- enPR: wēk, IPA: /wiːk/, X-SAMPA: /wi:k/
- Rhymes: -iːk
- Homophone: weak
- Any period of seven consecutive days .
- A period of seven days beginning with Sunday or Monday .
- A subdivision of the month into longer periods of work days punctuated by shorter weekend periods of days for markets, rest, or religious observation such as a sabbath .
- Seven days after ( sometimes before ) a specified date .
- ISO 8601 on Wikipedia .
From Middle English weke, from Old English wice, wucu ( “week” ), from Proto-Germanic *wikōn ( “turn, succession, change, week” ), from Proto-Indo-European *weig-, *weik- ( “to bend, wind, turn, yield” ). Related to Proto-Germanic *wīkanan ( “to bend, yield, cease” ). The Dutch noun derives from a related verb *waikwaz ( “to yield” ), via the current Dutch form wijken ( “to cede, give way” ) .
Related words are Old High German wohha ( Modern German Woche ), Old Frisian wike, Middle Dutch weke ( “week” ), Old Saxon wika, Old Norse vika, Gothic ( wikô, “turn for temple service” ), Old English wīcan .
Explanation of week by Wordnet Dictionary
- they worked a 40-hour week
- Week n. [OE. weke, wike, woke, wuke AS. weocu, wicu, wucu; akin to OS. wika, OFries. wike, D. week, G. woche, OHG. wohha, wehha, Icel. vika, Sw. vecka, Dan. uge, Goth. wik, probably originally meaning, a succession or change, and akin to G. wechsel change, L. vicis turn, alternation, and E. weak. Cf. Weak.] A period of seven days, usually that reckoned from one Sabbath or Sunday to the next.
I fast twice in the week. Luke xviii. 12.
☞ Although it [the week] did not enter into the calendar of the Greeks, and was not introduced at Rome till after the reign of Theodesius, it has been employed from time immemorial in almost all Eastern countries. Encyc. Brit.
Feast of Weeks. See Pentecost, 1. -- Prophetic week, a week of years, or seven years. Dan. ix. 24. -- Week day. See under Day.
Definition of week by GCIDE Dictionary