Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of train
Meaning of train by Wiktionary Dictionary

train


    A train

    Etymology 1

    From Middle English, from Old French train ( “a delay, a drawing out” ), from trainer ( “to pull out, to draw” ), from Vulgar Latin *tragināre, from *tragere, from Latin trahere ( “to pull, to draw” ). The verb was derived from the noun in Middle English .

    Pronunciation

    • IPA: /tɹeɪn/, /t͡ʃɹeɪn/
    • Rhymes: -eɪn

    Noun

    train ( plural: trains )

    1. Elongated portion.
      1. The elongated back portion of a dress or skirt ( or an ornamental piece of material added to similar effect ), which drags along the ground. [from 14th c.]
      2. A trail or line of something, especially gunpowder. [from 15th c.]
      3. ( now rare ) An animal's trail or track. [from 16th c.]
    2. Connected sequence of people or things.
      1. A group of people following an important figure, king etc.; a retinue, a group of retainers. [from 14th c.]
      2. A group of animals, vehicles, or people that follow one another in a line, such as a wagon train; a caravan or procession. [from 15th c.]
        Our party formed a train at the funeral parlor before departing for the burial .
      3. A sequence of events or ideas which are interconnected; a course or procedure of something. [from 15th c.]
      4. ( military ) The men and vehicles following an army, which carry artillery and other equipment for battle or siege. [from 16th c.]
      5. A set of interconnected mechanical parts which operate each other in sequence. [from 18th c.]
      6. A series of electrical pulses. [from 19th c.]
      7. A series of specified vehicles, originally tramcars in a mine, and later especially railway carriages, coupled together. [from 19th c.]
      8. A line of connected railway cars or carriages considered overall as a mode of transport; ( as 不可算 noun ) rail travel. [from 19th c.]
      9. ( sex, slang ) An act wherein series of men line up and then penetrate a woman or bottom, especially as a form of gang rape. [from 20th c.]
    Derived terms
    Descendants
    • Irish: traein
    • Welsh: trên

    Verb

    train ( third-person singular simple present trains present participle training, simple past and past participle trained )

    1. ( intransitive ) To practice an ability .
      She trained seven hours a day to prepare for the Olympics .
    2. ( transitive ) To teach a task .
      You can't train a pig to write poetry .
    3. ( intransitive ) To improve one's fitness .
      I trained with weights all winter .
    4. To proceed in sequence .
    5. ( transitive ) To move ( a gun ) laterally so that it points in a different direction .
      The assassin had trained his gun on the minister .
    6. ( transitive, horticulture ) To encourage ( a plant or branch ) to grow in a particular direction or shape, usually by pruning and bending .
      The vine had been trained over the pergola .
    7. ( transitive, video games ) To create a trainer for; to apply cheats to ( a game ).
    Derived terms

    Etymology 2

    From Anglo-Norman trayne, Middle French traïne, from traïr ( “to betray” ) .

    Noun

    train ( plural: trains )

    1. ( obsolete ) Treachery; deceit. [14th-19th c.]
    2. ( obsolete ) A trick or stratagem. [14th-19th c.]
    3. ( obsolete ) A trap for animals; a snare. [14th-18th c.]
    4. ( obsolete ) A lure; a decoy. [15th-18th c.]

    Anagrams

    • Trina



Definition of train by GCIDE Dictionary

train


  1. Train v. t. [imp. & p. p. Trained ; p. pr. & vb. n. Training.] [OF. trahiner, traïner,F. traîner, LL. trahinare, trainare, fr. L. trahere to draw. See Trail.]

    1. To draw along; to trail; to drag.

    In hollow cube

    Training his devilish enginery. Milton.

    2. To draw by persuasion, artifice, or the like; to attract by stratagem; to entice; to allure. [Obs.]

    If but a dozen French

    Were there in arms, they would be as a call

    To train ten thousand English to their side. Shak.

    O, train me not, sweet mermaid, with thy note. Shak.

    This feast, I'll gage my life,

    Is but a plot to train you to your ruin. Ford.

    3. To teach and form by practice; to educate; to exercise; to discipline; as, “to train the militia to the manual exercise; to train soldiers to the use of arms.”

    Our trained bands, which are the trustiest and most proper strength of a free nation. Milton.

    The warrior horse here bred he's taught to train. Dryden.

    4. To break, tame, and accustom to draw, as oxen.

    5. ( Hort. ) To lead or direct, and form to a wall or espalier; to form to a proper shape, by bending, lopping, or pruning; as, “to train young trees”.

    He trained the young branches to the right hand or to the left. Jeffrey.

    6. ( Mining ) To trace, as a lode or any mineral appearance, to its head.

    To train a gun ( Mil. & Naut. ), to point it at some object either forward or else abaft the beam, that is, not directly on the side. Totten. -- To train, or To train up, to educate; to teach; to form by instruction or practice; to bring up.

    Train up a child in the way he should go; and when he is old, he will not depart from it. Prov. xxii. 6.

    The first Christians were, by great hardships, trained up for glory. Tillotson.

  2. Train, v. i.
    1. To be drilled in military exercises; to do duty in a military company.

    2. To prepare by exercise, diet, instruction, etc., for any physical contest; as, “to train for a boat race”.

  3. Train, n. [F. train, OF. traïn, trahin; cf. ( for some of the senses ) F. traine. See Train, v.]
    1. That which draws along; especially, persuasion, artifice, or enticement; allurement. [Obs.] “Now to my charms, and to my wily trains.” Milton.

    2. Hence, something tied to a lure to entice a hawk; also, a trap for an animal; a snare. Halliwell.

    With cunning trains him to entrap un wares. Spenser.

    3. That which is drawn along in the rear of, or after, something; that which is in the hinder part or rear. Specifically : --

    That part of a gown which trails behind the wearer.

    ( Mil. ) The after part of a gun carriage; the trail.

    The tail of a bird. “The train steers their flights, and turns their bodies, like the rudder of ship.” Ray.

    4. A number of followers; a body of attendants; a retinue; a suite.

    The king's daughter with a lovely train. Addison.

    My train are men of choice and rarest parts. Shak.

    5. A consecution or succession of connected things; a series. “A train of happy sentiments.” I. Watts.

    The train of ills our love would draw behind it. Addison.

    Rivers now

    Stream and perpetual draw their humid train. Milton.

    Other truths require a train of ideas placed in order. Locke.

    6. Regular method; process; course; order; as, “things now in a train for settlement”.

    If things were once in this train, . . . our duty would take root in our nature. Swift.

    7. The number of beats of a watch in any certain time.

    8. A line of gunpowder laid to lead fire to a charge, mine, or the like.

    9. A connected line of cars or carriages on a railroad; -- called also railroad train.

    10. A heavy, long sleigh used in Canada for the transportation of merchandise, wood, and the like.

    11. ( Rolling Mill ) A roll train; as, “a 12-inch train”.

    12. ( Mil. ) The aggregation of men, animals, and vehicles which accompany an army or one of its subdivisions, and transport its baggage, ammunition, supplies, and reserve materials of all kinds.

    Roll train, or Train of rolls ( Rolling Mill ), a set of plain or grooved rolls for rolling metal into various forms by a series of consecutive operations. -- Train mile ( Railroads ), a unit employed in estimating running expenses, etc., being one of the total number of miles run by all the trains of a road, or system of roads, as within a given time, or for a given expenditure; -- called also mile run. -- Train of artillery, any number of cannon, mortars, etc., with the attendants and carriages which follow them into the field. Campbell ( Dict. Mil. Sci. ). -- Train of mechanism, a series of moving pieces, as wheels and pinions, each of which is follower to that which drives it, and driver to that which follows it. -- Train road, a slight railway for small cars, -- used for construction, or in mining. -- Train tackle ( Naut. ), a tackle for running guns in and out.

    Syn. -- Cars. -- Train, Cars. At one time “train” meaning railroad train was also referred to in the U. S. by the phrase “the cars”. In the 1913 dictionary the usage was described thus: “Train is the word universally used in England with reference to railroad traveling; as, “I came in the morning train”. In the United States, the phrase the cars has been extensively introduced in the room of train; as, “the cars are late; I came in the cars”. The English expression is obviously more appropriate, and is prevailing more and more among Americans, to the exclusion of the cars.”