Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of turn
Meaning of turn by Wiktionary Dictionary

turn


    Etymology

    From Middle English turnen, from Old English turnian, tyrnan ( “to turn, rotate, revolve” ) and Old French torner ( “to turn” ), both from Latin tornāre ( “to round off, turn in a lathe” ), from tornus ( “lathe” ), from Ancient Greek τόρνος ( tórnos, “a tool used for making circles” ), from Proto-Indo-European *tere-, *ter-, *trē- ( “to rub, rub by turning, turn, twist, bore” ). Cognate with Old English þrāwan ( “to turn, twist, wind” ). More at throw .

    Pronunciation

    • ( UK ) IPA: /tɜːn/, X-SAMPA: /t3:n/
    • ( US ) enPR: tûrn, IPA: /tɝn/, X-SAMPA: /t3`n/
    • Rhymes: -ɜː( r )n
    • Homophone: tern

    Verb

    turn ( third-person singular simple present turns present participle turning, simple past and past participle turned )

    1. ( intransitive ) Of a body, person, etc, to move around an axis through itself .
      the Earth turns
      turn on the spot
    2. ( transitive ) To change the direction or orientation of .
      Turn the knob clockwise .
    3. ( intransitive ) To change one's direction of travel .
      Turn right here .
    4. ( transitive ) To position ( something ) by folding it .
      Turn the bed covers .
    5. ( transitive ) To become ( begin to be ) .
      The leaves turn brown in autumn .
      When I asked him for the money, he turned nasty .
    6. ( intransitive ) To fundamentally change; to metamorphose .
      Midas made everything turn to gold .
      He turned into a monster every full moon .
    7. To rebel; to go against something formerly tolerated .
      The prisoners turned on the warden .
    8. ( transitive ) To shape ( something ) symmetrically by rotating it against a stationary cutting tool, as on a lathe .
      She turned the table legs with care and precision .
    9. ( intransitive ) To sour or spoil; to go bad .
      This milk has turned; it smells awful .
    10. ( intransitive, of trees ) To change the color of the leaves in the autumn .
      The hillside behind our house isn't generally much to look at, but once all the trees turn it's gorgeous .
    11. ( usually with over ) To complete .
      They say they can turn the parts in two days .
    12. ( transitive, cricket ) Of a bowler, to make ( the ball ) move sideways off the pitch when it bounces .
    13. ( intransitive, cricket ) Of a ball, to move sideways off the pitch when it bounces .
    14. ( obsolete, reflexive ) To change one's course of action; to take a new approach.
    15. ( professional wrestling, intransitive ) To change personalities, such as from being a face ( good guy ) to heel ( bad guy ) or vice versa .
    16. ( soccer ) Of a player, to go past an opposition player with the ball in one's control.

    Synonyms

    Noun

    turn ( plural: turns )

    A: Turn ( 14 )
    B: Round turn
    C: Two round turns
    1. A change of direction or orientation .
      Give the handle a turn, then pull it .
    2. A movement of an object about its own axis in one direction that continues until the object returns to its initial orientation .
    3. A single loop of a coil .
    4. A chance to use ( something ) shared in sequence with others .
      They took turns playing with the new toy .
    5. One's chance to make a move in a game having two or more players .
    6. A figure in music, often denoted ~, consisting of the note above the one indicated, the note itself, the note below the one indicated, and the note itself again .
    7. ( also turnaround ) The time required to complete a project .
      They quote a three-day turn on parts like those .
    8. A fit or a period of giddiness .
      I've had a funny turn .
    9. A change in temperament or circumstance .
      She took a turn for the worse .
    10. ( cricket ) A sideways movement of the ball when it bounces ( caused by rotation in flight )
    11. ( poker ) The fourth communal card in Texas hold 'em .
    12. ( poker, obsolete ) The flop ( the first three community cards ) in Texas hold 'em
    13. A deed done to another .
      One good turn deserves another .
      I felt that the man was of a vindictive nature, and would do me an evil turn if he found the opportunity.. .
    14. ( rope ) A pass behind or through an object .
    15. character; personality; nature
    16. ( soccer ) An instances of going past an opposition player with the ball in one's control .

    Synonyms

    See also

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    Anagrams



Explanation of turn by Wordnet Dictionary

turn


    Verb
    1. twist suddenly so as to sprain

    2. I turned my ankle and couldn't walk for several days
    3. pass into a condition gradually, take on a specific property or attribute

    4. The weather turned nasty
    5. change to the contrary

    6. the tides turned against him
      public opinion turned when it was revealed that the president had an affair with a White House intern
    7. undergo a transformation or a change of position or action

    8. We turned from Socialism to Capitalism
      The people turned against the President when he stole the election
    9. become officially one year older

    10. She is turning 50 this year
    11. change color

    12. In Vermont, the leaves turn early
    13. go sour or spoil

    14. The cream has turned--we have to throw it out
    15. have recourse to or make an appeal or request for help or information to

    16. She turned to her relatives for help
    17. direct at someone

    18. She turned a smile on me
      They turned their flashlights on the car
    19. alter the functioning or setting of

    20. turn the dial to 10
      turn the heat down
    21. cause ( a plastic object ) to assume a crooked or angular form

    22. the strong man could turn an iron bar
    23. let ( something ) fall or spill from a container

    24. turn the flour onto a plate
    25. shape by rotating on a lathe or cutting device or a wheel

    26. turn the legs of the table
      turn the clay on the wheel
    27. to break and turn over earth especially with a plow

    28. turn the earth in the Spring
    29. change orientation or direction, also in the abstract sense

    30. Turn towards me
      The mugger turned and fled before I could see his face
      She turned from herself and learned to listen to others' needs
    31. pass to the other side of

    32. turn the corner
    33. channel one's attention, interest, thought, or attention toward or away from something

    34. The pedophile turned to boys for satisfaction
      people turn to mysticism at the turn of a millennium
    35. to send or let go

    36. They turned away the crowd at the gate of the governor's mansion
    37. cause to move around a center so as to show another side of

    38. turn a page of a book
    39. cause to move around or rotate

    40. turn a key
      turn your palm this way
    41. cause to move along an axis or into a new direction

    42. turn your face to the wall
      turn the car around
      turn your dance partner around
    43. move around an axis or a center

    44. The wheels are turning
    45. get by buying and selling

    46. the company turned a good profit after a year
    47. accomplish by rotating

    48. turn a somersault
      turn cartwheels


    Definition of turn by GCIDE Dictionary

    turn


    1. Turn ( tûrn ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Turned ( tûrnd ); p. pr. & vb. n. Turning.] [OE. turnen, tournen, OF. tourner, torner, turner, F. tourner, LL. tornare, fr. L. tornare to turn in a lathe, to round off, fr. tornus a lathe, Gr. τόρνος a turner's chisel, a carpenter's tool for drawing circles; probably akin to E. throw. See Throw, and cf. Attorney, Return, Tornado, Tour, Tournament.]
      1. To cause to move upon a center, or as if upon a center; to give circular motion to; to cause to revolve; to cause to move round, either partially, wholly, or repeatedly; to make to change position so as to present other sides in given directions; to make to face otherwise; as, “to turn a wheel or a spindle; to turn the body or the head”.

      Turn the adamantine spindle round. Milton.

      The monarch turns him to his royal guest. Pope.

      2. To cause to present a different side uppermost or outmost; to make the upper side the lower, or the inside to be the outside of; to reverse the position of; as, “to turn a box or a board; to turn a coat”.

      3. To give another direction, tendency, or inclination to; to direct otherwise; to deflect; to incline differently; -- used both literally and figuratively; as, “to turn the eyes to the heavens; to turn a horse from the road, or a ship from her course; to turn the attention to or from something”. “Expert when to advance, or stand, or, turn the sway of battle.” Milton.

      Thrice I deluded her, and turned to sport

      Her importunity. Milton.

      My thoughts are turned on peace. Addison.

      4. To change from a given use or office; to divert, as to another purpose or end; to transfer; to use or employ; to apply; to devote.

      Therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David. 1 Chron. x. 14.

      God will make these evils the occasion of a greater good, by turning them to advantage in this world. Tillotson.

      When the passage is open, land will be turned most to cattle; when shut, to sheep. Sir W. Temple.

      5. To change the form, quality, aspect, or effect of; to alter; to metamorphose; to convert; to transform; -- often with to or into before the word denoting the effect or product of the change; as, “to turn a worm into a winged insect; to turn green to blue; to turn prose into verse; to turn a Whig to a Tory, or a Hindu to a Christian; to turn good to evil, and the like”.

      The Lord thy God will turn thy captivity, and have compassion upon thee. Deut. xxx. 3.

      And David said, O Lord, I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness. 2 Sam. xv. 31.

      Impatience turns an ague into a fever. Jer. Taylor.

      6. To form in a lathe; to shape or fashion ( anything ) by applying a cutting tool to it while revolving; as, “to turn the legs of stools or tables; to turn ivory or metal”.

      I had rather hear a brazen canstick turned. Shak.

      7. Hence, to give form to; to shape; to mold; to put in proper condition; to adapt. “The poet's pen turns them to shapes.” Shak.

      His limbs how turned, how broad his shoulders spread ! Pope.

      He was perfectly well turned for trade. Addison.

      8. Specifically: -- To translate; to construe; as, “to turn the Iliad”.

      Who turns a Persian tale for half a crown. Pope.

      To make acid or sour; to ferment; to curdle, etc.: as, “to turn cider or wine; electricity turns milk quickly”.

      To sicken; to nauseate; as, “an emetic turns one's stomach”.

      9. To make a turn about or around ( something ); to go or pass around by turning; as, “to turn a corner”.

      The ranges are not high or steep, and one can turn a kopje instead of cutting or tunneling through it. James Bryce.

      To be turned of, to be advanced beyond; as, “to be turned of sixty-six”. -- To turn a cold shoulder to, to treat with neglect or indifference. -- To turn a corner, to go round a corner. [Fig.] To advance beyond a difficult stage in a project, or in life. -- To turn adrift, to cast off, to cease to care for. -- To turn a flange ( Mech. ), to form a flange on, as around a metal sheet or boiler plate, by stretching, bending, and hammering, or rolling the metal. -- To turn against. To direct against; as, “to turn one's arguments against himself”. To make unfavorable or hostile to; as, “to turn one's friends against him”. -- To turn a hostile army, To turn the enemy's flank, or the like ( Mil. ), to pass round it, and take a position behind it or upon its side. -- To turn a penny, or To turn an honest penny, to make a small profit by trade, or the like. -- To turn around one's finger, to have complete control of the will and actions of; to be able to influence at pleasure. -- To turn aside, to
      avert. -- To turn away. To dismiss from service; to discard; as, “to turn away a servant”. To avert; as, “to turn away wrath or evil”. -- To turn back. To give back; to return.

      We turn not back the silks upon the merchants,

      When we have soiled them. Shak.

      To cause to return or retrace one's steps; hence, to drive away; to repel.to turn in a lathe, to round off, fr. tornus a lathe, Gr. τόρνος a turner's chisel, a carpenter's tool for drawing circles; probably akin to E. throw. See Throw, and cf. Attorney, Return, Tornado, Tour, Tournament.]
      1. To cause to move upon a center, or as if upon a center; to give circular motion to; to cause to revolve; to cause to move round, either partially, wholly, or repeatedly; to make to change position so as to present other sides in given directions; to make to face otherwise; as, “to turn a wheel or a spindle; to turn the body or the head”.

      Turn the adamantine spindle round. Milton.

      The monarch turns him to his royal guest. Pope.

      2. To cause to present a different side uppermost or outmost; to make the upper side the lower, or the inside to be the outside of; to reverse the position of; as, “to turn a box or a board; to turn a coat”.

      3. To give another direction, tendency, or inclination to; to direct otherwise; to deflect; to incline differently; -- used both literally and figuratively; as, “to turn the eyes to the heavens; to turn a horse from the road, or a ship from her course; to turn the attention to or from something”. “Expert when to advance, or stand, or, turn the sway of battle.” Milton.

      Thrice I deluded her, and turned to sport

      Her importunity. Milton.

      My thoughts are turned on peace. Addison.

      4. To change from a given use or office; to divert, as to another purpose or end; to transfer; to use or employ; to apply; to devote.

      Therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David. 1 Chron. x. 14.

      God will make these evils the occasion of a greater good, by turning them to advantage in this world. Tillotson.

      When the passage is open, land will be turned most to cattle; when shut, to sheep. Sir W. Temple.

      5. To change the form, quality, aspect, or effect of; to alter; to metamorphose; to convert; to transform; -- often with to or into before the word denoting the effect or product of the change; as, “to turn a worm into a winged insect; to turn green to blue; to turn prose into verse; to turn a Whig to a Tory, or a Hindu to a Christian; to turn good to evil, and the like”.

      The Lord thy God will turn thy captivity, and have compassion upon thee. Deut. xxx. 3.

      And David said, O Lord, I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness. 2 Sam. xv. 31.

      Impatience turns an ague into a fever. Jer. Taylor.

      6. To form in a lathe; to shape or fashion ( anything ) by applying a cutting tool to it while revolving; as, “to turn the legs of stools or tables; to turn ivory or metal”.

      I had rather hear a brazen canstick turned. Shak.

      7. Hence, to give form to; to shape; to mold; to put in proper condition; to adapt. “The poet's pen turns them to shapes.” Shak.

      His limbs how turned, how broad his shoulders spread ! Pope.

      He was perfectly well turned for trade. Addison.

      8. Specifically: -- To translate; to construe; as, “to turn the Iliad”.

      Who turns a Persian tale for half a crown. Pope.

      To make acid or sour; to ferment; to curdle, etc.: as, “to turn cider or wine; electricity turns milk quickly”.

      To sicken; to nauseate; as, “an emetic turns one's stomach”.

      9. To make a turn about or around ( something ); to go or pass around by turning; as, “to turn a corner”.

      The ranges are not high or steep, and one can turn a kopje instead of cutting or tunneling through it. James Bryce.

      To be turned of, to be advanced beyond; as, “to be turned of sixty-six”. -- To turn a cold shoulder to, to treat with neglect or indifference. -- To turn a corner, to go round a corner. [Fig.] To advance beyond a difficult stage in a project, or in life. -- To turn adrift, to cast off, to cease to care for. -- To turn a flange ( Mech .
    2. Turn ( tûrn ), v. i.
      1. To move round; to have a circular motion; to revolve entirely, repeatedly, or partially; to change position, so as to face differently; to whirl or wheel round; as, “a wheel turns on its axis; a spindle turns on a pivot; a man turns on his heel.”

      The gate . . . on golden hinges turning. Milton.

      2. Hence, to revolve as if upon a point of support; to hinge; to depend; as, “the decision turns on a single fact”.

      Conditions of peace certainly turn upon events of war. Swift.

      3. To result or terminate; to come about; to eventuate; to issue.

      If we repent seriously, submit contentedly, and serve him faithfully, afflictions shall turn to our advantage. Wake.

      4. To be deflected; to take a different direction or tendency; to be directed otherwise; to be differently applied; to be transferred; as, “to turn from the road”.

      Turn from thy fierce wrath. Ex. xxxii. 12.

      Turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways. Ezek. xxxiii. 11.

      The understanding turns inward on itself, and reflects on its own operations. Locke.

      5. To be changed, altered, or transformed; to become transmuted; also, to become by a change or changes; to grow; as, “wood turns to stone; water turns to ice; one color turns to another; to turn Muslim”.

      I hope you have no intent to turn husband. Shak.

      Cygnets from gray turn white. Bacon.

      6. To undergo the process of turning on a lathe; as, “ivory turns well”.

      7. Specifically: --

      To become acid; to sour; -- said of milk, ale, etc.

      To become giddy; -- said of the head or brain.

      I'll look no more;

      Lest my brain turn. Shak.

      To be nauseated; -- said of the stomach.

      To become inclined in the other direction; -- said of scales.

      To change from ebb to flow, or from flow to ebb; -- said of the tide.

      ( Obstetrics ) To bring down the feet of a child in the womb, in order to facilitate delivery.

      8. ( Print. ) To invert a type of the same thickness, as temporary substitute for any sort which is exhausted.

      To turn about, to face to another quarter; to turn around. -- To turn again, to come back after going; to return. Shak. -- To turn against, to become unfriendly or hostile to. -- To turn aside or To turn away. To turn from the direct course; to withdraw from a company; to deviate. To depart; to remove. To avert one's face. -- To turn back, to turn so as to go in an opposite direction; to retrace one's steps. -- To turn in. To bend inward. To enter for lodgings or entertainment. To go to bed. [Colloq.] -- To turn into, to enter by making a turn; as, “to turn into a side street”. -- To turn off, to be diverted; to deviate from a course; as, “the road turns off to the left”. -- To turn on or To turn upon. To turn against; to confront in hostility or anger. To reply to or retort. To depend on; as, “the result turns on one condition”. -- To turn out. To move from its place, as a bone. To bend or point outward; as, “his toes turn out”. To rise from bed.. [Colloq.]
      To come abroad; to appear; as, “not many turned out to the fire”. To prove in the result; to issue; to result; as, “the crops turned out poorly”. -- To turn over, to turn from side to side; to roll; to tumble. -- To turn round. To change position so as to face in another direction. To change one's opinion; to change from one view or party to another. -- To turn to, to apply one's self to; to have recourse to; to refer to. “Helvicus's tables may be turned to on all occasions.” Locke. -- To turn to account, profit, advantage, or the like, to be made profitable or advantageous; to become worth the while. -- To turn under, to bend, or be folded, downward or under. -- To turn up. To bend, or be doubled, upward. To appear; to come to light; to transpire; to occur; to happen.

    3. Turn ( tûrn ), n.
      1. The act of turning; movement or motion about, or as if about, a center or axis; revolution; as, “the turn of a wheel”.

      2. Change of direction, course, or tendency; different order, position, or aspect of affairs; alteration; vicissitude; as, “the turn of the tide”.

      At length his complaint took a favorable turn. Macaulay.

      The turns and varieties of all passions. Hooker.

      Too well the turns of mortal chance I know. Pope.

      3. One of the successive portions of a course, or of a series of occurrences, reckoning from change to change; hence, a winding; a bend; a meander.

      And all its [the river's] thousand turns disclose.

      Some fresher beauty varying round. Byron.

      4. A circuitous walk, or a walk to and fro, ending where it began; a short walk; a stroll.

      Come, you and I must walk a turn together. Shak.

      I will take a turn in your garden. Dryden.

      5. Successive course; opportunity enjoyed by alternation with another or with others, or in due order; due chance; alternate or incidental occasion; appropriate time. “Nobleness and bounty . . . had their turns in his [the king's] nature.”

      His turn will come to laugh at you again. Denham.

      Every one has a fair turn to be as great as he pleases. Collier.

      6. Incidental or opportune deed or office; occasional act of kindness or malice; as, “to do one an ill turn”.

      Had I not done a friendes turn to thee? Chaucer.

      thanks are half lost when good turns are delayed. Fairfax.

      7. Convenience; occasion; purpose; exigence; as, “this will not serve his turn”.

      I have enough to serve mine own turn. Shak.

      8. Form; cast; shape; manner; fashion; -- used in a literal or figurative sense; hence, form of expression; mode of signifying; as, “the turn of thought; a man of a sprightly turn in conversation”.

      The turn of both his expressions and thoughts is unharmonious. Dryden.

      The Roman poets, in their description of a beautiful man, often mention the turn of his neck and arms. Addison.

      9. A change of condition; especially, a sudden or recurring symptom of illness, as a nervous shock, or fainting spell; as, “a bad turn”. [Colloq.]

      10. A fall off the ladder at the gallows; a hanging; -- so called from the practice of causing the criminal to stand on a ladder which was turned over, so throwing him off, when the signal was given. [Obs.]

      11. A round of a rope or cord in order to secure it, as about a pin or a cleat.

      12. ( Mining ) A pit sunk in some part of a drift.

      13. ( Eng. Law ) A court of record, held by the sheriff twice a year in every hundred within his county. Blount.

      14. pl. ( Med. ) Monthly courses; menses. [Colloq.]

      15. ( Mus. ) An embellishment or grace ( marked thus, ), commonly consisting of the principal note, or that on which the turn is made, with the note above, and the semitone below, the note above being sounded first, the principal note next, and the semitone below last, the three being performed quickly, as a triplet preceding the marked note. The turn may be inverted so as to begin with the lower note, in which case the sign is either placed on end thus , or drawn thus .

      By turns. One after another; alternately; in succession. At intervals. “[They] feel by turns the bitter change.” Milton. -- In turn, in due order of succession. -- To a turn, exactly; perfectly; as, “done to a turn”; -- a phrase alluding to the practice of cooking on a revolving spit. -- To take turns, to alternate; to succeed one another in due order. -- Turn and turn about, by equal alternating periods of service or duty; by turns. -- Turn bench, a simple portable lathe, used on a bench by clock makers and watchmakers. -- Turn buckle. See Turnbuckle, in Vocabulary. -- Turn cap, a sort of chimney cap which turns round with the wind so as to present its opening to the leeward. G. Francis. -- Turn of life ( Med. ), change of life. See under Change. -- Turn screw, a screw driver.