- IPA: /taʊ̯n/, X-SAMPA: /taUn/
- Rhymes: -aʊn
- A settlement; an area with residential districts, shops and amenities, and its own local government; especially one larger than a village and smaller than a city .
- ( US ) Any more urbanized center than the place of reference .
- ( UK, historical ) A rural settlement in which a market was held at least once a week .
- The residents, as opposed to gown: the students etc. ) of a community having a university .
- ( colloquial ) Used to refer to a town or similar entity under discussion .
- ( law ) A municipal organization, such as a corporation, defined by the laws of the entity of which it is a part .
- boom town/boomtown
- company town
- county town
- cow town
- cross town/cross-town/crosstown
- ghost town
- go to town
- in town
- jerkwater town
- man about town
- market town
- new town
- on the town
- one-horse town
- out of town
- paint the town red
- post town
- shanty town
- shire town
- skip town
- talk of the town
- toast of the town
- Town ( toun ), n. [OE. toun, tun, AS. tun inclosure, fence, village, town; akin to D. tuin a garden, G. zaun a hadge, fence, OHG. zun, Icel. tun an inclosure, homestead, house, Ir. & Gael. dun a fortress, W. din. Cf. Down, adv. & prep., Dune, tine to inclose.]
1. Formerly: An inclosure which surrounded the mere homestead or dwelling of the lord of the manor. [Obs.] The whole of the land which constituted the domain. [Obs.] A collection of houses inclosed by fences or walls. [Obs.] Palsgrave.
2. Any number or collection of houses to which belongs a regular market, and which is not a city or the see of a bishop. [Eng.] Johnson.
3. Any collection of houses larger than a village, and not incorporated as a city; also, loosely, any large, closely populated place, whether incorporated or not, in distinction from the country, or from rural communities.
God made the country, and man made the town. Cowper.
4. The body of inhabitants resident in a town; as, “the town voted to send two representatives to the legislature; the town voted to lay a tax for repairing the highways”.
5. A township; the whole territory within certain limits, less than those of a country. [U. S.]
6. The court end of London; -- commonly with the.
7. The metropolis or its inhabitants; as, “in winter the gentleman lives in town; in summer, in the country”.
Always hankering after the diversions of the town. Addison.
Stunned with his giddy larum half the town. Pope.
☞ The same form of expressions is used in regard to other populous towns.
8. A farm or farmstead; also, a court or farmyard. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
☞ Town is often used adjectively or in combination with other words; as, town clerk, or town-clerk; town-crier, or town crier; townhall, town-hall, or town hall; townhouse, town house, or town-house.
Syn. -- Village; hamlet. See Village.
Town clerk, an office who keeps the records of a town, and enters its official proceedings. See Clerk. -- Town cress ( Bot. ), the garden cress, or peppergrass. Dr. Prior. -- Town house. A house in town, in distinction from a house in the country. See Townhouse. -- Town meeting, a legal meeting of the inhabitants of a town entitled to vote, for the transaction of public bisiness. [U. S.] -- Town talk, the common talk of a place; the subject or topic of common conversation.
Middle English, from Old English tūn 'enclosure, village', from Proto-Germanic *tūnan 'fence' ( compare Dutch tuin ‘garden’, German Zaun, Danish/Swedish tun ), from Gaulish dunon 'hill; hillfort' ( compare Welsh din ( “hill” ), Irish dún ( “fortress” ) ), from Proto-Indo-European *dheuh₂, *dhuh₂ 'to finish, come full circle' ( compare Hittite tuhhušta 'it is finished', Latin fūnus ( “burial” ), Ancient Greek θνητός ( thnētos, “mortal” ), θάνατος ( thanatos, “death” ), thaneīn 'to die', Sanskrit ádhvanīt 'he vanished' ) .
An urban city is typically larger than a rural town, which in turn is typically larger than a village. In rural areas, a town is considered urban. In urban areas, a town is considered suburban; a village in the suburbs .
By Wiktionary ( 2008/12/10 03:37 UTC Version )
Explanation of town by Wordnet Dictionary
Definition of town by GCIDE Dictionary