Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of vertical
Meaning of vertical by Wiktionary Dictionary



    • ( RP ) IPA: /ˈvɜːtɪkəl/, X-SAMPA: /"v3:tIk@l/
    • ( US ) IPA: /ˈvɝtɪkəl/, X-SAMPA: /"v3`tIk@l/


    vertical ( comparative more vertical, superlative most vertical )

    1. along the direction of a plumbline or along a straight line that includes the center of the Earth
    2. In a two dimensional Cartesian co-ordinate system, describing the axis oriented normal ( perpendicular, at right angles ) to the horizontal axis .
    3. ( marketing ) Of or pertaining to vertical markets .


    • horizontal

    Related terms

Explanation of vertical by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. of or relating to different levels in a hierarchy ( as levels of social class or income group )

    2. vertical social mobility
    3. at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line

    4. a vertical camera angle
      the monument consists of two vertical pillars supporting a horizontal slab
    5. upright in position or posture

    6. a column still vertical amid the ruins
    7. relating to or involving all stages of a business from production to distribution

    1. a vertical structural member as a post or stake

    2. something that is oriented vertically

    Definition of vertical by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Vertical a. [Cf. F. vertical. See Vertex.]

      1. Of or pertaining to the vertex; situated at the vertex, or highest point; directly overhead, or in the zenith; perpendicularly above one.

      Charity . . . is the vertical top of all religion. Jer. Taylor.

      2. Perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; upright; plumb; as, “a vertical line”.

      Vertical angle ( Astron. & Geod. ), an angle measured on a vertical circle, called an angle of elevation, or altitude, when reckoned from the horizon upward, and of depression when downward below the horizon. -- Vertical anthers ( Bot. ), such anthers as stand erect at the top of the filaments. -- Vertical circle ( Astron. ), an azimuth circle. See under Azimuth. -- Vertical drill, an upright drill. See under Upright. -- Vertical fire ( Mil. ), the fire, as of mortars, at high angles of elevation. -- Vertical leaves ( Bot. ), leaves which present their edges to the earth and the sky, and their faces to the horizon, as in the Australian species of Eucalyptus. -- Vertical limb, a graduated arc attached to an instrument, as a theodolite, for measuring vertical angles. -- Vertical line. ( Dialing ) A line perpendicular to the horizon. ( Conic Sections ) A right line drawn on the vertical plane, and passing through the vertex of the cone. ( Surv. ) The direction of a plumb line; a line normal to the surface of
      still water. ( Geom., Drawing, etc. ) A line parallel to the sides of a page or sheet, in distinction from a horizontal line parallel to the top or bottom. -- Vertical plane. ( Conic Sections ) A plane passing through the vertex of a cone, and through its axis. ( Projections ) Any plane which passes through a vertical line. ( Persp. ) The plane passing through the point of sight, and perpendicular to the ground plane, and also to the picture. -- Vertical sash, a sash sliding up and down. Cf. French sash, under 3d Sash. -- Vertical steam engine, a steam engine having the crank shaft vertically above or below a vertical cylinder.

    2. Vertical, n.
      1. Vertical position; zenith. [R.]

      2. ( Math. ) A vertical line, plane, or circle.

      Prime vertical, Prime vertical dial. See under Prime, a.