Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of year
Meaning of year by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From Middle English yeer, yere, from Old English ġēr, ġēar ( “year” ), from Proto-Germanic *jēran ( “year” ), from Proto-Indo-European *yōro-, *yeh₁ro- ( “year, spring” ). Cognate with West Frisian jier ( “year” ), Dutch jaar ( “year” ), German Jahr ( “year” ), Swedish år ( “year” ), Icelandic ári ( “year” ), Serbo-Croatian jār ( “spring” ), Ancient Greek ὥρα ( hōra, “year, season” ), Avestan ( yārə, “year” ) and perhaps Albanian verë ( “summer” ) .


    • ( RP ) IPA: /jiə/, /jɜː/, X-SAMPA: /ji@/, /j3:/
    • ( US ) enPR: yîr, IPA: /jiɹ/, X-SAMPA: /jir/
    • Rhymes: -ɪə( r )


    year ( plural: years )

    1. The time it takes the Earth to complete one revolution of the Sun ( between 365.24 and 365.26 days depending on the point of reference ) .
      We moved to this town a year ago .
      I quit smoking exactly one year ago .
    2. ( by extension ) The time it takes for any planetary body to make one revolution around another body .
      Mars goes around the sun once in a Martian year, or 1.88 Earth years .
    3. A period between set dates that mark a year, from January 1 to December 31 by the Gregorian calendar .
      A normal year has 365 full days, but there are 366 days in a leap year .
      I was born in the year 1950 .
      This Chinese year is the year of the Rooster .
    4. A scheduled part of a calendar year spent in a specific activity .
      During this school year I have to get up at 6:30 to catch the bus .
    5. ( sciences ) A Julian year, exactly 365.25 days, represented by "a" .
    6. A level or grade in school or college .
      Every second-year student must select an area of specialization .
      The exams in year 12 at high school are the most difficult .


    Derived terms



    • aery
    • ayre, Ayre
    • yare

Explanation of year by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. a body of students who graduate together

    2. she was in my year at Hoehandle High
    3. the period of time that it takes for a planet ( as, e.g., Earth or Mars ) to make a complete revolution around the sun

    4. a Martian year takes 687 of our days
    5. a period of time containing 365 ( or 366 ) days

    6. she is 4 years old
      in the year 1920
    7. a period of time occupying a regular part of a calendar year that is used for some particular activity

    8. a school year

    Definition of year by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Year n. [OE. yer, yeer, ȝer, AS. geár; akin to OFries. ir, gr, D. jaar, OHG. jār, G. jahr, Icel. ār, Dan. aar, Sw. år, Goth. jr, Gr. a season of the year, springtime, a part of the day, an hour, a year, Zend yāre year. √4, 279. Cf. Hour, Yore.]

      1. The time of the apparent revolution of the sun trough the ecliptic; the period occupied by the earth in making its revolution around the sun, called the astronomical year; also, a period more or less nearly agreeing with this, adopted by various nations as a measure of time, and called the civil year; as, “the common lunar year of 354 days, still in use among the Mohammedans; the year of 360 days, etc. In common usage, the year consists of 365 days, and every fourth year ( called bissextile, or leap year ) of 366 days, a day being added to February on that year, on account of the excess above 365 days ( see Bissextile )”.

      Of twenty year of age he was, I guess. Chaucer.

      ☞ The civil, or legal, year, in England, formerly commenced on the 25th of March. This practice continued throughout the British dominions till the year 1752.

      2. The time in which any planet completes a revolution about the sun; as, “the year of Jupiter or of Saturn”.

      3. pl. Age, or old age; as, “a man in years”. Shak.

      Anomalistic year, the time of the earth's revolution from perihelion to perihelion again, which is 365 days, 6 hours, 13 minutes, and 48 seconds. -- A year's mind ( Eccl. ), a commemoration of a deceased person, as by a Mass, a year after his death. Cf. A month's mind, under Month. -- Bissextile year. See Bissextile. -- Canicular year. See under Canicular. -- Civil year, the year adopted by any nation for the computation of time. -- Common lunar year, the period of 12 lunar months, or 354 days. -- Common year, each year of 365 days, as distinguished from leap year. -- Embolismic year, or Intercalary lunar year, the period of 13 lunar months, or 384 days. -- Fiscal year ( Com. ), the year by which accounts are reckoned, or the year between one annual time of settlement, or balancing of accounts, and another. -- Great year. See Platonic year, under Platonic. -- Gregorian year, Julian year. See under Gregorian, and Julian. -- Leap year. See Leap year, in the Vocabulary. -- Lunar astronomical year,
      the period of 12 lunar synodical months, or 354 days, 8 hours, 48 minutes, 36 seconds. -- Lunisolar year. See under Lunisolar. -- Periodical year. See Anomalistic year, above. -- Platonic year, Sabbatical year. See under Platonic, and Sabbatical. -- Sidereal year, the time in which the sun, departing from any fixed star, returns to the same. This is 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, and 9.3 seconds. -- Tropical year. See under Tropical. -- Year and a day ( O. Eng. Law ), a time to be allowed for an act or an event, in order that an entire year might be secured beyond all question. Abbott. -- Year of grace, any year of the Christian era; Anno Domini; A. D. or a. d.