consisting of a lightweight cloth covering ( an afghan or bedspread ) that is casually thrown over something

    6. the maximum movement available to a pivoted or reciprocating piece by a cam

    7. a single chance or instance

    8. he couldn't afford $50 a throw

    Definition of throw by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Throw ( thrō ), n. [See Throe.] Pain; especially, pain of travail; throe. [Obs.] Spenser. Dryden.

    2. Throw, n. [AS. þrāh, þrāg.] Time; while; space of time; moment; trice. [Obs.] Shak.

      I will with Thomas speak a little throw. Chaucer.

    3. Throw, v. t. [imp. Threw ( thru ); p. p. Thrown ( thrōn ); p. pr. & vb. n. Throwing.] [OE. þrowen, þrawen, to throw, to twist, AS. þrāwan to twist, to whirl; akin to D. draaijen, G. drehen, OHG. drājan, L. terebra an auger, gimlet, Gr. to bore, to turn, to pierce, a hole. Cf. Thread, Trite, Turn, v. t.]
      1. To fling, cast, or hurl with a certain whirling motion of the arm, to throw a ball; -- distinguished from to toss, or to bowl.

      2. To fling or cast in any manner; to drive to a distance from the hand or from an engine; to propel; to send; as, “to throw stones or dust with the hand; a cannon throws a ball; a fire engine throws a stream of water to extinguish flames”.

      3. To drive by violence; as, “a vessel or sailors may be thrown upon a rock”.

      4. ( Mil. ) To cause to take a strategic position; as, “he threw a detachment of his army across the river”.

      5. To overturn; to prostrate in wrestling; as, “a man throws his antagonist”.

      6. To cast, as dice; to venture at dice.

      Set less than thou throwest. Shak.

      7. To put on hastily; to spread carelessly.

      O'er his fair limbs a flowery vest he threw. Pope.

      8. To divest or strip one's self of; to put off.

      There the snake throws her enameled skin. Shak.

      9. ( Pottery ) To form or shape roughly on a throwing engine, or potter's wheel, as earthen vessels.

      10. To give forcible utterance to; to cast; to vent.

      I have thrown

      A brave defiance in King Henry's teeth. Shak.

      11. To bring forth; to produce, as young; to bear; -- said especially of rabbits.

      12. To twist two or more filaments of, as silk, so as to form one thread; to twist together, as singles, in a direction contrary to the twist of the singles themselves; -- sometimes applied to the whole class of operations by which silk is prepared for the weaver. Tomlinson.

      To throw away. To lose by neglect or folly; to spend in vain; to bestow without a compensation; as, “to throw away time; to throw away money”. To reject; as, “to throw away a good book, or a good offer”. -- To throw back. To retort; to cast back, as a reply. To reject; to refuse. To reflect, as light. -- To throw by, to lay aside; to discard; to neglect as useless; as, “to throw by a garment”. -- To throw down, to subvert; to overthrow; to destroy; as, “to throw down a fence or wall”. -- To throw in. To inject, as a fluid. To put in; to deposit with others; to contribute; as, “to throw in a few dollars to help make up a fund; to throw in an occasional comment”. To add without enumeration or valuation, as something extra to clinch a bargain. -- To throw off. To expel; to free one's self from; as, “to throw off a disease”. To reject; to discard; to abandon; as, “to throw off all sense of shame; to throw off a dependent”. To make a start in a hunt or race. [Eng.] --
      To throw on, to cast on; to load. -- To throw one's self down, to lie down neglectively or suddenly. -- To throw one's self on or To throw one's self upon. To fall upon. To resign one's self to the favor, clemency, or sustain power of ( another ); to repose upon. -- To throw out. To cast out; to reject or discard; to expel. “The other two, whom they had thrown out, they were content should enjoy their exile.” Swift. “The bill was thrown out.” Swift. To utter; to give utterance to; to speak; as, “to throw out insinuation or observation”. “She throws out thrilling shrieks.” Spenser. To distance; to leave behind. Addison. To cause to project; as, “to throw out a pier or an abutment”. To give forth; to emit; as, “an electric lamp throws out a brilliant light”. To put out; to confuse; as, “a sudden question often throws out an orator”. -- To throw over, to abandon the cause of; to desert; to discard; as, “to throw over a friend in difficulties”. -- To throw up. To resign; to
      give up; to demit; as, “to throw up a commission”. “Experienced gamesters throw up their cards when they know that the game is in the enemy's hand.” Addison. To reject from the stomach; to vomit. To construct hastily; as, “to throw up a breastwork of earth”.

    4. Throw v. i. To perform the act of throwing or casting; to cast; specifically, to cast dice.

      To throw about, to cast about; to try expedients. [R.]

    5. Throw, n.
      1. The act of hurling or flinging; a driving or propelling from the hand or an engine; a cast.

      He heaved a stone, and, rising to the throw,

      He sent it in a whirlwind at the foe. Addison.

      2. A stroke; a blow. [Obs.]

      Nor shield defend the thunder of his throws. Spenser.

      3. The distance which a missile is, or may be, thrown; as, “a stone's throw”.

      4. A cast of dice; the manner in which dice fall when cast; as, “a good throw”.

      5. An effort; a violent sally. [Obs.]

      Your youth admires

      The throws and swellings of a Roman soul. Addison.

      6. ( Mach. ) The extreme movement given to a sliding or vibrating reciprocating piece by a cam, crank, eccentric, or the like; travel; stroke; as, “the throw of a slide valve”. Also, frequently, the length of the radius of a crank, or the eccentricity of an eccentric; as, “the throw of the crank of a steam engine is equal to half the stroke of the piston”.

      7. ( Pottery ) A potter's wheel or table; a jigger. See 2d Jigger, 2

      8. A turner's lathe; a throwe. [Prov. Eng.]

      9. ( Mining ) The amount of vertical displacement produced by a fault; -- according to the direction it is designated as an upthrow, or a downthrow.