Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of vault
Meaning of vault by Wiktionary Dictionary


    A vault scheme


    • ( UK ) IPA: /vɒlt/, /vɔːlt/, X-SAMPA: /vQlt/, /vO:lt/
    • ( US ) IPA: /vɑlt/, /vɔlt/, X-SAMPA: /vAlt/, /vOlt/
    • Rhymes: -ɔːlt, Rhymes: -ɒlt
    • Homophone: volt ( in some accents )

    Etymology 1

    From Old French volte ( modern voûte ), from Vulgar Latin volvita, an a regularization of voluta ( compare modern volute ( “spire” ) ), the past participle of volvere ( “roll, turn” ) .


    vault ( plural: vaults )

    1. An arched structure of masonry, forming a ceiling or canopy .
    2. A structure resembling a vault, especially ( poetic ) that formed by the sky.
    3. A secure, enclosed area, especially an underground room used for burial, or to store valuables, wine etc .
      The bank kept their money safe in a large vault .
      Family members had been buried in the vault for centuries .
    Derived terms

    Etymology 2

    From Middle French volter ( “to turn or spin around; to frolic” ), borrowed from Italian voltare, itself from a Vulgar Latin frequentative form of Latin volvere; later assimilated to Etymology 1, above .


    vault ( third-person singular simple present vaults present participle vaulting, simple past and past participle vaulted )

    1. ( ambitransitive ) To jump or leap over .
      The fugitive vaulted over the fence to escape .
    Derived terms


    vault ( plural: vaults )

    1. An act of vaulting; a leap or jump .
    2. ( gymnastics ) An event in gymanstics performed on a vaulting horse .

    See also

Explanation of vault by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. bound vigorously

    2. jump across or leap over ( an obstacle )

    1. the act of jumping over an obstacle

    2. an arched brick or stone ceiling or roof

    3. a burial chamber ( usually underground )

    4. a strongroom or compartment ( often made of steel ) for safekeeping of valuables

    Definition of vault by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Vault ( valt; see Note, below ), n. [OE. voute, OF. voute, volte, F. voûte, LL. volta, for voluta, volutio, fr. L. volvere, volutum, to roll, to turn about. See Voluble, and cf. Vault a leap, Volt a turn, Volute.]

      1. ( Arch. ) An arched structure of masonry, forming a ceiling or canopy.

      The long-drawn aisle and fretted vault. Gray.

      2. An arched apartment; especially, a subterranean room, used for storing articles, for a prison, for interment, or the like; a cell; a cellar. “Charnel vaults.” Milton.

      The silent vaults of death. Sandys.

      To banish rats that haunt our vault. Swift.

      3. The canopy of heaven; the sky.

      That heaven's vault should crack. Shak.

      4. [F. volte, It. volta, originally, a turn, and the same word as volta an arch. See the Etymology above.] A leap or bound. Specifically: -- ( Man. ) The bound or leap of a horse; a curvet. A leap by aid of the hands, or of a pole, springboard, or the like.

      ☞ The l in this word was formerly often suppressed in pronunciation.

      Barrel vault, Cradle vault, Cylindrical vault, or Wagon vault ( Arch. ), a kind of vault having two parallel abutments, and the same section or profile at all points. It may be rampant, as over a staircase ( see Rampant vault, under Rampant ), or curved in plan, as around the apse of a church. -- Coved vault. ( Arch. ) See under 1st Cove, v. t. -- Groined vault ( Arch. ), a vault having groins, that is, one in which different cylindrical surfaces intersect one another, as distinguished from a barrel, or wagon, vault. -- Rampant vault. ( Arch. ) See under Rampant. -- Ribbed vault ( Arch. ), a vault differing from others in having solid ribs which bear the weight of the vaulted surface. True Gothic vaults are of this character. -- Vault light, a partly glazed plate inserted in a pavement or ceiling to admit light to a vault below.

    2. Vault ( valt ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vaulted; p. pr. & vb. n. Vaulting.] [OE. vouten, OF. volter, vouter, F. voûter. See Vault an arch.]

      1. To form with a vault, or to cover with a vault; to give the shape of an arch to; to arch; as, “to vault a roof; to vault a passage to a court”.

      The shady arch that vaulted the broad green alley. Sir W. Scott.

      2. [See Vault, v. i.] To leap over; esp., to leap over by aid of the hands or a pole; as, “to vault a fence”.

      I will vault credit, and affect high pleasures. Webster ( 1623 ).

    3. Vault, v. i. [Cf. OF. volter, F. voltiger, It. voltare to turn. See Vault, n., 4.]

      1. To leap; to bound; to jump; to spring.

      Vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself. Shak.

      Leaning on his lance, he vaulted on a tree. Dryden.

      Lucan vaulted upon Pegasus with all the heat and intrepidity of youth. Addison.

      2. To exhibit feats of tumbling or leaping; to tumble.