- ( UK ) IPA: /wɜː( ɹ )d/
- ( US ) enPR: wûrd, IPA: /wɝd/, X-SAMPA: /w3`d/
- Rhymes: -ɜː( ɹ )d
- The fact or action of speaking, as opposed to writing or to action. [from 9th c.]
- 1811, Jane Austen, Sense and Sensibility:
- 2004, Richard Williams, The Guardian, 8 Sep 2004:
- ( now rare, except in phrases ) Something which has been said; a comment, utterance; speech. [from 10th c.]
- 1611, Bible, Authorized Version, Matthew XXVI.75:
- 1945, Sebastian Haffner, The Observer, 1 Apr 1945:
- 2011, David Bellos, Is That a Fish in Your Ear?, Penguin 2012, p. 126:
- A distinct unit of language ( sounds in speech or written letters ) with a particular meaning, composed of one or more morphemes, and also of one or more phonemes that determine its sound pattern. [from 10th c.]
- A distinct unit of language which is approved by some authority.
- News; tidings. [from 10th c.]
- An order; a request or instruction. [from 10th c.]
- A promise; an oath or guarantee. [from 10th c.]
- ( theology, sometimes Word ) Christ. [from 8th c.]
- ( theology, sometimes Word ) Communication from god; the message of the Christian gospel; the Bible. [from 10th c.]
- A brief discussion or conversation. [from 15th c.]
- ( in the plural: ) Angry debate or conversation; argument. [from 15th c.]
- Any sequence of letters or characters considered as a discrete entity. [from 19th c.]
- ( telegraphy ) A unit of text equivalent to five characters and one space. [from 19th c.]
- ( computing ) A fixed-size group of bits handled as a unit by a machine. On many 16-bit machines a word is 16 bits or two bytes. [from 20th c.]
- ( computer science ) A finite string which is not a command or operator .
- ( group theory ) A group element, expressed as a product of group elements .
- Different symbols, written or spoken, arranged together in a unique sequence that approximates a thought in a person's mind .
- ( distinct unit of language ): In English and other space-delimited languages, it is customary to treat "word" as referring to any sequence of characters delimited by spaces. However, this is not applicable to languages such as Chinese and Japanese, which are normally written without spaces, or to languages such as Vietnamese, which are written with a space between each syllable .
- ( slang, African US Vernacular ) truth, to tell or speak the truth; the shortened form of the statement, "My word is my bond," an expression eventually shortened to "Word is bond," before it finally got cut to just "Word," which is its most commonly used form.
- ( slang, emphatic, stereotypically, African US Vernacular ) An abbreviated form of word up; a statement of the acknowledgment of fact with a hint of nonchalant approval.
- 2004, Shannon Holmes, Never Go Home Again: A Novel, page 218
- 2007, Gabe Rotter, Duck Duck Wally: A Novel, page 105
- 2007, Relentless Aaron The Last Kingpin, page 34
- " […] I mean, I don't blame you... Word! […] "
- content word
- dirty word
- empty word
- famous last words
- fighting word / fighting words
- function word
- hard word
- have words
- in so many words
- last word / last words
- mince words
- nonce word
- portmanteau word
- swear word
- word for word
- IPA: /word/
- Word n. [AS. word; akin to OFries. & OS. word, D. woord, G. wort, Icel. orð, Sw. & Dan. ord, Goth. waúrd, OPruss. wirds, Lith. vardas a name, L. verbum a word; or perhaps to Gr. ῥήτωρ an orator. Cf. Verb.]
1. The spoken sign of a conception or an idea; an articulate or vocal sound, or a combination of articulate and vocal sounds, uttered by the human voice, and by custom expressing an idea or ideas; a single component part of human speech or language; a constituent part of a sentence; a term; a vocable. “A glutton of words.” Piers Plowman.
You cram these words into mine ears, against
The stomach of my sense. Shak.
Amongst men who confound their ideas with words, there must be endless disputes. Locke.
2. Hence, the written or printed character, or combination of characters, expressing such a term; as, “the words on a page”.
3. pl. Talk; discourse; speech; language.
Why should calamity be full of words? Shak.
Be thy words severe;
Sharp as he merits, but the sword forbear. Dryden.
4. Account; tidings; message; communication; information; -- used only in the singular.
I pray you . . . bring me word thither
How the world goes. Shak.
5. Signal; order; command; direction.
Give the word through. Shak.
6. Language considered as implying the faith or authority of the person who utters it; statement; affirmation; declaration; promise.
Obey thy parents; keep thy word justly. Shak.
I know you brave, and take you at your word. Dryden.
I desire not the reader should take my word. Dryden.
7. pl. Verbal contention; dispute.
Some words there grew 'twixt Somerset and me. Shak.
8. A brief remark or observation; an expression; a phrase, clause, or short sentence.
All the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. Gal. v. 14.
She said; but at the happy word “he lives,”
My father stooped, re-fathered, o'er my wound. Tennyson.
There is only one other point on which I offer a word of remark. Dickens.
By word of mouth, orally; by actual speaking. Boyle. -- Compound word. See under Compound, a. -- Good word, commendation; favorable account. “And gave the harmless fellow a good word.” Pope. -- In a word, briefly; to sum up. -- In word, in declaration; in profession. “Let us not love in word, . . . but in deed and in truth.” 1 John iii. 8. -- Nuns of the Word Incarnate ( R. C. Ch. ), an order of nuns founded in France in 1625, and approved in 1638. The order, which also exists in the United States, was instituted for the purpose of doing honor to the “Mystery of the Incarnation of the Son of God.” -- The word, or The Word. ( Theol. ) The gospel message; esp., the Scriptures, as a revelation of God. “Bold to speak the word without fear.” Phil. i. 14. The second person in the Trinity before his manifestation in time by the incarnation; among those who reject a Trinity of persons, some one or all of the divine attributes personified. John i. 1. -- To eat one's words, to retract what has been said. --
To have the words for, to speak for; to act as spokesman. [Obs.] “Our host hadde the wordes for us all.” Chaucer. -- Word blindness ( Physiol. ), inability to understand printed or written words or symbols, although the person affected may be able to see quite well, speak fluently, and write correctly. Landois & Stirling. -- Word deafness ( Physiol. ), inability to understand spoken words, though the person affected may hear them and other sounds, and hence is not deaf. -- Word dumbness ( Physiol. ), inability to express ideas in verbal language, though the power of speech is unimpaired. -- Word for word, in the exact words; verbatim; literally; exactly; as, “to repeat anything word for word”. -- Word painting, the act of describing an object fully and vividly by words only, so as to present it clearly to the mind, as if in a picture. -- Word picture, an accurate and vivid description, which presents an object clearly to the mind, as if in a picture. -- Word square, a series of words so arranged that they can be
read vertically and horizontally with like results.
H E A R T
E M B E R
A B U S E
R E S I N
T R E N T
( A word square )
Syn. -- See Term.
- Word, v. i. To use words, as in discussion; to argue; to dispute. [R.]
- Word, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Worded; p. pr. & vb. n. Wording.]
1. To express in words; to phrase.
The apology for the king is the same, but worded with greater deference to that great prince. Addison.
2. To ply with words; also, to cause to be by the use of a word or words. [Obs.] Howell.
3. To flatter with words; to cajole. [Obs.] Shak.
To word it, to bandy words; to dispute. [Obs.] “To word it with a shrew.” L'Estrange.
From Middle English word, from Old English word ( “word, speech, sentence, statement, command, order, subject of talk, story, news, report, fame, promise, verb” ), from Proto-Germanic *wurdan ( “word” ), from Proto-Indo-European *werdʰo- ( “word” ). Cognate with Scots word ( “word” ), West Frisian wurd ( “word” ), Dutch woord ( “word” ), German Wort ( “word” ), Danish, Norwegian and Swedish ord ( “word” ), Icelandic orð ( “word” ), Latin verbum ( “word” ), Lithuanian vardas ( “name” ), Albanian urtë ( “sage, wise, silent” ) .
From Proto-Germanic *wurdan, from Proto-Indo-European *werdʰo- ( “word” ), from Proto-Indo-European *wer- ( “speak” ); cognate with Old Frisian word, Old Saxon word ( Dutch woord ), Old High German wort ( German Wort ), Old Norse orð ( Icelandic orð, Swedish ord ), Gothic ( waurd ). The Proto-Indo-European root is also the source of Latin verbum, Lithuanian vardas, and, more distantly, of Ancient Greek εἴρω ( eirō, “I say” ) and Old Slavonic rotiti sę ( “to swear” ) ( Russian ротиться ( rotit’cja, “to vow” ) ) .
By Wiktionary ( 2011/01/01 01:19 UTC Version )
Used only when referring to taboo words ( mentioning them ), not using them – see use–mention distinction. Thus, one may say “Don’t say the f-word!”, but one would not generally say “Oh, f-word!” if upset – contrast with other euphemisms which are used as use, as in “Oh, fudge!” .
Explanation of word by Wordnet Dictionary
Definition of word by GCIDE Dictionary