Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of you
Meaning of you by Wiktionary Dictionary

you


    Alternative forms

    • ye ( plural: form, archaic or dialectal )
    • ya, yah, yer, y' ( informal )
    • -cha ( informal, after /t/ )
    • -ja ( informal, after /d/ )
    • u ( informal )
    • yoo ( eye dialect )
    • eu, iow, yew, yewe, yo, yoow, youe, yow, yowe, yu, yw, ȝewe, ȝhow, ȝhu, ȝo, ȝou, ȝoue, ȝow, ȝowe ( obsolete )

    Etymology

    From Middle English you, yow, ȝow, ( object case of ye ), from Old English ēow, īow ( "you"; dative case of ġē ), from West Germanic *iwwiz ( "you"; dative case of *jīz ), from Proto-Germanic *izwiz ( "you"; dative case of *jūz ), from Proto-Indo-European *wes, *we-, *wō- ( “you” ), object case of *yūs, *yu-sme-, *ye- ( “second person dual and plural: pronoun” ). Cognate with West Frisian jo ( “you” ), Low German jo ( “you” ), Dutch jou & u ( “you” ), Middle High German eu, iu ( “you”, obj. pron. ), Latin vōs ( “you” ), Avestan vō ( “you” ) .

    See usage notes. Ye, you and your are cognate with Dutch jij/je, jou, jouw; Low German ji, jo/ju, jug and German ihr, euch and euer respectively. Ye is also cognate with archaic Swedish I .

    Pronunciation

    • ( stressed )
      • ( UK ) enPR: yo͞o, IPA: /juː/help, X-SAMPA: /ju:/
      • ( US ) enPR: yo͞o, IPA: /ju/help, X-SAMPA: /ju/
      • Rhymes: -uː
    • ( unstressed )
      • ( US ) enPR: yə, IPA: /jə/help, X-SAMPA: /j@/
    • Homophone: ewe, u, yew, hew ( in h-dropping dialects ), hue ( in h-dropping dialects )

    When a word ending in /t/, /d/, /s/, or /z/ is followed by you, these may coalesce with the /j/, resulting in /tʃ/, /dʒ/, /ʃ/ and /ʒ/, respectively. This is occasionally represented in writing, e.g. gotcha ← got you .

    Pronoun

    you second person, singular or plural, nominative or objective ( possessive determiner your, possessive pronoun yours, singular reflexive yourself, plural: reflexive yourselves )

    1. ( object pronoun ) The people spoken, or written to, as an object. [from 9th c.]
    2. ( reflexive, now US colloquial ) ( To ) yourselves, ( to ) yourself. [from 9th c.]
    3. ( object pronoun ) The person spoken to or written to, as an object. ( Replacing thee; originally as a mark of respect. ) [from 13th c.]
    4. ( subject pronoun ) The people spoken to or written to, as a subject. ( Replacing ye. ) [from 14th c.]
      Both of you should get ready now .
      You are all supposed to do as I tell you .
    5. ( subject pronoun ) The person spoken to or written to, as a subject. ( Originally as a mark of respect. ) [from 15th c.]
    6. ( indefinite personal pronoun ) Anyone, one; an unspecified individual or group of individuals ( as subject or object ). [from 16th c.]

    Usage notes

    Synonyms

    Derived terms

    See also

    Determiner

    you

    1. The individual or group spoken or written to .
      Have you gentlemen come to see the lady who fell backwards off a bus?
    2. Used before epithets for emphasis .
      You idiot!

    Statistics




Definition of you by GCIDE Dictionary

you


  1. thou ( thou ), pron. [Sing.: nom. Thou; poss. Thy ( thī ) or Thine ( thīn ); obj. Thee ( thē ). Pl.: nom. You ; poss. Your ( yr ) or Yours ( yrz ); obj. You.] [OE. thou, þu, AS. ðū, ðu; akin to OS. & OFries. thu, G., Dan. & Sw. du, Icel. þū, Goth. þu, Russ. tui, Ir. & Gael. tu, W. ti, L. tu, Gr. σύ, Dor. τύ, Skr. tvam. √185. Cf. Thee, Thine, Te Deum.] The second personal pronoun, in the singular number, denoting the person addressed; thyself; the pronoun which is used in addressing persons in the solemn or poetical style.

    Art thou he that should come? Matt. xi. 3.

    ☞ “In Old English, generally, thou is the language of a lord to a servant, of an equal to an equal, and expresses also companionship, love, permission, defiance, scorn, threatening: whilst ye is the language of a servant to a lord, and of compliment, and further expresses honor, submission, or entreaty.” Skeat.

    ☞ Thou is now sometimes used by the Friends, or Quakers, in familiar discourse, though most of them corruptly say thee instead of thou.

  2. thou ( thou ), pron. [Sing.: nom. Thou; poss. Thy ( thī ) or Thine ( thīn ); obj. Thee ( thē ). Pl.: nom. You ; poss. Your ( yr ) or Yours ( yrz ); obj. You.] [OE. thou, þu, AS. ðū, ðu; akin to OS. & OFries. thu, G., Dan. & Sw. du, Icel. þū, Goth. þu, Russ. tui, Ir. & Gael. tu, W. ti, L. tu, Gr. σύ, Dor. τύ, Skr. tvam. √185. Cf. Thee, Thine, Te Deum.] The second personal pronoun, in the singular number, denoting the person addressed; thyself; the pronoun which is used in addressing persons in the solemn or poetical style.

    Art thou he that should come? Matt. xi. 3.

    ☞ “In Old English, generally, thou is the language of a lord to a servant, of an equal to an equal, and expresses also companionship, love, permission, defiance, scorn, threatening: whilst ye is the language of a servant to a lord, and of compliment, and further expresses honor, submission, or entreaty.” Skeat.

    ☞ Thou is now sometimes used by the Friends, or Quakers, in familiar discourse, though most of them corruptly say thee instead of thou.

  3. You pron. [Possess. Your ( ūr ) or Yours ( ūrz ); dat. & obj. You.] [OE. you, eou, eow, dat. & acc., AS. eów, used as dat. & acc. of ge, gē, ye; akin to OFries. iu, io, D. u, G. euch, OHG. iu, dat., iuwih, acc., Icel. yðr, dat. & acc., Goth. izwis; of uncertain origin. √189. Cf. Your.] The pronoun of the second person, in the nominative, dative, and objective case, indicating the person or persons addressed. See the Note under Ye.

    Ye go to Canterbury; God you speed. Chaucer.

    Good sir, I do in friendship counsel you

    To leave this place. Shak.

    In vain you tell your parting lover

    You wish fair winds may waft him over. Prior.

    ☞ Though you is properly a plural, it is in all ordinary discourse used also in addressing a single person, yet properly always with a plural verb. “Are you he that hangs the verses on the trees, wherein Rosalind is so admired ?” Shak.
    You and your are sometimes used indefinitely, like we, they, one, to express persons not specified. “The looks at a distance like a new-plowed land; but as you come near it, you see nothing but a long heap of heavy, disjointed clods.” Addison. “Your medalist and critic are much nearer related than the world imagine.” Addison. “It is always pleasant to be forced to do what you wish to do, but what, until pressed, you dare not attempt.” Hook.
    You is often used reflexively for yourself of yourselves. “Your highness shall repose you at the tower.” Shak.

  4. You pron. [Possess. Your ( ūr ) or Yours ( ūrz ); dat. & obj. You.] [OE. you, eou, eow, dat. & acc., AS. eów, used as dat. & acc. of ge, gē, ye; akin to OFries. iu, io, D. u, G. euch, OHG. iu, dat., iuwih, acc., Icel. yðr, dat. & acc., Goth. izwis; of uncertain origin. √189. Cf. Your.] The pronoun of the second person, in the nominative, dative, and objective case, indicating the person or persons addressed. See the Note under Ye.

    Ye go to Canterbury; God you speed. Chaucer.

    Good sir, I do in friendship counsel you

    To leave this place. Shak.

    In vain you tell your parting lover

    You wish fair winds may waft him over. Prior.

    ☞ Though you is properly a plural, it is in all ordinary discourse used also in addressing a single person, yet properly always with a plural verb. “Are you he that hangs the verses on the trees, wherein Rosalind is so admired ?” Shak.
    You and your are sometimes used indefinitely, like we, they, one, to express persons not specified. “The looks at a distance like a new-plowed land; but as you come near it, you see nothing but a long heap of heavy, disjointed clods.” Addison. “Your medalist and critic are much nearer related than the world imagine.” Addison. “It is always pleasant to be forced to do what you wish to do, but what, until pressed, you dare not attempt.” Hook.
    You is often used reflexively for yourself of yourselves. “Your highness shall repose you at the tower.” Shak.